Where is brown university

Where is brown university DEFAULT

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Janet Yellen, Ira Glass, and Emma Watson have something in common: they’re all alumni of Brown University. Rhode Island’s Ivy League university has graduated leaders in medicine, technology, political science, performing arts, journalism, and numerous other fields.

Brown is perhaps most famous, academically speaking, for its open curriculum, which gives students the freedom to explore their interests without being bogged down with requirements. What does this mean? And what else is Brown known for?


Learn more Brown fun facts in this video!

Overview of Brown Admissions

Location: Providence, Rhode Island

Undergrad Enrollment: 7,

Acceptance Rate: %

Middle 50% SAT:

Middle 50% ACT:

Brown is consistently ranked in the top 20 national universities. While Brown is an Ivy League school, its admissions are a bit less academically-rigorous than the other Ivies, except for Cornell. 

After students reach a certain academic threshold, Brown really values students with unique and diverse academic interests who could most benefit from the open curriculum. For example, a strong student may seek to combine computer science and classics to use digital modeling to reconstruct ancient artifacts.

Brown also places special importance on extracurriculars and essays; they’re looking for dynamic students who are highly-involved in their passions. The university values the arts and appreciates profiles with an artistic component, such as a visual arts or creative writing portfolio. Even for prospective STEM majors, Brown values students who engage with the liberal arts.

Unique Aspects of Brown

Academics

At Brown, students can pursue one of 80 majors, or “concentrations,” as they’re known at the Ivy League institution. 

The cornerstone of a Brown education is the Open Curriculum. Under this liberal approach to education, students have no core curriculum or distribution requirements. Their only requirements for graduation are to:

  •  Complete a concentration and its associated requirements
  • Complete at least 30 courses
  • Be enrolled for at least eight semesters
  • Demonstrate competence in writing

The open curriculum allows students to explore different subjects and experiences, including those seemingly unrelated to their concentration.

If they wish, students may opt to pursue an independent concentration, which they design with faculty guidance and approval, rather than selecting an established one.

Brown is also known for its prestigious and highly selective Program in Liberal Medical Education (PLME). Through this eight-year program in undergraduate education and professional studies in medicine, students pursue either an AB or ScB degree over four years and spend the following four years working toward their MD. 

Another notable program is the Brown-RISD Dual Degree Program. Over five years, students simultaneously pursue degrees at Brown and the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), exploring both academic and artistic interests and ultimately earning both an AB or ScB from Brown and a BFA from RISD. In order to participate, students must apply to and be accepted by both institutions, along with a separate Brown|RISD Dual Degree admissions committee.

Extracurriculars

Brown offers many clubs and extracurricular activities, from A capella to academic and professional societies to comedy and improv. Some of the most popular are Sailing Club, the Social Innovation Fellowship, Queer Alliance, Brown Daily Herald, and Taekwondo Club.

The arts and political activism are particularly central to Brown’s social and extracurricular life. You’ll find many students engaging in protests and other political activities and events, as well as a number who participate in theater, visual arts, and writing groups.

Athletics don’t play a huge role in life at Brown. Last year, in an effort to increase its competitiveness in the Ivy League, the university downgraded 11 varsity teams to club status, while promoting two, co-ed sailing and women’s sailing, to varsity status.

Greek life does exist, although the scene is not as prominent as it is at some of its peer institutions.

Sours: https://blog.collegevine.com/what-is-brown-university-known-for/

Founded in , Brown is the seventh oldest university in the United States, and one of its most renowned higher education institutions. It is part of the Ivy League and, as an institution that prides itself on openness, was the first of the members to accept students from all religious affiliations.

Originally called the College of Rhode Island, Brown’s first home was Warren, Rhode Island before it relocated to College Hill, overlooking the state’s capital city Providence, in Some 34 years later, in recognition of a $5, gift from alumnus and leading Providence businessman Nicholas Brown, the university was renamed to reflect today’s title.

Today’s picturesque campus is made up of buildings over acres within walking distance of downtown Providence and close to the lively Thayer Street, Wickenden Street and Wayland Square where students and local residents mix, among ample shopping, dining and entertainment.

The university’s sports teams play under the name of the “Brown Bears”. Theodore Francis Green, a former Rhode Island governor and US senator, introduced a brown bear as the university’s mascot. Today, Bruno the Brown bear is still the university’s prime cheerleader.

A defining characteristic of the university was its introduction of the “Brown Curriculum”, which altered undergraduate education immeasurably at the institution. It was inspired by Francis Wyland, Brown’s fourth president, who argued that a student should have the freedom to “study what he chose, all that he chose, and nothing but what he chose”. The new “Open Curriculum”, which was launched in , allowed students to develop their own core curriculum rather than be bound to a prescribed “liberal arts education”. It has defined Brown’s undergraduate experience to this day.

Besides study, Brown is a leading research institution. The university has connections to seven Nobel laureates including alumni Craig C. Mello and Jerry White who won for physiology or medicine and peace respectively, and current physics faculty member Leon Cooper. Fields Medal winner David Mumford is emeritus professor of applied mathematics at the university.

Brown’s diverse student body is exemplified by notable alumni from all walks of life. From the father of American education Horace Mann and The Office star John Krasinski, to Princess Theodora of Greece and Denmark and financier and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, the university’s people are varied. Emma Watson, who played Hermione Granger in the Harry Potter films, graduated from Brown in , having transferred from the University of Oxford.

Sours: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/brown-university
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Brown University

Located in historic Providence, Rhode Island and founded in , Brown University is the seventh-oldest college in the United States. Brown is an independent, coeducational Ivy League institution comprising undergraduate and graduate programs, plus the Alpert Medical School and the School of Engineering.

With its talented and motivated student body and accomplished faculty, Brown is a leading research university that maintains a particular commitment to exceptional undergraduate instruction.

Brown’s vibrant, diverse community consists of 6, undergraduates, 2, graduate students, medical school students, more than 5, summer, visiting and online students, and nearly faculty members. Brown students come from all 50 states and more than countries.

Undergraduates pursue bachelor’s degrees in more than 70 concentrations, ranging from Egyptology to cognitive neuroscience. Anything’s possible at Brown—the university’s commitment to undergraduate freedom means students must take responsibility as architects of their courses of study.

Graduate students study in more than 70 programs. The broad scope of options vary from interdisciplinary opportunities in molecular pharmacology and physiology to a master’s program in acting and directing through the Brown/Trinity Repertory Consortium.

Continuing Education offers programs for adults, undergraduates, and high school students &#; on campus, online, and abroad. Programs include the Executive Master of Healthcare Leadership, the IE Brown Executive MBA, Undergraduate Summer Session and Pre-College Programs.

