Slang for ~term~
The Urban Thesaurus was created by indexing millions of different slang terms which are defined on sites like Urban Dictionary. These indexes are then used to find usage correlations between slang terms. The official Urban Dictionary API is used to show the hover-definitions. Note that this thesaurus is not in any way affiliated with Urban Dictionary.
Due to the way the algorithm works, the thesaurus gives you mostly related slang words, rather than exact synonyms. The higher the terms are in the list, the more likely that they're relevant to the word or phrase that you searched for. The search algorithm handles phrases and strings of words quite well, so for example if you want words that are related to lol and rofl you can type in lol rofl and it should give you a pile of related slang terms. Or you might try boyfriend or girlfriend to get words that can mean either one of these (e.g. bae). Please also note that due to the nature of the internet (and especially UD), there will often be many terrible and offensive terms in the results.
There is still lots of work to be done to get this slang thesaurus to give consistently good results, but I think it's at the stage where it could be useful to people, which is why I released it.
Special thanks to the contributors of the open-source code that was used in this project: @krisk, @HubSpot, and @mongodb.
Finally, you might like to check out the growing collection of curated slang words for different topics over at Slangpedia.
Recent Slang Thesaurus Queries
To take and develop photographs - thesaurus
formal to arrange the parts of something such as a photograph or a painting in order to get a particulareffect
to allow light to reach the film in a camera so that you can take a photograph
to use a filter on an image
to use chemicals on something so that its colours do not change or disappear, for example on a photograph
to turn a part on a camera, telescope, microscope etc until you can see something clearly
informal to take a photograph of a famousperson that you are following in order to sell it to a newspaper or magazine
to take a photograph of someone or something
to make photographs from film by treating it with chemicals
to photograph or record something again because it was not satisfactory
to make film for photographs sensitive to light
to take photographs, or to make a film or video
informal to take a photograph of someone or something
to take the film out of a camera
if something such as a camerazooms somewhere, or if you zoom it somewhere, it moves so that it makes something seem much closer or further away
Meaning of photograph in English
From the Cambridge English Corpus
From the Cambridge English Corpus
From the Cambridge English Corpus
From the Cambridge English Corpus
From the Cambridge English Corpus
From the Cambridge English Corpus
From the Cambridge English Corpus
From the Cambridge English Corpus
From the Cambridge English Corpus
From the Cambridge English Corpus
See all examples of photograph
These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.
This shows grade level based on the word's complexity.
[ pik-cher ]
/ ˈpɪk tʃər /
a visual representation of a person, object, or scene, as a painting, drawing, photograph, etc.: I carry a picture of my grandchild in my wallet.
any visible image, however produced: pictures reflected in a pool of water.
a mental image: a clear picture of how he had looked that day.
a particular image or reality as portrayed in an account or description; depiction; version.
a tableau, as in theatrical representation.
- a movie: He signed a three-picture deal to star in the new franchise.
- pictures,Older Use.movies collectively, as an art; cinema: So, you want to be in pictures?
a person, thing, group, or scene regarded as resembling a work of pictorial art in beauty, fineness of appearance, etc.: She was a picture in her new blue dress.
the image or perfect likeness of someone else: He is the picture of his father.
a visible or concrete embodiment of some quality or condition: the picture of health.
a situation or set of circumstances: the economic picture.
the image on a computer monitor, the viewing screen of a television set, or a motion-picture screen.
verb (used with object),pic·tured,pic·tur·ing.
to represent in a picture or pictorially, as by painting or drawing.
to form a mental picture of; imagine: He couldn't picture himself doing such a thing.
to depict in words; describe graphically: He pictured Rome so vividly that you half-believed you were there.
to present or create as a setting; portray: His book pictured the world of the future.
ARE YOU A TRUE BLUE CHAMPION OF THESE "BLUE" SYNONYMS?
We could talk until we're blue in the face about this quiz on words for the color "blue," but we think you should take the quiz and find out if you're a whiz at these colorful terms.
Question 1 of 8
Which of the following words describes “sky blue”?
Origin of picture
First recorded in 1375–1425; late Middle English, from Latin pictūra “the act of painting, a painting,” equivalent to pict(us) (past participle of pingere “to paint” ) + -ūra noun suffix; see paint, -ure
OTHER WORDS FROM picture
mis·pic·ture,verb (used with object),mis·pic·tured,mis·pic·tur·ing.self-pic·tured,adjectiveun·pic·tured,adjective
WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH picturepicture , pitcher
Words nearby picture
pictography, Pictor, pictorial, pictorialism, pictorialize, picture, picture book, picture card, picture disc, picturegoer, picture hat
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
BEHIND THE WORD
Where does picture come from?
A picture, as they say, is worth a thousand words. But what about the word picture? We’re not going to write a thousand words on picture—although we could. Believe us when we say we could. So, here’s a briefer word picture (see what we did there?) on the origin of this versatile word.
In its most general sense, a picture is a visual representation of something, especially in the form of a painting, drawing, photograph, or the like. A picture can also refer to a mental image, among other senses. One meaning of picture, as a verb, is “to represent something in a picture or pictorially”—pictorial being a related adjective form variously used to refer to pictures.
The word picture entered English around 1375–1425, borrowed directly from the Latin word pictūra, “the act of painting, a painting.” The word is based on pict(us), the past participle of the verb pingere, meaning “to paint.” The verb could also mean “to draw, embroider, represent,” among other senses. The second part of pictūra is -ūra, a noun suffix represented as -ure in English. See our entry at –ure to learn more about this suffix.
The meaning of the word picture has been very stable in English. Just as it originally did in the late 1300s, a picture can still refer to a drawing or painting— whether it’s your kid’s crayon-scrawled family portrait on your fridge or Leonardo DaVinci’s Mona Lisa in the Louvre. Both are masterpieces, as far as we’re concerned. Please note, though, that when referring to formal or professional works, we often use the name of the medium (painting, photograph, film), with picture referring to more informal or amateur creations.
But picture has also been remarkably adaptable, readily lending itself to images created by new technologies: photography, cinema, TV, and all the pictures we take on our smartphones and post on social media.
The word movie—it’s easy to forget in an age of Netflix streaming and viral TikTok videos—is shortened from the phrase moving picture. And what are digital images composed of? Tiny pixels. That word is based on pix, a variant of pics, a common shortening of picture. A picture, we might say today, is worth (many) thousands of pixels.