Brown students have a lot to smile about. Named by the Princeton Review as the #1 College in America for Happiest Students, Brown is frequently recognized for its global reach, many cultural events, numerous campus groups and activities, active community service programs, highly competitive athletics, and beautiful facilities located in a richly historic urban setting.

Sours: http://aicuri.org/members/brown/
Choosing Brown

Brown University

Private university in Providence, Rhode Island

This article is about the Ivy League university in Rhode Island. For the university in Arkansas, see John Brown University.

Brown University coat of arms.svg

Coat of arms

Latin: Universitas Brunensis

Former names

Rhode Island College (–)
MottoIn Deo Speramus (Latin)

Motto in&#;English

In God We Hope[1]
TypePrivateresearch university
EstablishedSeptember&#;15, ; years ago&#;()
AccreditationNECHE

Academic affiliations

Endowment$ billion ()[2]
PresidentChristina Paxson
ProvostRichard M. Locke[3]

Academic staff

[4]
Students10, (Fall )[5]
Undergraduates7, (Fall )[5]
Postgraduates3, (Fall )[5]
Location

Providence

,

Rhode Island

,

United States


41°49′37″N71°24′11″W / °N °W / ; Coordinates: 41°49′37″N71°24′11″W / °N °W / ;
CampusUrban, acres (&#;km2)
NewspaperThe Brown Daily Herald
ColorsBrown, White, & Cardinal[6]
&#;&#;&#;&#;&#;
NicknameBears

Sporting affiliations

NCAA Division I FCS – Ivy League
ECAC Hockey
EARC
EAWRC
MascotBruno the Bear
Websitebrown.edu
Brown University logo.svg

Brown University is a privateIvy Leagueresearch university in Providence, Rhode Island. Founded in as the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Brown is the seventh-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution.[7]

At its foundation, Brown was the first college in North America to accept students regardless of their religious affiliation.[8] The university is home to the oldest applied mathematics program in the United States, the oldest engineering program in the Ivy League, and the third-oldest medical program in New England.[a][9][10][11] The university was one of the early doctoral-granting U.S. institutions in the late 19th century, adding masters and doctoral studies in [8] In , Brown adopted its Open Curriculum after a period of student lobbying. The new curriculum eliminated mandatory "general education" distribution requirements, made students "the architects of their own syllabus" and allowed them to take any course for a grade of satisfactory (Pass) or no-credit (Fail) which is unrecorded on external transcripts.[12][13] In , Brown's coordinate women's institution, Pembroke College, was fully merged into the university.

Admission is among the most selective in the United States; in , the university reported an acceptance rate of %.[14]

The university comprises the College, the Graduate School, Alpert Medical School, the School of Engineering, the School of Public Health and the School of Professional Studies. Brown's international programs are organized through the Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, and the university is academically affiliated with the Marine Biological Laboratory and the Rhode Island School of Design. In conjunction with the Rhode Island School of Design, Brown offers undergraduate and graduate dual degree programs.

Brown's main campus is located in the College Hill neighborhood of Providence, Rhode Island. The university is surrounded by a federally listed architectural district with a dense concentration of Colonial-era buildings. Benefit Street, which runs along the western edge of the campus, contains one of the richest concentrations of 17th and 18th century architecture in the United States.[15][16]

As of November [update], nine Nobel Prize winners have been affiliated with Brown as alumni, faculty, or researchers, as well as seven National Humanities Medalists[b] and ten National Medal of Science laureates. Other notable alumni include 32 Pulitzer Prize winners, 18 billionaires,[c] one U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice, four U.S. Secretaries of State, 99 members of the United States Congress,[21] 57 Rhodes Scholars,[22] 20 MacArthur Genius Fellows,[d] and 37 Olympic medalists.[23]

History[edit]

Main article: History of Brown University

The foundation and the charter[edit]

In , three residents of Newport, Rhode Island, drafted a petition to the colony's General Assembly:[24]

That your Petitioners propose to open a literary institution or School for instructing young Gentlemen in the Languages, Mathematics, Geography & History, & such other branches of Knowledge as shall be desired. That for this End it will be necessary to erect a public Building or Buildings for the boarding of the youth & the Residence of the Professors.

The three petitioners were Ezra Stiles, pastor of Newport's Second Congregational Church and future president of Yale University; William Ellery, Jr., future signer of the United States Declaration of Independence; and Josias Lyndon, future governor of the colony. Stiles and Ellery later served as co-authors of the college's charter two years later. The editor of Stiles's papers observes, "This draft of a petition connects itself with other evidence of Dr. Stiles's project for a Collegiate Institution in Rhode Island, before the charter of what became Brown University."[24][25][8]

The Philadelphia Association of Baptist Churches were also interested in establishing a college in Rhode Island—home of the mother church of their denomination. At the time, the Baptists were unrepresented among the colonial colleges; the Congregationalists had Harvard and Yale, the Presbyterians had the College of New Jersey (later Princeton), and the Episcopalians had the College of William and Mary and King's College (later Columbia). Isaac Backus, a historian of the New England Baptists and an inaugural trustee of Brown, wrote of the October resolution taken at Philadelphia:[8]

The Philadelphia Association obtained such an acquaintance with our affairs, as to bring them to an apprehension that it was practicable and expedient to erect a college in the Colony of Rhode-Island, under the chief direction of the Baptists; Mr. James Manning, who took his first degree in New-Jersey college in September, , was esteemed a suitable leader in this important work.

James Manning arrived at Newport in July and was introduced to Stiles, who agreed to write the charter for the college. Stiles' first draft was read to the General Assembly in August and rejected by Baptist members who worried that their denomination would be underrepresented in the College Board of Fellows. A revised charter written by Stiles and Ellery was adopted by the Rhode Island General Assembly on March 3, , in East Greenwich.[26]

In September , the inaugural meeting of the corporation—the college's governing body—was held in Newport's Old Colony House. Governor Stephen Hopkins was chosen chancellor, former and future governor Samuel Ward vice chancellor, John Tillinghast treasurer, and Thomas Eyres secretary. The charter stipulated that the board of trustees should be composed of 22 Baptists, five Quakers, five Episcopalians, and four Congregationalists. Of the 12 Fellows, eight should be Baptists—including the college president—"and the rest indifferently of any or all Denominations."[8]

At the time of its creation, Brown's charter was a uniquely progressive document.[27] Other colleges had curricular strictures against opposing doctrines, while Brown's charter asserted, "Sectarian differences of opinions, shall not make any Part of the Public and Classical Instruction." The document additionally "recognized more broadly and fundamentally than any other [university charter] the principle of denominational cooperation."[8] The oft-repeated statement that Brown's charter alone prohibited a religious test for College membership is inaccurate; other college charters were similarly liberal in that particular.[28]

This engraving is the first published image of Brown. University Hallstands on right while the President's House sits on the left.

The college was founded as Rhode Island College, at the site of the First Baptist Church in Warren, Rhode Island.[29] James Manning was sworn in as the college's first president in and remained in the role until In , the college authorized Rev. Morgan Edwards to travel to Europe to "solicit Benefactions for this Institution." During his year-and-a-half stay in the British Isles, the reverend secured funding from benefactors including Thomas Penn and Benjamin Franklin.[28]

In , the college moved from Warren to Providence. To establish a campus, John and Moses Brown purchased a four-acre lot on the crest of College Hill on behalf of the school. The majority of the property fell within the bounds of the original home lot of Chad Brown, an ancestor of the Browns and one of the original proprietors of Providence Plantations.[30] After the college was relocated to the city, work began on constructing its first building.

A building committee, organized by the corporation, developed plans for the college's first purpose-built edifice, finalizing a design on February 9, The subsequent structure, referred to as "The College Edifice" and later as University Hall, may have been modeled on Nassau Hall, built 14 years prior at the College of New Jersey. President Manning, an active member of the building process, was educated at Princeton and might have suggested that Brown's first building resemble that of his alma mater.[31]

The Brown family[edit]

Following the gift of Nicholas Brown, Jr. (Class of ), the university was renamed in his honor

Nicholas Brown, a slave trader, his son Nicholas Brown, Jr. (Class of ), John Brown, Joseph Brown, and abolitionist Moses Brown were instrumental in moving the college to Providence, constructing its first building, and securing its endowment. Joseph became a professor of natural philosophy at the college; John served as its treasurer from to ; and Nicholas Jr. succeeded his uncle as treasurer from to [32]

On September 8, , the corporation voted, "That the donation of $ Dollars, if made to this College within one Year from the late Commencement, shall entitle the donor to name the College." The following year, the appeal was answered by College treasurer Nicholas Brown, Jr. In a letter dated September 6, , Brown committed "a donation of Five Thousand Dollars to Rhode Island College, to remain in perpetuity as a fund for the establishment of a Professorship of Oratory and Belles Letters." In recognition of the gift, the corporation on the same day voted, "That this College be called and known in all future time by the Name of Brown University."[33] Over the years, the benefactions of Nicholas Brown, Jr., totaled nearly $, and included funds for building Hope College (–22) and Manning Hall (–35).

In , the John Carter Brown Library was established as an independently funded research library on Brown's campus; the library's collection was founded on that of John Carter Brown, son of Nicholas Brown, Jr.

The Brown family was involved in various business ventures in Rhode Island, and accrued wealth both directly and indirectly from the transatlantic slave trade. The family was divided on the issue of slavery. John Brown had defended slavery, while Moses and Nicholas Brown Jr. were fervent abolitionists.

In under the tenure of President Ruth Simmons, the university established a steering committee to investigate these ties of the university to slavery and recommend a strategy to address them.[34]

The American Revolution[edit]

With British vessels patrolling Narragansett Bay in the fall of , the college library was moved out of Providence for safekeeping. During the subsequent American Revolutionary War, Brown's University Hall was used to house French and other revolutionary troops led by General George Washington and the Comte de Rochambeau as they waited to commence the march of that led to the Siege of Yorktown and the Battle of the Chesapeake. This has been celebrated as marking the defeat of the British and end of the war. The building functioned as barracks and hospital from December 10, , to April 20, , and as a hospital for French troops from June 26, , to May 27, [8]

A number of Brown's founders and alumni played roles in the American Revolution and subsequent founding of the United States. Brown's first chancellor, Stephen Hopkins, served as a delegate to the Colonial Congress in Albany in and to the Continental Congress from to James Manning represented Rhode Island at the Congress of the Confederation, while concurrently serving as Brown's first president.[35] Two of Brown's founders, William Ellery and Stephen Hopkins signed the Declaration of Independence.

James Mitchell Varnum, who graduated from Brown with honors in , served as one of General George Washington's Continental Armybrigadier generals and later as major general in command of the entire Rhode Island militia. Varnum is noted as the founder and commander of the 1st Rhode Island Regiment, widely regarded as the first Black battalion in U.S. military history.[36]David Howell, who graduated with an A.M. in , served as a delegate to the Continental Congress from to

[edit]

Main article: List of Presidents of Brown University

Nineteen individuals have served as presidents of the university since its founding in Since , Christina Hull Paxson has served as president. Paxson had previously served as dean of Princeton University'sSchool of Public and International Affairs and chair of Princeton's economics department.[37] Paxson's immediate predecessor, Ruth Simmons, is noted as the first African American president of an Ivy League institution.[38] Other presidents of note include academic, Vartan Gregorian and philosopher and economist, Francis Wayland.

The New Curriculum[edit]

Main article: Open Curriculum (Brown University)

In , the first Group Independent Study Project (GISP) at Brown was formed, involving 80 students and 15 professors. The GISP was inspired by student-initiated experimental schools, especially San Francisco State College, and sought ways to "put students at the center of their education" and "teach students how to think rather than just teaching facts."[39]

Members of the GISP, Ira Magaziner and Elliot Maxwell published a paper of their findings entitled, "Draft of a Working Paper for Education at Brown University."[40][39] The paper made proposals for a new curriculum, including interdisciplinary freshman-year courses that would introduce "modes of thought," with instruction from faculty from different disciplines as well as for an end to letter grades. The following year Magaziner began organizing the student body to press for the reforms, organizing discussions and protests.[41]

In , University President Ray Heffner established a Special Committee on Curricular Philosophy. Composed of administrators, the committee was tasked with developing specific reforms and producing recommendations. A report, produced by the committee, was presented to the faculty, which voted the New Curriculum into existence on May 7, Its key features included:[42]

  • Modes of Thought courses for first-year students
  • The introduction of interdisciplinary courses
  • The abandonment of "general education" distribution requirements
  • The Satisfactory/No Credit (S/NC) grading option
  • The ABC/No Credit grading system, which eliminated pluses, minuses, and D's; a grade of "No Credit" (equivalent to F's at other institutions) would not appear on external transcripts.