Did you know ... ?
As we noted in the previous section, picture ultimately comes from the Latin verb pingere. Picture is not the only word English gets from this root, however.
Pingere evolved into the Old French peindre, whose past participle was peint, source of the English paint and related forms. That means a painting, etymologically speaking, is a picture.
Did you know these words are also rooted in the Latin pingere, “to paint”?
Words related to picture
impression, photograph, copy, art, description, figure, image, account, sketch, cartoon, depiction, report, statue, portrayal, print, portrait, piece, painting, drawing, icon
How to use picture in a sentence
Those pictures can really boost your memory of this material.
Top 10 tips on how to study smarter, not longer|Kathiann Kowalski|September 9, 2020|Science News For Students
The same picture emerges from middle class men in the U.S., Canada, and the Nordic countries.
How Good Dads Can Change the World|Gary Barker, PhD, Michael Kaufman|January 6, 2015|DAILY BEAST
That was accomplished by cops such as the one whose picture was clutched so tightly by his widow on Sunday.
Funeral Protest Is Too Much for NYPD Union Boss|Michael Daly|January 5, 2015|DAILY BEAST
There is just no way of selling this picture with an innocent defense like, “she just asked for a snap.”
Buckingham Palace Disputes Sex Allegations Against Prince ‘Randy Andy’|Tom Sykes|January 4, 2015|DAILY BEAST
I noticed a picture of her daughter, who was my classmate, and out of curiosity visited her page.
50 Shades of Iran: The Mullahs’ Kinky Fantasies about Sex in the West|IranWire, Shima Sharabi|January 1, 2015|DAILY BEAST
We want to give the families and the other cops, too, as clear a picture as we can.
Exclusive: Inside a Cop-Killer’s Final Hours|Michael Daly|December 31, 2014|DAILY BEAST
She looked from the picture to her daughter, with a frightful glare, in their before mild aspect.
The Pastor's Fire-side Vol. 3 of 4|Jane Porter
Each picture bore a label, giving a true description of the once-honoured gem.
The Pit Town Coronet, Volume I (of 3)|Charles James Wills
And sure enough when Sunday came, and the pencil was restored to him, he promptly showed nurse his picture.
Children's Ways|James Sully
Mr. Agnew saw the picture, recognised its merit, and wrote a cheque for the full amount asked.
Punch, or the London Charivari, Volume 107, November 3, 1894|Various
A furious controversy concerning this picture had arisen among art critics.
The Pit Town Coronet, Volume I (of 3)|Charles James Wills
British Dictionary definitions for picture
- a visual representation of something, such as a person or scene, produced on a surface, as in a photograph, painting, etc
- (as modifier)picture gallery; picture postcard Related adjective: pictorial
a mental image or impressiona clear picture of events
a verbal description, esp one that is vivid
a situation considered as an observable scenethe political picture
a person or thing that bears a close resemblance to anotherhe was the picture of his father
a person, scene, etc, considered as typifying a particular state or qualitythe picture of despair
a beautiful person or sceneyou'll look a picture
a complete image on a television screen, comprising two interlaced fields
- a motion picture; film
- (as modifier)picture theatre
the picturesmainlyBritish and Australiana cinema or film show
another name for tableau vivant
get the pictureinformalto understand a situation
in the pictureinformed about a given situation
to visualize or imagine
to describe or depict, esp vividly
(often passive)to put in a picture or make a picture ofthey were pictured sitting on the rocks
Word Origin for picture
C15: from Latin pictūra painting, from pingere to paint
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Other Idioms and Phrases with picture
In addition to the idiom beginning with picture
- picture is worth a thousand words, one
- get the message (picture)
- in the picture
- pretty as a picture
- take a picture
- the picture
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.
Word for pictures another taking
noun. ['ˈfoʊtəˌgræf'] a representation of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material.
- wedding picture
- photographic print
- stereoscopic photograph
- stereoscopic picture
- mug shot
- arial mosaic
- black and white
- time exposure
- stand still
- -graph (English)
- photo- (English)
Words that Rhyme with Photograph
Example sentences of the word photograph
1. Noun, singular or mass
Place the photograph and the mat in a picture frame after the party for display.
2. Verb, 3rd person singular present
Make a note of any unusual markings and photograph the marks you find on the bottom of your china.
3. Verb, non-3rd person singular present
You can climb one of the Teton mountains, photograph the scenic valley or spot wildlife with binoculars.
4. Preposition or subordinating conjunction
Wedding photographers, for example, travel to wedding venues to determine how to most attractively photograph the couple.
Quotes containing the word photograph
1. You don't take a photograph, you make it.
- Ansel Adams
2. When it comes to partnership, some humans can make their lives alone - it's possible. But creatively, it's more like painting: you can't just use the same colours in every painting. It's just not an option. You can't take the same photograph every time and live with art forms with no differences.
- Ben Harper
3. However spontaneous I hope a photograph will look, I always put a lot of thought into how I can make it happen. The very best pictures are the most relaxed, so a lot of fussing around technically can completely break the spell, and everyone freezes up with nerves.
- Mario Testino
verb. ['ˈfoʊtəˌgræf'] record on photographic film.
- put down
- -graph (English)
- photo- (English)
This article is about self-photographs. For other uses, see Selfie (disambiguation).
A selfie () is a self-portraitphotograph, typically taken with a digital camera or smartphone, which may be held in the hand or supported by a selfie stick. Selfies are often shared on social media, via social networking services such as Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat, and Instagram.
They are often casual in nature (or made to appear casual). A "Selfie" typically refers to self-portrait photos that are taken with the camera held at arm's length, as opposed to those taken by using a self-timer or remote. A selfie, however, may include multiple subjects however; as long as the photo is being taken by one of the subjects featured, it is considered a selfie. However, some other terms for selfies with multiple people include usie, groufie, and wefie.
"Selfie" is an example of hypocorism – a type of word formation that is popular in Australia where it was in general use before gaining wider acceptance.
The first known use of the word selfie in any paper or electronic medium appeared in an Australian internet forum on 13 September 2002 – Karl Kruszelnicki's 'Dr Karl Self-Serve Science Forum' – in a post by Nathan Hope. Although Hope later dismissed the notion that he coined the term, describing it as "something that was just common slang at the time, used to describe a picture of yourself", he wrote the following: "Um, drunk at a mates 21st, I tripped ofer [sic] and landed lip first (with front teeth coming a very close second) on a set of steps. I had a hole about 1cm long right through my bottom lip. And sorry about the focus, it was a selfie."