The Modes of Thought course was discontinued early on, but the other elements remain in place. In , the reintroduction of plus/minus grading was proposed in response to concerns regarding grade inflation. The idea was rejected by the College Curriculum Council after canvassing alumni, faculty, and students, including the original authors of the Magaziner-Maxwell Report.[43]

Slavery and Justice report[edit]

The Slavery and Justice report prompted the establishment of Brown's Center for the Study of Slavery and Justice

In , then-university president Ruth Simmons launched a steering committee to research Brown's eighteenth-century ties to slavery. In October , the committee released a report documenting its findings.[44][45]

Entitled "Slavery and Justice," the document detailed the ways in which the university benefited both directly and indirectly from the transatlantic slave trade and the labor of enslaved people. The report also included seven recommendations for how the university should address this legacy.[46] Brown has since completed a number of these recommendations including the establishment of its Center for the Study of Slavery and Justice, the construction of its Slavery Memorial, and the funding of a $10 million permanent endowment for Providence Public Schools.[46][47]

The Slavery and Justice report marked the first major effort by an American university to address its ties to slavery, and prompted other institutions to undertake similar processes.[48][49]

Coat of arms[edit]

Main article: Coat of Arms of Brown University

Brown's coat of arms was created in The prior year, president Francis Wayland had commissioned a committee to update the school's original seal to match the name the university had adopted in Central in the coat of arms is a white escutcheon divided into four sectors by a red cross; within each sector is an open book. Above the shield is a crest consisting of the upper half of a sun in splendor among the clouds atop a red and white torse.[50]

Campus[edit]

Brown is the largest institutional landowner in Providence, with properties on College Hill and in the Jewelry District.[51] The university was built contemporaneously with the eighteenth and nineteenth century precincts surrounding it, making Brown's campus tightly integrated Providence's urban fabric. Among the noted architects who have shaped Brown's campus are McKim, Mead & White, Philip Johnson, Rafael Viñoly, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, and Robert A. M. Stern.[52]

Main campus[edit]

Further information: List of Brown University buildings

Brown's main campus, comprises buildings and acres (&#;km2) in the East Side neighborhood of College Hill. The university's central campus sits on a acre (hectare) block bounded by Waterman, Prospect, George, and Thayer Streets; newer buildings extend northward, eastward, and southward. Brown's core, historic campus, constructed primary between and , is defined by three greens: the Front or Quiet Green, the Middle or College Green, and the Ruth J. Simmons Quadrangle (historically known as Lincoln Field).[53][54] A brick and wrought-iron fence punctuated by decorative gates and arches traces the block's perimeter. This section of campus is primarily Georgian and Richardsonian Romanesque in its architectural character.[53]

To the south of the central campus are academic buildings and residential quadrangles, including Wriston, Keeney, and Gregorian quadrangles. Immediately to the east of the campus core sit Sciences Park and Brown's School of Engineering. North of the central campus are performing and visual arts facilities, life sciences labs, and the Pembroke Campus, which houses both dormitories and academic buildings. Facing the western edge of the central campus sit two of the Brown's seven libraries, the John Hay Library and the John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library.

The university's campus is contiguous that of the Rhode Island School of Design, which is located immediately to Brown's west, along the slope of College Hill.

Van Wickle Gates[edit]

Main article: Van Wickle Gates

Built in , the Van Wickle Gates are a set of wrought iron gates that stand at the western edge of Brown's campus. The larger main gate is flanked by two smaller side gates. At Convocation the central gate opens inward to admit the procession of new students; at Commencement, the gate opens outward for the procession of graduates.[55] A Brown superstition holds that students who walk through the central gate a second time prematurely will not graduate, although walking backward is said to cancel the hex.

John Hay Library[edit]

Main article: John Hay Library

The John Hay Libraryis home to rare books, special collections, and the university archives

The John Hay Library is the second oldest library on campus.[56] Opened in , the library is named for John Hay (class of ), private secretary to Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of State under William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. The construction of the building was funded in large part by Hay's friend, Andrew Carnegie, who contributed half of the $, cost of construction.[57]

The John Hay Library serves as the repository of the university's archives, rare books and manuscripts, and special collections. Noteworthy among the latter are the Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection[58] (described as "the foremost American collection of material devoted to the history and iconography of soldiers and soldiering"),[59] the Harris Collection of American Poetry and Plays (described as "the largest and most comprehensive collection of its kind in any research library"), the Lownes Collection of the History of Science (described as "one of the three most important private collections of books of science in America"), and the papers of H. P. Lovecraft. The Hay Library is home to one of the broadest collections of incunabula in the Americas, one of Brown's two Shakespeare First Folios, the manuscript of George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four, and three books bound in human skin.[60]

John Carter Brown Library[edit]

Main article: John Carter Brown Library

Founded in , the John Carter Brown Library is generally regarded as the world's leading collection of primary historical sources relating to the exploration and colonization of the Americas. While administered and funded separately from the university, the library has been owned by Brown and located on its campus since [63]

The library contains the best preserved of the eleven surviving copies of the Bay Psalm Book—the earliest extant book printed in British North America and the most expensive printed book in the world.[64] Other holdings include a Shakespeare First Folio and the world's largest collection of 16th century Mexican texts.[65]

The galleries of Brown's anthropology museum, the Haffenreffer, are located in Manning Hall

Haffenreffer Museum[edit]

Main article: Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology

The exhibition galleries of the Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown's teaching museum, are located in Manning Hall on the campus's main green. Its one million artifacts, available for research and educational purposes, are located at its Collections Research Center in Bristol, Rhode Island.[66] The museum's goal is to inspire creative and critical thinking about culture by fostering an interdisciplinary understanding of the material world. It provides opportunities for faculty and students to work with collections and the public, teaching through objects and programs in classrooms and exhibitions. The museum sponsors lectures and events in all areas of anthropology, and also runs an extensive program of outreach to local schools.

Annmary Brown Memorial[edit]

Main article: Annmary Brown Memorial

The Annmary Brown Memorial was constructed from to by the politician, Civil War veteran, and book collector General Rush Hawkins, as a mausoleum for his wife, Annmary Brown, a member of the Brown family. In addition to its crypt—the final repository for Brown and Hawkins—the Memorial includes works of art from Hawkins's private collection, including paintings by Angelica Kauffman, Peter Paul Rubens, Gilbert Stuart, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Benjamin West, and Eastman Johnson, among others. His collection of over incunabula was relocated to the John Hay Library in [67] Today the Memorial is home to Brown's Medieval Studies and Renaissance Studies programs.