By 2013, the word "selfie" had become commonplace enough to be monitored for inclusion in the online version of the Oxford English Dictionary, which announced it as the "word of the year" in November and gave it an Australian origin.
In August 2014, "selfie" was officially accepted for use in the word game Scrabble.
See also: Self-portrait
Unidentified woman taking her picture in a mirror, c. 1900
Crewman of a German, World War 1, DFW C.V aircraft takes a picture with a camera attached to a wing-strut, 1916–1918
In 1839, Robert Cornelius, an American pioneer in photography, produced a daguerreotype of himself which ended up as one of the first photographs of a person. Because the process was slow, he was able to uncover the lens, run into the shot for a minute or more, and then replace the lens cap. He recorded on the back "The first light picture ever taken. 1839." A copy of his "first selfie" graces his tombstone at Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
In 1900, the debut of the portable Kodak Browniebox camera led to photographic self-portraiture becoming a more widespread technique. The method was usually by mirror and stabilizing the camera either on a nearby object or on a tripod while framing via a viewfinder at the top of the box.Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, at the age of 13, was one of the first teenagers to take her own picture using a mirror to send to a friend in 1914. In the letter that accompanied the photograph, she wrote, "I took this picture of myself looking at the mirror. It was very hard as my hands were trembling." In 1934, a Swedish couple used a wooden stick to take the photo of themselves, which The New York Times called "the original selfie stick".
During the 1970s, photographic self-portraiture flourished when affordable instant cameras birthed a new medium of self-expression, capturing uncharacteristically personal insight into otherwise conservative individuals and allowing amateurs to learn photography with immediate results. This practice transitioned naturally across to digital cameras as they supplanted film cameras around the turn of the millennium.
Origins and development of selfie-taking
Japanese selfie culture
See also: Japanese mobile phone culture and Purikura
The modern selfie has origins in Japanese kawaii (cute) culture, which involves an obsession with beautifying self-representation in photographic forms, particularly among females. By the 1990s, self-photography developed into a major preoccupation among Japanese schoolgirls, who took photos with friends and exchanged copies that could be pasted into kawaii albums. This inspired a young photographer, Hiromix (Hiromi Toshikawa), to publish a photo diary album called Seventeen Girl Days, which included a number of self-posing photos. One of these was a pioneering selfie that was shot while holding the camera in front of herself. She rose to fame in Japan when her album received recognition from camera manufacturer Canon in 1995.
The 1983 Minolta Disc-7 camera had a convex mirror on its front to allow the composition of self-portraits, and its packaging showed the camera mounted on a stick while used for such a purpose. A "telescopic extender" for compact handheld cameras was patented by Ueda Hiroshi and Mima Yujiro in 1983, and a selfie stick was featured in a 1995 book of 101 Un-Useless Japanese Inventions. While dismissed as a "useless invention" at the time, the selfie stick later gained global popularity in the early 21st century.
A pen-sensitive touchscreen for decorating selfie photos inside a purikura booth in Fukushima City.
The digital selfie originates from the purikura (Japanese shorthand for "print club"), which are Japanese photo sticker booths, introduced by the Japanese video gamearcade industry in the mid-1990s. It was conceived in 1994 by Sasaki Miho, inspired by the popularity of girl photo culture and photo stickers in 1990s Japan. She worked for a game company, Atlus, where she suggested the idea, but it was initially rejected by her male bosses. Atlus eventually decided to pursue Miho's idea, and developed it with the help of a leading Japanese video game company, Sega, which later became the owner of Atlus. Sega and Atlus introduced the Print Club (Purinto Kurabu), the first purikura, in February 1995, initially at game arcades, before expanding to other popular culture locations such as fast food shops, train stations, karaoke establishments, and bowling alleys. The success of the original Sega-Atlus machine led to other Japanese arcade game companies producing their own purikura, including SNK's Neo Print in 1996 and Konami's Puri Puri Campus (Print Print Campus) in 1997.
Purikura produced what would later be called selfies. A purikura is essentially a cross between a traditional license/passport photo booth and an arcade video game, with a computer that is connected to a colour video camera and colour printer, and which allows the manipulation of digital images. It involves users posing in front of a camera within the compact booth, having their images taken, and then printing the photos with various effects designed to look kawaii. It presents a series of choices, such as desired backdrops, borders, insertable decorations, icons, text writing options, hair extensions, twinkling diamond tiaras, tenderized light effects, and predesigned decorative margins. Purikura became a popular form of entertainment among youths in Japan, and then across East Asia, in the 1990s. These photographic filters were similar to the Snapchat filters that later appeared in the 2010s. Photographic features in purikura were later adopted by smartphone apps such as Instagram and Snapchat, including scribbling graffiti or typing text over selfies, adding features that beautify the image, and photo editing options such as cat whiskers or bunny ears.
Perhaps the first front-facing camera on a hand-held device was the Game Boy Camera, released in Japan in February 1998. The Game Boy Camera was an attachment for Game Boy. The 180°-swivel camera was specifically marketed to allow users to take self-portraits.
To capitalize on the purikura phenomenon in East Asia, Japanese mobile phones began including a front-facing camera, which facilitated the creation of selfies. The first front-facing camera phone was the Kyocera Visual Phone VP-210, released in Japan in May 1999. It was called a "mobile videophone" at the time. It stored up to 20 JPEG images, which could be sent over e-mail, or the phone could send up to two images per second over Japan's Personal Handy-phone System (PHS) wirelesscellular network. This led to a transition in Japanese selfie culture from purikura to mobile phones.
Selfie culture became popular in Japan and then other East Asian countries in the 1990s, starting with purikura booths and then front-facingcamera phones. However, it was not until the 2000s that selfie culture was popularized outside of East Asia.
Outside of East Asia, the concept of uploading group self-taken photographs to the Internet, albeit with a disposable camera instead of a smartphone, dates back to a webpage created by Australians in September 2001, including photos taken in the late 1990s (captured by the Internet Archive in April 2004).