The Walk[edit]

The Walk, a landscaped pedestrian corridor, connects the Pembroke Campus to the main campus. It runs parallel to Thayer Street and serves as a primary axis of campus, extending from Ruth Simmons Quadrangle at its southern terminus to the Meeting Street entrance to the Pembroke Campus at its northern end.[68][69] The walk is bordered by departmental buildings as well as Brown's Performing Arts Center and Granoff Center for the Creative Arts

The corridor is home to public art including sculptures by Maya Lin and Tom Friedman.[70]

Pembroke campus[edit]

Three dormitories, Metcalf Hall (), Andrews Hall (), and Miller Hall (), formed the heart of Pembroke College and now serve as freshman residences

The Women's College in Brown University, known as Pembroke College, was founded in October Upon its merger with the College of Brown University, Pembroke's campus was absorbed into the larger Brown campus. The Pembroke campus is bordered by Meeting, Brown, Bowen, and Thayer Streets and sits three blocks north of Brown's central campus. The campus is dominated by brick architecture, largely of the Georgian and Victorian styles. The west side of the quadrangle comprises Pembroke Hall (), Smith-Buonanno Hall (), and Metcalf Hall (), while the east side comprises Alumnae Hall () and Miller Hall (). The quadrangle culminates on the north with Andrews Hall ().

East Campus, centered on Hope and Charlesfield streets, originally served as the campus of Bryant University. In , as Bryant was preparing to relocate to Smithfield, Rhode Island, Brown purchased their Providence campus for $5 million. The transaction expanded the Brown campus by 10 acres (40,&#;m2) and 26 buildings. In , Brown renamed the area East Campus.[71] Today, the area is largely used for dormitories.

Thayer Street runs through Brown's main campus. As commercial corridor frequented by students, Thayer is comparable to Harvard Square or Berkeley's Telegraph Avenue. Wickenden Street, in the adjacent Fox Point neighborhood, is another commercial street similarly popular among students.

Built in , Brown Stadium—the home of the school's football team—is located approximately a mile and a half northeast of the university's central campus.[72] Marston Boathouse, the home of Brown's crew teams, lies on the Seekonk River, to the southeast of campus. Brown's sailing teams are based out of the Ted Turner Sailing Pavilion at the Edgewood Yacht Club in adjacent Cranston.

Since , Brown's Warren Alpert Medical School has been located in Providence's historic Jewelry District, near the medical campus of Brown's teaching hospitals, Rhode Island Hospital and the Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island. Other university facilities, including molecular medicine labs and administrative offices, are likewise located in the area.[73][74]

Brown's School of Public Health occupies a landmark modernist building along the Providence River. Other Brown properties include the acre (&#;km2) Mount Hope Grant in Bristol, Rhode Island, an important Native American site noted as a location of King Philip's War. Brown's Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology Collection Research Center, particularly strong in Native American items, is located in the Mount Hope Grant.

Sustainability[edit]

Brown's Building for Environmental Research recycles rainwater and received a LEED Goldrating.[75]

Brown has committed to "minimize its energy use, reduce negative environmental impacts and promote environmental stewardship."[76] Since , the university has required all new buildings meet LEED silver standards.[77] Between and , Brown reduced its greenhouse emissions by 27 percent; the majority of this reduction is attributable to the university's Thermal Efficiency Project which converted its central heating plant from a steam-powered system to a hot water-powered system.[78]

In , Brown announced it had sold 90 percent of its fossil fuel investments as part of a broader divestment from direct investments and managed funds that focus on fossil fuels.[79] In , the university adopted the goal of reducing quantifiable campus emissions by 75 percent by and achieving carbon neutrality by [80]

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Brown would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak () with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25).[81]

Academics[edit]

The College[edit]

Main article: College of Brown University

Since , the College of Brown University has been located on College Hill in Providence, Rhode Island

Founded in , the college is Brown's oldest school. About 7, undergraduate students are enrolled in the college, and 81 concentrations are offered. For the graduating class of the most popular concentrations were Computer Science, Economics, Biology, History, Applied Mathematics, International Relations, and Political Science. A quarter of Brown undergraduates complete more than one concentration before graduating.[82] If the existing programs do not align with their intended curricular interests, undergraduates may design and pursue independent concentrations.[83]

35 percent of undergraduates pursue graduate or professional study immediately, 60 percent within 5 years, and 80 percent within 10 years.[84] For the Class of , 56 percent of all undergraduate alumni have since earned graduate degrees. Among undergraduate alumni who go on to receive graduate degrees, the most common degrees earned are J.D. (16%), M.D. (14%), M.A. (14%), M.Sc. (14%), and Ph.D. (11%). The most common institutions from which undergraduate alumni earn graduate degrees are Brown University, Columbia University, and Harvard University.[85]

The highest fields of employment for undergraduate alumni ten years after graduation are education and higher education (15%), medicine (9%), business and finance (9%), law (8%), and computing and technology (7%).[85]

Brown and RISD[edit]

The List Art Center, built –71, designed by Philip Johnson, houses Brown's Department of Visual Art and the David Winton Bell Gallery

Since its relocation to College Hill, Rhode Island School of Design (RISD) has bordered Brown to its west. Since , Brown and RISD students have been able to cross-register at the two institutions, with Brown students permitted to take as many as four courses at RISD to count towards their Brown degree.[86] The two institutions partner to provide various student-life services and the two student bodies compose a synergy in the College Hill cultural scene.

Brown|RISD Dual Degree Program[edit]

After several years of discussion between the two institutions and several students pursuing dual degrees unofficially, Brown and RISD formally established a five-year dual degree program in , with the first class matriculating in the fall of [87] The Brown|RISD Dual Degree Program, among the most selective in the country, offered admission to 20 of the applicants for the class entering in autumn , for an acceptance rate of %.[88] The program combines the complementary strengths of the two institutions, integrating studio art and design at RISD with Brown's academic offerings. Students are admitted to the Dual Degree Program for a course lasting five years and culminating in both the Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) or Bachelor of Science (Sc.B.) degree from Brown and the Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.) degree from RISD. Prospective students must apply to the two schools separately and be accepted by separate admissions committees. Their application must then be approved by a third Brown|RISD joint committee.

Admitted students spend the first year in residence at RISD completing its first-year Experimental and Foundation Studies curriculum, while taking up to three Brown classes. The second year is spent in residence at Brown, during which students take mainly Brown courses while starting on their RISD major requirements. In the third, fourth, and fifth years, students can elect to live at either school or off-campus, and course distribution is determined by the requirements of each student's unique combination of Brown concentration and RISD major. Program participants are noted for their creative and original approach to cross-disciplinary opportunities, combining, for example, industrial design with engineering, or anatomical illustration with human biology, or philosophy with sculpture, or architecture with urban studies. An annual "BRDD Exhibition" is a well-publicized and heavily attended event, drawing interest and attendees from the wider world of industry, design, the media, and the fine arts.