In the early 2000s, before Facebook became the dominant online social network, self-taken photographs were particularly common on MySpace. However, writer Kate Losse recounts that between 2006 and 2009 (when Facebook became more popular than MySpace), the "MySpace pic" (typically "an amateurish, flash-blinded self-portrait, often taken in front of a bathroom mirror") became an indication of bad taste for users of the newer Facebook social network. In 2009 in the image hosting and video hosting website Flickr, Flickr users used 'selfies' to describe seemingly endless self-portraits posted by teenagers. According to Losse, improvements in design—especially the front-facing camera of the iPhone 4 (2010), mobile photo apps such as Instagram and Snapchat led to the resurgence of selfies in the early 2010s.
The Sony Ericsson Z1010mobile phone, released in late 2003, introduced to Western markets the concept of a front-facing camera, which could be used for selfies and video calls. These cameras became common on mobile devices, such as the iPhone 4 (2010). The iPhone 4, which adopted the front-facing camera feature from earlier Japanese and Korean phones, helped popularize the selfie internationally, outside of East Asia.
In 2011, the Instagram photo-sharing and social networking service introduced auto filters, allowing users to easily alter their photos.Initially popular with young people, selfies gained wider popularity over time. Life and business coach Jennifer Lee, in January 2011, was the first person to coin it as a hashtag on Instagram. By the end of 2012, Time magazine considered selfie one of the "top 10 buzzwords" of that year; although selfies had existed long before, it was in 2012 that the term "really hit the big time". According to a 2013 survey, two-thirds of Australian women age 18–35 take selfies—the most common purpose for which is posting on Facebook. A poll commissioned by smartphone and camera maker Samsung found that selfies make up 30% of the photos taken by people aged 18–24.
Selfies have also been taken beyond Earth. Selfies taken in space include those by astronauts, an image by NASA's Curiosity rover of itself on Mars, and images created by an indirect method, where a self-portrait photograph taken on Earth is displayed on a screen on a satellite, and captured by a camera.
In 2011, a crested black macaque pressed a trigger on a wildlife photographer's camera, set up in an Indonesian jungle for that specific purpose; when the camera was later recovered it was found to contain hundreds of selfies, including one of a grinning female macaque. This incident set off an unusual debate about copyright. In April 2013, the Wikipedia's Selfie page started. In 2016, a federal judge ruled that the monkey cannot own the copyright to the images.
In October 2013, Imagist Labs released an iOS app called Selfie, which allows users to upload photos only from their front-facing smartphone camera. The app shows a feed of public photos of everyone's selfies and from the people they follow. The app does not allow users to comment and users can only respond with selfies. The app soon gained popularity among teenagers.
In describing the popularity of the "foot selfie", a photograph taken of one's feet while sunbathing at exotic locations, The Hollywood Reporter said that it could be "2014's social media pose to beat".
In January 2014, during the Sochi Winter Olympics, a "Selfie Olympics" meme was popular on Twitter, where users took self-portraits in unusual situations. The spread of the meme took place with the usage of the hashtags#selfiegame and #selfieolympics.
In April 2014, the advertising agency iStrategyLabs produced a two-way mirror capable of automatically posting selfies to Twitter, using facial recognition software.
Social media popularity
Social media apps like Instagram and Snapchat encourage people to take selfies with features like Geofilters, hashtag linking of related topics, and picture stories. Geofilters allow people to take selfies with overlays that can be comedic, altering your selfie image with the ability to show where you are located. In September 2017, Instagram boasted 500 million daily active users of its self-promotion, selfie-sharing app and 800 million monthly active users. Snapchat reports 178 million daily active users of its service. As of July 2017, in order of popularity, the four most popular social networking services are Facebook, Facebook Messenger, Instagram, and Snapchat.
Selfies have been popular on social media. Instagram has over 53 million photos tagged with the hashtag #selfie. The word "selfie" was mentioned in Facebook status updates over 368,000 times during a one-week period in October 2013. During the same period on Twitter, the hashtag #selfie was used in more than 150,000 tweets.
The appeal of selfies comes from how easy they are to create and share, and the control they give people over how they present themselves. Many selfies are intended to present a flattering image of the person, especially to friends whom the photographer expects to be supportive. Those selfies would be taken on trips, during activities that are considered interesting or as a group selfie with interesting or attractive people. However, a 2013 study of Facebook users found that posting photos of oneself correlates with lower levels of social support from and intimacy with Facebook friends (except for those marked as Close Friends). The lead author of the study suggests that "those who frequently post photographs on Facebook risk damaging real-life relationships." The photo messaging application Snapchat is also largely used to send selfies. Some users of Snapchat choose to send intentionally-unattractive selfies to their friends for comedic purposes.
Posting intentionally unattractive selfies has also become common in the early 2010s—in part for their humor value, but in some cases also to explore issues of body image or as a reaction against the perceived narcissism or over-sexualization of typical selfies.
The practice of taking selfies has been criticised not only for being narcissistic, preventing assessment and appreciation of what is happening in the present, but also for being mindlessly conformist behaviour, when everyone does what everyone else is doing, "like that scene in The Life of Brian – where the crowd gathers outside Brian's window and enthusiastically chants in unison: 'Yes, we're all individuals! ... Yes, we are all different!'" However, this has been disproved by more nuanced and detailed analyses of the genre.
The pop-up museum called The Museum of Selfies is scheduled to open its doors to all selfie lovers in the year 2018 in Glendale, a suburb of Los Angeles County, California.
Gender roles, sexuality, and privacy
Selfies are popular among both genders; however, sociologist Ben Agger describes the trend of selfies as "the male gaze gone viral", and sociologist and women's studies professor Gail Dines links it to the rise of "porn culture" and the idea that sexual attractiveness is the only way in which a woman can make herself visible. Feminist writer Megan Murphy has pointed out that posting images publicly or sharing them with others who do so may have a dramatic effect in the case of revenge porn, where ex-lovers post sexually explicit photographs or nude selfies to exact revenge or humiliate their former lovers. Nonetheless, some feminists view selfies as a subversive form of self-expression that narrates one's own view of desirability. In this sense, selfies can be positive and offer a way of actively asserting agency.
In 2013 in the blog Jezebel, author Erin Gloria Ryan criticized selfies, believing that the images they often portray, as well as the fact that they are usually posted to social media with the intent of getting positive comments and "likes", reinforce the "notion that the most valuable thing [a young woman] has to offer the world is her looks." The Jezebel post provoked commentary on Twitter from users arguing that selfies could be positive for women by promoting different standards of beauty. Media critic Jennifer Pozner saw selfies as particularly powerful for women and girls who did not see themselves portrayed in mainstream media.
Research shows that there is a particular difference between perspectives of youngsters and adults. "While not all representative of all young people's experiences of digital picture-sharing cultures, these discussions point to a significant gap between young people's own interpretations of their ordinary or everyday digital practices and adults’ interpretations of these practices."
Many celebrities – especially sex symbols – post selfies for their followers on social media, and provocative or otherwise interesting celebrity selfies are the subject of regular press coverage. Some commentators, such as Emma Barnett of The Telegraph, have argued that sexy celebrity selfies (and sexy non-celebrity selfies) can be empowering to the selfie-takers but harmful to women in general as they promote viewing women as sex objects. Actor and avid selfie poster James Franco wrote an op-ed for The New York Times defending this frequent use of selfies on his Instagram page. Franco defends the self-portrait stating they should not be seen as an egocentric act, but instead a journalistic moment as the selfie "quickly and easily shows, not tells, how you're feeling, where you are, what you're doing" in a way that a text communication might fail to convey.
A selfie orchestrated during the 86th Academy Awards by host Ellen DeGeneres was, at one point, the most retweeted tweet ever. DeGeneres said she wanted to pay homage to Meryl Streep's record 18 Oscar nominations by setting a new record with her, and invited twelve other Oscar celebrities to join them, which included Meryl Streep, Julia Roberts, Channing Tatum, Bradley Cooper, Kevin Spacey, Angelina Jolie, Brad Pitt, Lupita Nyong'o, Jared Leto, and Jennifer Lawrence. The resulting photo of the celebrities broke the previous retweet record within forty minutes, and was retweeted over 1.8 million times in the first hour. By the end of the ceremony it had been retweeted over 2 million times, less than 24 hours later, it had been retweeted over 2.8 million times. It beat the previous record, 778,801, which was held by Barack Obama, following his victory in the 2012 presidential election.
U.S. President Barack Obama made news headlines during Nelson Mandela's memorial celebration at Johannesburg's FNB Stadium with various world leaders, as he was snapped taking a selfie and sharing smiles with Danish Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt, and later with British Prime Minister David Cameron, as they gathered to pay tribute to Mandela. The decision to take the selfies was considered to be in poor taste, as British political columnist Iain Martin critiqued the behaviour as "clowning around like muppets". The photos also depict the First Lady Michelle Obama sitting next to them looking "furious and mortified". Despite the criticism, Roberto Schmidt, the photographer who captured the photos taken at the celebration, reported to the Today show it was taken at "a jovial, celebratory portion of the service".
In India, BJP Prime Ministerial candidate Narendra Modi posted a selfie on Twitter after voting in Gandhinagar, India. The post became a major trending item on the micro-blogging platform. In July 2014, the Swiss government became the first to take and post a picture of an entire national government (the picture was taken by one of the seven members of the government, Alain Berset).
The Portuguese President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa is known to pose for several selfies in public appearances, once even claiming to have posed for "over 1500 selfies" in three days, during which he estimated to have greeted about four thousand people – the social media phenomenon has coined the term "Marcelfie" to refer to these. Most notably, the President posed for a selfie with Prime Minister António Costa in the Paris City Hall, during the Portugal Day ceremonies there on 10 June 2016.
In January 2014, Business Insider published a story referring to selfies of groups as usies. A photograph of Pope Francis with visitors to the Vatican was called an usie by The Daily Dot, and TMZ has used the term to describe a selfie taken of celebrity couple Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez.
The term "groufie" has been trademarked by Chinese phone manufacturer Huawei Technologies in China, France, Germany, Russia, and the U.S. The word was introduced during the launch of its Ascend P7smartphone in 2014. Huawei defines the groufie as a panoramic selfie involving multiple subjects, as well as background scenery, captured using the front facing, 8-megapixel camera and panorama capabilities of its phones.
Another term for a group selfie is "wefie", originally trademarked by Samsung in the U.S. to promote the wide-angle lens of its NX series of cameras.
Devices for holding smartphones or compact cameras called selfie sticks are often used when taking group selfies, as they allow a wider, more panoramic image capture.
Another option for taking selfies from a distance beyond one's arm is a drone. Selfies made with a drone are also called dronies. The concept of taking a dronie first entered the mainstream in 2014 and coincided with a relatively sudden increase in the availability of relatively cheap, camera bearing multicopter drones. In 2014, the Nixie drone was designed to serve as a "personal photographer".
Psychology and neuroscience
First, Farace, van Laer, de Ruyter, and Wetzels describe three photography techniques with which people are more likely to engage: first-person perspective, action, and person rather than 'just' selfies and adaptation into artfulness.
According to a study performed by Nicola Bruno and Marco Bertamini at the University of Parma, selfies by non-professional photographers show a slight bias for showing the left cheek of the selfie-taker. This is similar to observations of portraits by professional painters from many historical periods and styles, indicating that the left cheek bias may be rooted in asymmetries of brain lateralization that are well documented within cognitive neuroscience. In a second study, the same group tested if selfie takers without training in photography spontaneously adhere to widely prescribed rules of photographic composition, such as the rule of thirds. It seems that they do not, suggesting that these rules may be conventional rather than hardwired in the brain's perceptual preferences.
A 2016 study examining the relationship between personality and selfie-posting behaviors suggests that extroversion and social exhibitionism positively predict frequency of selfie posting, whereas self-esteem is generally unrelated to selfie-posting behaviors.
Selfitis is a condition described as the obsessive taking of selfies, although it is currently not listed as a mental disorder in the DSM-5.
Obsessive taking of selfies and posting to social media has been found to be linked to many symptoms common to mental disorders. These include narcissism, low self-esteem, loneliness, self-centeredness, and attention-seeking behaviors.
Injuries while taking photos
Further information: List of selfie-related injuries and deaths
The first known selfie-related death occurred 15 March 2014, when a man electrocuted himself on top of a train.
2014, 'The Year of the Selfie', was also the year Makati and Pasig, 'Selfie Capital of the World', saw their first selfie-related death when a 14-year-old girl fell from the 3rd floor staircase landing to the 2nd.
In 2015 it was reported that more people had been killed taking selfies that year than by shark attacks. Other publications have debated that analysis. Takers of selfie photographs have fallen to their deaths while losing their balance in a precarious position, and others have been wounded or killed while posing with handguns which have accidentally fired.