MADE Program[edit]

In , the two schools announced the establishment of a new joint Master of Arts in design engineering program. Abbreviated as MADE, the program intends to combine RISD's programs in industrial design with Brown's programs in engineering. The program is administered through Brown's School of Engineering and RISD's Architecture and Design Division.[89]

Theatre and playwriting[edit]

Lyman Hall, built –92, houses the Department of Theatre Arts and Performance Studies

Brown's theatre and playwriting programs are among the best-regarded in the country.[90][91] Six Brown graduates have received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama; Alfred Uhry '58, Lynn Nottage '86, Ayad Akhtar '93, Nilo Cruz '94, Quiara Alegría Hudes '04, and Jackie Sibblies Drury MFA '[92] In American Theater magazine's ranking of the most-produced American plays, Brown graduates occupied four of the top five places—Peter Nachtrieb '97, Rachel Sheinkin '89, Sarah Ruhl '97, and Stephen Karam '[93][94]

The undergraduate concentration encompasses programs in theatre history, performance theory, playwriting, dramaturgy, acting, directing, dance, speech, and technical production. Applications for doctoral and master's degree programs are made through the University Graduate School. Master's degrees in acting and directing are pursued in conjunction with the Brown/Trinity Rep MFA program, which partners with the Trinity Repertory Company, a local regional theatre.[95]

Aerial view of the Brown University English department

Writing programs[edit]

Writing at Brown—fiction, non-fiction, poetry, playwriting, screenwriting, electronic writing, mixed media, and the undergraduate writing proficiency requirement—is catered for by various centers and degree programs, and a faculty that has long included nationally and internationally known authors. The undergraduate concentration in literary arts offers courses in fiction, poetry, screenwriting, literary hypermedia, and translation. Graduate programs include the fiction and poetry MFA writing programs in the literary arts department, and the MFA playwriting program in the theatre arts and performance studies department. The non-fiction writing program is offered in the English department. Screenwriting and cinema narrativity courses are offered in the departments of literary arts and modern culture and media. The undergraduate writing proficiency requirement is supported by the Writing Center.

Author prizewinners[edit]

Alumni authors take their degrees across the spectrum of degree concentrations, but a gauge of the strength of writing at Brown is the number of major national writing prizes won. To note only winners since the year Pulitzer Prize for Fiction-winners Jeffrey Eugenides '82 (), Marilynne Robinson '66 (), and Andrew Sean Greer '92 (); British Orange Prize-winners Marilynne Robinson '66 () and Madeline Miller '00 (); Pulitzer Prize for Drama-winners Nilo Cruz '94 (), Lynn Nottage '86 (twice, , ), Quiara Alegría Hudes '04 (), Ayad Akhtar '93 (), and Jackie Sibblies Drury MFA '04 (); Pulitzer Prize for Biography-winners David Kertzer '69 () and Benjamin Moser '98 (); Pulitzer Prize for Journalism-winners James Risen '77 (twice, , ), Mark Maremont '80 (twice, , ), Gareth Cook '91 (), Tony Horwitz '80 (), Peter Kovacs '77 (twice, , ), Stephanie Grace '86 (), Mary Swerczek '98 (), Jane B. Spencer '99 (), Usha Lee McFarling '89 (), James Bandler '89 (), Amy Goldstein '75 (), David Rohde '90 (twice, , ), Kathryn Schulz '96 (), Alissa J. Rubin '80 (), Rebecca Ballhaus '13 (); Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction-winner James Forman Jr. '88 (), Pulitzer Prize for History-winner Marcia Chatelain PhD '08 (), as well as Pulitzer Prize for Poetry-winner Peter Balakian PhD '80 ()[96][97]

Computer science[edit]

Brown began offering computer science courses through the departments of Economics and Applied Mathematics in when it acquired an IBM machine. Brown added an IBM in January , the only one of its type between Hartford and Boston. In , Brown opened its first dedicated computer building. The facility, designed by Philip Johnson, received an IBM computer the following year. Brown granted computer sciences full Departmental status in In , IBM and Brown announced the installation of a supercomputer (by teraflops standards), the most powerful in the southeastern New England region.[98]

In the s, Andries van Dam along with Ted Nelson, and Bob Wallace invented The Hypertext Editing Systems, HES and FRESS while at Brown. Nelson coined the word hypertext while Van Dam's students helped originate XML, XSLT, and related Web standards. Among the school's computer science alumni are principal architect of the Classic Mac OS, Andy Hertzfeld, principal architect of the Intel and Intel microprocessors, John Crawford, former CEO of Apple, John Sculley, and digital effects programer Masi Oka.[99][] Other alumni include former CS department head at MIT, John Guttag, Workday founder, Aneel Bhusri, and MongoDB founder Eliot Horowitz.[]

The character "Andy" in the animated film Toy Story purportedly an homage to professor Van Dam from his students employed at Pixar.[]

Between and , the number of concentrators in CS tripled.[] In , computer science overtook economics as the school's most popular undergraduate concentration.[]

Applied mathematics[edit]

Brown's program in applied mathematics was established in making it the oldest such program the United States.[9][] The division is highly ranked and regarded nationally and internationally.[][] Among the 67 recipients of the Timoshenko Medal, 22 have been affiliated with Brown's applied mathematics division as faculty, researchers, or students.[e]

The Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World[edit]

Main article: Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World

Established in , the Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World is Brown's interdisciplinary research center for archeology and ancient studies. The institute pursues fieldwork, excavations, regional surveys, and academic study of the archaeology and art of the ancient Mediterranean, Egypt, and Western Asia from the Levant to the Caucasus.[] The institute has a very active fieldwork profile, with faculty-led excavations and regional surveys presently in Petra (Jordan), Abydos (Egypt), Turkey, Sudan, Italy, Mexico, Guatemala, Montserrat, and Providence.

The Joukowsky Institute's faculty includes cross-appointments from the departments of Egyptology, Assyriology, Classics, Anthropology, and History of Art and Architecture. Faculty research and publication areas include Greek and Roman art and architecture, landscape archaeology, urban and religious architecture of the Levant, Roman provincial studies, the Aegean Bronze Age, and the archaeology of the Caucasus. The institute offers visiting teaching appointments and postdoctoral fellowships which have, in recent years, included Near Eastern Archaeology and Art, Classical Archaeology and Art, Islamic Archaeology and Art, and Archaeology and Media Studies.

Egyptology and Assyriology

Facing the Joukowsky Institute, across the Front Green, is the Department of Egyptology and Assyriology, formed in by the merger of Brown's departments of Egyptology and History of Mathematics. It is one of only a handful of such departments in the United States.[] The curricular focus is on three principal areas: Egyptology, Assyriology, and the history of the ancient exact sciences (astronomy, astrology, and mathematics). Many courses in the department are open to all Brown undergraduates without prerequisite, and include archaeology, languages, history, and Egyptian and Mesopotamian religions, literature, and science. Students concentrating in the department choose a track of either Egyptology or Assyriology. Graduate level study comprises three tracks to the doctoral degree: Egyptology, Assyriology, or the History of the Exact Sciences in Antiquity.

The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs[edit]

Main article: Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs

The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown's center for the study of global issues and public affairs, is one of the leading institutes of its type in the country. The institute occupies facilities designed by Uruguayan architect Rafael Viñoly and Japanese architect Toshiko Mori. The institute was initially endowed by Thomas Watson, Jr. (Class of ), former Ambassador to the Soviet Union and longtime president of IBM.

Institute faculty and faculty emeritus include Italian prime minister and European Commission president Romano Prodi,[] Brazilian president Fernando Henrique Cardoso,[] Chilean president Ricardo Lagos Escobar,[] Mexican novelist and statesman Carlos Fuentes,[] Brazilian statesman and United Nations commission head Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro,[] Indian foreign minister and ambassador to the United States Nirupama Rao,[] American diplomat and Dayton Peace Accords author Richard Holbrooke (Class of ),[] and Sergei Khrushchev,[] editor of the papers of his father Nikita Khrushchev, leader of the Soviet Union.

The institute's curricular interest is organized into the principal themes of development, security, and governance—with further focuses on globalization, economic uncertainty, security threats, environmental degradation, and poverty. Six Brown undergraduate concentrations are hosted by the Watson Institute: Development Studies, International and Public Affairs, International Relations, Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Middle East Studies, Public Policy, and South Asian Studies. Graduate programs offered at the Watson Institute include the Graduate Program in Development (Ph.D.) and the Master of Public Affairs (M.P.A) Program. The institute also offers postdoctoral, professional development and global outreach programming. In support of these programs, the institute houses various centers, including the Brazil Initiative, Brown-India Initiative, China Initiative, Middle East Studies center, The Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CLACS) and the Taubman Center for Public Policy. In recent years, the most internationally cited product of the Watson Institute has been its Costs of War Project, first released in and continuously updated since. The project comprises a team of economists, anthropologists, political scientists, legal experts, and physicians, and seeks to calculate the economic costs, human casualties, and impact on civil liberties of the wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan since []

The School of Engineering[edit]

Main article: Brown University School of Engineering

Established in , Brown's engineering program is the oldest in the Ivy League and the third oldest civilian engineering program in the country.[f] In , Brown's departments of electrical, mechanical, and civil engineering were merged into a single Division of Engineering. In the division was elevated to a School of Engineering.[]

Engineering at Brown is especially interdisciplinary. The school is organized without the traditional departments or boundaries found at most schools, and follows a model of connectivity between disciplines—including biology, medicine, physics, chemistry, computer science, the humanities and the social sciences. The school practices an innovative clustering of faculties in which engineers team with non-engineers to bring a convergence of ideas.

IE Brown Executive MBA Dual Degree Program[edit]

Since , Brown has developed an Executive MBA program in conjunction with one of the leading Business Schools in Europe; IE Business School in Madrid. This relationship has since strengthened resulting in both institutions offering a dual degree program.[] In this partnership, Brown provides its traditional coursework while IE provides most of the business-related subjects making a differentiated alternative program to other Ivy League's EMBAs.[] The cohort typically consists of EMBA candidates from some 20 countries.[] Classes are held in Providence, Madrid, Cape Town and Online.

The Pembroke Center[edit]

Main article: Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women

The Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women was established at Brown in by Joan Wallach Scott as an interdisciplinary research center on gender.[] The center is named for Pembroke College, Brown's former women's college, and is affiliated with Brown's Sarah Doyle Women's Center. The Pembroke Center supports Brown's undergraduate concentration in Gender and Sexuality Studies, post-doctoral research fellowships, the annual Pembroke Seminar, and other academic programs. It also manages various collections, archives, and resources, including the Elizabeth Weed Feminist Theory Papers and the Christine Dunlap Farnham Archive.

The Graduate School[edit]

Main article: Brown University Graduate School

Brown introduced graduate courses in the s and granted its first advanced degrees in The university established a Graduate Department in and a full Graduate School in []

With an enrollment of approximately 2, students, the school currently offers 33 and 51 master's and doctoral programs, respectively. The school additionally offers a number of fifth-year master's programs.[] Overall, admission to the Graduate School is most competitive with an acceptance rate averaging at approximately 9 percent in recent years.

Carney Institute for Brain Science[edit]

Main article: Carney Institute for Brain Science

The Robert J. & Nancy D. Carney Institute for Brain Science is Brown's cross-departamental neuroscience research institute. The institute's core focus areas include brain-computer interfaces and computational neuroscience; additional areas of focus include research into mechanisms of cell death with the interest of developing therapies for neurodegenerative diseases.

The Carney Institute was founded by John Donoghue in as the Brown Institute for Brain Science and renamed in in recognition of a $ million gift.[] The donation, one of the largest in the university's history, established the institute as one of the best-endowed university neuroscience programs in the country.[]

Alpert Medical School[edit]

Main article: Alpert Medical School

Established in , Brown's Alpert Medical School is the fourth oldest medical school in the Ivy League.[11][g]

In , medical instruction was suspended by President Francis Wayland after the program's faculty declined to follow a new policy requiring students to live on campus. The program was reorganized in ; the first M.D. degrees from the new Program in Medicine were awarded to a graduating class of 58 students in In , the school was officially renamed the Brown University School of Medicine, then renamed once more to Brown Medical School in October [] In January , entrepreneur and philanthropist Warren Alpert donated $ million to the school. In recognition of the gift the school's name was changed to the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

In , U.S. News & World Report ranked Brown's medical school the 9th most selective in the country, with an acceptance rate of %.[]U.S. News ranks the school 38th for research and 35th for primary care.[]

Brown's medical school is known especially for its eight-year Program in Liberal Medical Education (PLME), an eight-year combined baccalaureate-M.D. medical program. Inaugurated in , the program is one of the most selective and renowned programs of its type in the country, offering admission to only of 2% of applicants in []

Since , the Early Identification Program (EIP) has encouraged Rhode Island residents to pursue careers in medicine by recruiting sophomores from Providence College, Rhode Island College, the University of Rhode Island, and Tougaloo College. In , the school once again began to accept applications from premedical students at other colleges and universities via AMCAS like most other medical schools. The medical school also offers M.D./PhD, M.D./M.P.H. and M.D./M.P.P. dual degree programs.