Concerned about the increasing number of incidents in Russia where attempts to set up a unique selfie had led to injuries and deaths, the Russian Ministry of the Interior released a "Selfie Safety Guide" in 2015 that warned selfie enthusiasts about some common dangerous behaviors.Moscow, Russia's most active selfie-taking city, is estimated to have 8 selfie-takers per 100,000 people, and ranks 301st among cities worldwide.
A 2015 study showed that 20% of young Britons had taken selfies while driving a car.Manchester has the highest amount of selfie-takers per capita in Great Britain with 114 per 100,000 people, and ranks 7th internationally. The Italian chief of state police expressed concern over the same phenomenon in Italy on the occasion of the launch of a short film with the title "Selfie".Milan is the 8th most active selfie-taking city in the world with 108 selfie-takers per 100,000 people.
According to Professor Amanda du Preez, there are least three types of selfie pictures documenting death, selfies unknowingly taken before death, where the taker's death is almost witnessed, or where the taker stands by while someone else dies.
In 2019 a teen left an imprint on the ground where he landed after falling more than four stories while attempting to take a selfie with his friends on a bridge in Dallas, TX. He had multiple serious injuries, but he survived.
Facial distortion effect
Because they are typically taken much closer to the subject's face than a conventional photograph, phone selfies tend to distort the subject's face. When conventional photographers take headshots, they typically use a narrower lens (or zoom in) and stand at a normal distance, instead of getting physically closer to the subject's face. Front-facing cell phone cameras, on the other hand, feature wide-angle lenses and are held closer to the face, since the human arm is only so long. This results in extension distortion, where objects closer to the camera appear much larger than they actually are. Though this distortion has a slimming effect, it also exaggerates the auto-photographer's nose and chin, since those parts are closer to the camera than the rest of the face.
A study published by the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery has found that selfies have altered people's perception of their faces to the point where they increased the demand for rhinoplasties (nose jobs). 42% of surgeons surveyed have noticed that patients are seeking surgeries to improve their appearance in photographs, especially selfies taken at close distance. Another study found that selfies taken at a distance of 12 inches (30 cm) can exaggerate nasal size by as much as 30%, and recommends that people take pictures from a standard distance of 5 feet (1.5 meters) to minimize perspective distortion.
- ^"selfie noun - Pronunciation - Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary at OxfordLearnersDictionaries.com". oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com.
- ^Astle, David (12 March 2021). "Why do Aussies shorten everything an itsy-bitsy-teeny-weeny bit?". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- ^Zimmer, Ben (23 November 2013). "No, a Drunken Australian Man Did Not Coin the Word Selfie". Slate.
- ^"A brief history of the selfie". ABC Science blog. ABC Online. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- ^"Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2013 is..."OxfordWords blog. Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- ^Coulthard, Charissa (7 June 2013). "Self-portraits and social media: The rise of the 'selfie'". BBC News online. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- ^ abc"A Brief History of the Selfie". Huffington Post. 15 October 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- ^"The Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2013 is… | OxfordWords blog". Blog.oxforddictionaries.com. 18 November 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- ^"Guardian". Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- ^Steinmetz, Katy (4 August 2014). "Time". Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- ^ ab"Robert Cornelius' Self-Portrait: The First Ever 'Selfie' (1839)". Public Domain Review. Open Knowledge Foundation. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- ^"Robert Cornelius, self-portrait; believed to be the earliest extant American portrait photo". Prints & Photographs Online Catalog. Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- ^"Beginners Guide To Understanding And Using A Brownie Box Camera by Peter Lutz – The Brownie Camera Page". www.brownie-camera.com.
- ^"Letters of Grand Duchess Anastasia – Blog & Alexander Palace Time Machine". www.alexanderpalace.org.
- ^Bromwich, Jonah Engel (20 November 2017). "Paris Hilton Said She Invented the Selfie. We Set Out to Find the Truth". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
- ^"warhol: self portraits". Archived from the original on 15 May 2016.
- ^"Stevie Nicks self-portraits shown for the first time: 'I never thought anyone would ever see these pictures'". The Guardian. London. 25 September 2014.
- ^ abcdefghijPan, Lu (2015). Aestheticizing Public Space: Street Visual Politics in East Asian Cities. Intellect Books. p. 107. ISBN .
- ^ abcdefgMiller, Laura (2018). "10. Purikura: Expressive Energy in Female Self-Photography". Introducing Japanese Popular Culture. Routledge. ISBN .
- ^"MINOLTA DISC-7 CAMERA, 1983". museumoftechnology.org.uk. Archived from the original on 31 January 2015.
- ^US 4530580 "Telescopic extender for supporting compact camera"
- ^Alex Scola. "Turns Out Japan Invented The 'Selfie-Stick' 20 Years Ago". Distractify. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015.
- ^ abSandbye, Mette (2018). "Selfies and Purikura as Affective, Aesthetic Labor". Exploring the Selfie: Historical, Theoretical, and Analytical Approaches to Digital Self-Photography. Springer. pp. 305–326 (310). ISBN .
- ^ ab"Harvard Asia Quarterly". Harvard Asia Quarterly. Harvard University. 7 (1–3): 32. 2003.
- ^ abcEdwards, Elizabeth F.; Hart, Janice (2004). Photographs Objects Histories: On the Materiality of Images. Psychology Press. ISBN .
- ^"Video: Japan's 'Purikura' Photo Booths Offer Snapchat-Like Filters". NPR. 3 July 2017. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ^"How 'playing Puri' paved the way for Snapchat". BBC. 23 November 2018. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
- ^"Nintendo Game Boy Camera". Nintendo Game Boy Camera. Archived from the original on 30 May 1998. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
- ^"Taking pictures with your phone". BBC News. BBC. 18 September 2001. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- ^ ab"Camera phones: A look back and forward". Computerworld. 11 May 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- ^"First mobile videophone introduced". CNN. 18 May 1999. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- ^"bogon.8m.com SelfPix". Archived from the original on 13 April 2004.
- ^"bogon.8m.com Out & About". Archived from the original on 11 October 2001.
- ^"bogon.8m.com Bogons". Archived from the original on 28 September 2001.
- ^Horatia Harrod (22 March 2009), The world's photo Album, London: Sunday Telegraph, p. 18, retrieved 20 November 2013
- ^Kate Losse. The Return of the Selfie. The New Yorker. 5 June 2013
- ^"Sony Ericsson Z1010 – World's First Phone with a Front-Facing Camera". nerdeky.com. Archived from the original on 22 October 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- ^ abAdewunmi, Bim (2 April 2013). "The rise and rise of the 'selfie'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- ^ abcMcHugh, Jillian (3 April 2013). "'Selfies' just as much for the insecure as show-offs". Bunbury Mail. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- ^"This is the First Recorded Use of #Selfie on Instagram".
- ^"Behold the First 'Selfie' Hashtag in Instagram History [PHOTO]".
- ^Steinmetz, Katy (4 December 2012). Top 10 Buzzwords – 9 Selfie, Time
- ^Melanie Hall, "Family albums fade as the young put only themselves in picture" Telegraph, 13 June 2013.
- ^Hui, Susan (7 August 2014). "Monkeys take 'selfies,' sparking copyright dispute". AP News. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- ^Leonard, Andrew (6 August 2014). "Wikipedia at war! 'Monkey selfie' sets off bizarre copyright dispute". Salon. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- ^"The 50 Best Space Photos of 2013". AOL Weather. Archived from the original on 27 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- ^"Ancient Mars lake may have supported life". Associated Press. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- ^Howell, Elizabeth (11 June 2013). "'Space Selfie' Telescope Could Hunt Alien Planets … If It Raises A Cool $2M". Universe Today. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- ^Hatch, Patrick (7 August 2014). "Wikimedia sides with monkey in photo copyright battle over macaque's selfie". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- ^Kravets, David (6 January 2016). "Judge says monkey cannot own copyright to famous selfies". Ars Technica. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
- ^Mulshine, Molly (22 October 2013). "New Selfie App Will Be Your New Fave Or Your Worst Nightmare". BetaBeat. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- ^Jenson, Wendy (31 December 2013). "The New Selfie: Feet". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- ^Lingebach, Chris (4 January 2014). "Trending: 2014 Selfie Olympics Take Over Twitter". CBS Washington. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- ^Boboltz, Sara (3 January 2014). "'Selfie Olympics' Are Here To Prove Selfies Will Only Get Crazier in 2014". Huffington Post. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- ^Stan Schroeder (10 April 2014). "This Mirror Takes Your 'Selfies' and Posts Them on Twitter". Mashable.
- ^"Statista Instagram statistics". 25 September 2017.
- ^"Snap Inc"(PDF).
- ^"Most popular social media apps in U.S."Statista.
- ^Dubois, Lou (2 November 2013). "The selfie won't die – in fact, it just got its own social network". NBC News. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- ^Houghton, David and Joinson, Adam and Caldwell, Nigel and Marder, Ben (2013) Tagger's delight? Disclosure and liking in Facebook: the effects of sharing photographs amongst multiple known social circles. Discussion Paper. University of Birmingham, Birmingham.
- ^Sharing photographs on Facebook could damage relationships, new research shows. News & events, Heriot-Watt University Edinburgh. 9 August 2013.
- ^Hills, Rachel (29 March 2013). "Ugly Is the New Pretty: How Unattractive Selfies Took Over the Internet". New York Magazine. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- ^Ireland, Judith (1 April 2016). "How selfies hijacked our sense of self". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- ^Tiidenberg, Katrin, ed. (5 April 2018). Selfies: Why We Love (and Hate) Them. Emerald Publishing Limited. doi:10.1108/9781787543577. ISBN .
- ^"The Museum of Selfies is coming to Los Angeles". ABC News. 30 March 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- ^"LA is opening a Museum of Selfies – here's what you'll find inside". www.telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- ^"LA is opening a Museum of Selfies – here's what you'll find inside". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
- ^ abMurphy, Meghan (3 April 2013). "Putting selfies under a feminist lens". Georgia Straight. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- ^Simmons, Rachel. (20 November 2013) Selfies on Instagram and Facebook are tiny bursts of girl pride. Slate.com. Retrieved on 12 March 2014.
- ^Ryan, Erin Gloria. "Selfies Aren't Empowering. They're a Cry for Help". Retrieved 16 March 2014.
- ^"7 tips for taking better selfies". CNN. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- ^Bennett, Jessica (11 August 2014). "Our Bodies, Our Selfies: The Feminist Photo Revolution". Time Magazine. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- ^Kath, Albury (2015). "Selfies, Sexts andSneaky Hats:Young people's understandings of gendered practices of self-representation". International Journal of Communication.
- ^Barnett, Emma (19 August 2013) Why sexy girl pictures online are more harmful than lads' mags. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved on 12 March 2014.
- ^ abFranco, James (26 December 2013). "The Meanings of the Selfie". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
- ^"Selfie at Oscars breaks retweet record". BBC News. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- ^ abDeGeneres, Ellen (2 March 2014). "If only Bradley's arm was longer. Best photo ever. #oscars". Twitter. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- ^ ab#BBCtrending: Selfie at Oscars breaks retweet record. Bbc.com (3 March 2014). Retrieved on 12 March 2014.
- ^Ellen DeGeneres' Selfie at Oscars Sets Retweet Record, Crashes Twitter, pictured: Jared Leto, Jennifer Lawrence, Meryl Streep, Ellen DeGeneres, Bradley Cooper, Peter Nyong'o Jr., and, second row, from left, Channing Tatum, Julia Roberts, Kevin Spacey, Brad Pitt, Lupita Nyong'o and Angelina Jolie.
- ^ abHubbard, Amy. (2 March 2014) Oscars 2014, the year of the selfie: Ellen tweet grabs retweet record. Latimes.com. Retrieved on 12 March 2014.
- ^"Barack Obama victory tweet most retweeted ever". BBC News. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
- ^"Four more years" Barack Obama on Twitter, 6 November 2012.
- ^ abcSoltis, Andy (10 December 2013). "Michelle not amused by Obama's memorial selfie". New York Post. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
- ^Swann, Elaine. "What's the etiquette of 'selfies' at funerals?". CNN. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
- ^"Narendra Modi selfie trends big on Twitter". timesofindia-economictimes. 30 April 2014.
- ^(in French) Nic Ulmi, "Selfie politique, une spécialité suisse", Le Temps, Thursday 21 August 2014, page 17.
- ^Alves, Joana Marques (9 March 2017). "#Marcelfies. Um ano em fotografias espalhadas pela internet" [#Marcelfies. A year's worth of photographs spread across the internet]. i (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- ^"A 'selfie' de Marcelo e Costa em Paris" [Marcelo and Costa's selfie in Paris]. Expresso (in Portuguese). 10 June 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- ^ abAlyson Shontell (13 January 2014). "Selfies Are Dead, It's All About The 'Usie' Now". Business Insider. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- ^Sunayana Suresh (19 March 2014). "Has the 'usie' taken over the 'selfie'?". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- ^Miles Klee (13 January 2014). "The only thing worse than 'group selfies' is what people are calling them". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- ^"Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez Take An Usie Together". TMZ. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- ^Leonid Bershidsky (8 May 2014). "Chinese Phone Maker Trademarks the 'Groufie'". Bloomberg View. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- ^ abMartin Gicheru (19 May 2014). "Huawei's Groufie versus Samsung's Wefie, which one's cooler?". TechWeez. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- ^Ansuya Harjani (8 May 2014). "The next social media buzz word: Groufie". CNBC. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- ^Alistair Charlton (7 May 2014). "Huawei Ascend P7 announced – this one's for the selfie lovers". Mobile Choice. Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- ^Matthew Sparkes (9 May 2014). "Huawei registers 'groufie' trademark". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- ^Edwin Kee (12 May 2014). "Huawei Wants 'Groufie' Trademark". Ubergizmo. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- ^"Wefie – Trademark Details". Justia Trademarks. Justia. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- ^"Wefie". LegalForce. Trademarkia, Inc. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- ^Rohan Swamy (9 March 2014). "Samsung NX mini 'wefie' focused mirrorless camera announced". NDTV. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- ^Morris, Hugh (24 July 2014). "The 'selfie' is dead. Introducing the 'dronie'". Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
- ^Flaherty, Joseph (6 October 2014). "The inventors of the wristwatch drone share their vision of the future". Wired. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- ^Farace, S., van Laer, T., de Ruyter, K., & Wetzels, M. (2017). "Assessing the effect of narrative transportation, portrayed action, and photographic style on the likelihood to comment on posted selfies." European Journal of Marketing. SSRN 2638273. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2638273.
- ^Martinez, Luis M.; Bruno, Nicola; Bertamini, Marco (2013). "Self-Portraits: Smartphones Reveal a Side Bias in Non-Artists". PLOS ONE. 8 (2): e55141. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...855141B. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055141. PMC 3566189. PMID 23405117.
- ^Bonora, M; Wieckowsk, M R; Chinopoulos, C; Kepp, O; Kroemer, G; Galluzzi, L; Pinton, P (2015). "Molecular mechanisms of cell death: central implication of ATP synthase in mitochondrial permeability transition". Oncogene. 34 (12): 1608. doi:10.1038/onc.2014.462. PMID 25790189.
- ^Bruno, Nicola; Gabriele, Valentina; Bertamini, Marco; Tasso, Tiziana (2014). "'Selfies' Reveal Systematic Deviations from Known Principles of Photographic Composition". Art & Perception. 2 (1–2): 45–58. doi:10.1163/22134913-00002027.
- ^Sorokowska, Agnieszka; Oleszkiewicz, Anna; Frackowiak, Tomasz; Pisanski, Katarzyna; Chmiel, Anna; Sorokowski, Piotr (2016). "Selfies and personality: Who posts self-portrait photographs?". Personality and Individual Differences. 90: 119–23. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.037.
- ^Balakrishnan, Janarthanan (2018). "An Exploratory Study of BSelfitis^ and the Development of the Selfitis Behavior Scale". International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 16 (3): 722–736. doi:10.1007/s11469-017-9844-x. PMC 5986832. PMID 29904329.
- ^Saroshe, Satish. "Assessment of Selfie Syndrome among the Professional Students of a Cosmopolitan City of Central India: A Cross-sectional Study". International Journal of Preventive and Public Health Sciences.
- ^Kaur, Satinder. "Selfie and mental health issues: An overview". Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing.
- ^"Man dies while taking selfie on top of train". 18 March 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- ^ abcd"The Definitive Ranking of the Selfiest Cities in the World". TIME.com. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
You will also be interested:
- Rog crosshair viii hero bios
- 2014 silverado pcv valve location
- Lexus air conditioning not working
- Transmission service required volvo s60
- E 3 pay
- 2007 hyundai elantra air filter
- Kaneohe bay marine base address
- Jeep wrangler skid plate removal
- Are clayton homes good quality
- Lego birthday cards printable free
- Sirius xm car antennas
Look up a word, learn it forever.
a photograph of a muscular man in minimal attire
a black-and-white photograph or slide
photographic print of plans or technical drawings etc.
a photograph of an attractive woman in minimal attire
a photograph or video taken at close range
a photograph made by an early photographic process; the image was produced on a silver plate sensitized to iodine and developed in mercury vapor
a photographic print that has been enlarged
a single one of a series of still transparent pictures forming a cinema, television or video film
a photograph that is printed on smooth shiny paper
a photograph of a person's head
the intermediate photograph (or photographic record) that contains information for reproducing a three-dimensional image by holography
a photograph taken from a distance
photograph reduced to the size of a dot (usually for purposes of security)
arrangement of aerial photographs forming a composite picture
a photograph of someone's face (especially one made for police records)
a photographic copy of written or printed or graphic work
a printed picture produced from a photographic negative
a photograph taken with the help of a microscope
a photographic image produced on a radiosensitive surface by radiation other than visible light (especially by X-rays or gamma rays)
an informal photograph; usually made with a small hand-held camera
a photographic record of a spectrum
two photographs taken from slightly different angles that appear three-dimensional when viewed together
a static photograph (especially one taken from a movie and used for advertising purposes)
a photograph made with a telephoto lens
a photograph transmitted and reproduced over a distance
a photograph produced with a relatively long exposure time
a photograph whose edges shade off gradually
photographs of bride and groom and their friends taken at their wedding
a consecutive series of pictures that constitutes a unit of action in a film
moving or still pictures in contrasting colors that appear three-dimensional when superimposed
a radiogram produced by radiation emitted by the specimen being photographed
a photograph from which the background has been cut away
a photocopy made on a Photostat machine
a trial photographic print from a negative
a photograph transmitted by radio waves
a radiogram made by exposing photographic film to X rays; used in medical diagnosis
spectrogram of speech; speech displayed spectrographically
a scene that is filmed but is not used in the final editing of the film