School of Public Health[edit]

Main article: Brown University School of Public Health

Brown's School of Public Health grew out of the Alpert Medical School's Department of Community Health and was officially founded in as an independent school.[][] The school issues undergraduate (A.B., Sc.B.), graduate (M.P.H., Sc.M., A.M.), doctoral (Ph.D.), and dual-degrees (M.P.H./M.P.A., M.D./M.P.H.).[]

Online Programs[edit]

The Brown University School of Professional Studies currently offers blended learning Executive master's degrees in Healthcare Leadership, Cyber Security, and Science and Technology Leadership.[] The master's degrees are designed to help students who have a job and life outside of academia to progress in their respective fields. The students meet in Providence every 6–7 weeks for a week seminar each trimester.

The university has also invested in MOOC development starting in , when two courses, Archeology's Dirty Little Secrets and The Fiction of Relationship, both of which received thousands of students.[] However, after a year of courses, the university broke its contract with Coursera and revamped its online persona and MOOC development department. By , the university released new courses on edx, two of which were The Ethics of Memory and Artful Medicine: Art's Power to Enrich Patient Care. In January , Brown published its first "game-ified" course called Fantastic Places, Unhuman Humans: Exploring Humanity Through Literature, which featured out of platform games to help learners understand materials, as well as a story-line that immerses users into a fictional world to help characters along their journey.[]

Admissions and financial aid[edit]

Admissions statistics
Admit rate%
(Positive decrease&#;−)
Yield rate%
(Increase&#;+)
SATEBRW
SAT Math
ACT Composite33–35
Top 10%94%
(Increase&#;+2)
Among students whose school ranked

Undergraduate[edit]

Undergraduate admission to Brown University is considered "most selective" by U.S. News & World Report.[]

For the undergraduate class of , Brown received 46, applications—the largest applicant pool in the university's history. Of these applicants, 2, were admitted for an acceptance rate of %.[] The university's yield rate for the class was 69%.[] For the academic year –20 the university received 2, transfer applications, of which % were accepted.[]

Brown's admissions policy is stipulated need-blind for all domestic first-year applicants. In , Brown announced that loans would be eliminated from all undergraduate financial aid awards starting in –, as part of a new $30 million campaign called the Brown Promise.[] In –17, the university awarded need-based scholarships worth $ million. The average need-based award for the class of was $47,[]

Graduate[edit]

In , the Graduate School accepted 11% of 9, applicants.[] In , Brown received a record applications for roughly 90 spots in its Master of Public Health Degree.[]

In , U.S. News ranked Brown's Warren Alpert Medical School the 5th most selective in the country, with an acceptance rate of %.[]

Rankings[edit]

USNWR graduate school rankings[]

Engineering 51
Medicine: Primary Care 35
Medicine: Research 38

USNWR departmental rankings[]

Biological Sciences 33
Chemistry 59
Computer Science 25
Earth Sciences 15
Economics 19
English 13
History 16
Mathematics 14
Physics 35
Political Science 40
Psychology 26
Public Affairs 49
Public Health 17
Sociology 24
Statistics 44

Brown University is accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education.[] For their rankings, The Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education ranked Brown 5th in the "Best Colleges " edition.[]

The Forbes magazine annual ranking of "America's Top Colleges "—which ranked research universities, liberal arts colleges and service academies—ranked Brown 26th overall and 23rd among universities.[]

U.S. News & World Report ranked Brown 14th among national universities in its edition.[] The edition also ranked Brown 1st for undergraduate teaching, 20th in Most Innovative Schools, and 18th in Best Value Schools.[]

Washington Monthly ranked Brown 37th in among national universities in the U.S. based on its contribution to the public good, as measured by social mobility, research, and promoting public service.[]

For , U.S. News & World Report ranks Brown nd globally.[]

In , Forbes magazine ranked Brown 7th on its list of "America's Most Entrepreneurial Universities."[] The Forbes analysis looked at the ratio of "alumni and students who have identified themselves as founders and business owners on LinkedIn" and the total number of alumni and students.

LinkedIn particularized the Forbes rankings, placing Brown third (between MIT and Princeton) among "Best Undergraduate Universities for Software Developers at Startups." LinkedIn's methodology involved a career-path examination of "millions of alumni profiles" in its membership database.[]

In , U.S. News ranked Brown's Warren Alpert Medical School the 9th most selective in the country, with an acceptance rate of percent.[]

According to data from the U.S. Department of Education, the median starting salary of Brown computer science graduates was the highest in the United States.[]

In , Brown produced the second-highest amount of Fulbright winners. For the three years prior, the university produced the most Fulbright winners in the nation.[][]

Research[edit]

Brown is member of the Association of American Universities since and is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very High Research Activity".[][] In FY , Brown spent $ million on research and was ranked rd in the United States by total R&D expenditure by National Science Foundation.[][]

Student life[edit]

Campus safety[edit]

In , Brown tied with the University of Connecticut for the highest number of reported rapes in the nation, with its "total of reports of rape" on their main campus standing at []

Spring weekend[edit]

Established in , Spring Weekend is an annual spring music festival for students. Historical performers at the festival have included Ella Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, Janis Joplin, Bruce Springsteen. More recent headliners include Kendrick Lamar, Young Thug, Daniel Caesar, Anderson .Paak, Mitski, and Mac DeMarco.[][][] Since , Spring Weekend has been organized by the student–run Brown Concert Agency.

Residential and Greek societies[edit]

Wriston Quadrangle houses Brown's Greek organizations

Approximately 12 percent of Brown students participate in Greek Life.[] The university recognizes eleven Greek organizations: six fraternities (Alpha Phi Alpha, Beta Omega Chi, Delta Tau, Delta Phi, Kappa Alpha Psi, and Theta Alpha), four sororities (Alpha Chi Omega, Delta Sigma Theta, Delta Gamma, Kappa Delta, and Kappa Alpha Theta,), one co-ed house (Zeta Delta Xi), and one co-ed literary society (Alpha Delta Phi).

Since the early s, all Greek organizations on campus have been located in Wriston Quadrangle.[] The organizations are overseen by the Greek Council.

An alternative to Greek-letter organizations are Brown's program houses, which are organized by themes. As with Greek houses, the residents of program houses select their new members, usually at the start of the spring semester. Examples of program houses are St. Anthony Hall (located in King House), Buxton International House, the Machado French/Hispanic/Latinx House, Technology House, Harambee (African culture) House, Social Action House and Interfaith House.

All students not in program housing enter a lottery for general housing. Students form groups and are assigned time slots during which they can pick among the remaining housing options.

Societies and clubs[edit]

The earliest societies at Brown were devoted to oration and debate. The Pronouncing Society is mentioned in the diary of Solomon Drowne, class of , who was voted its president in [8] The organization seems to have disappeared during the American Revolutionary War. Subsequent societies include the Misokosmian Society (est. and renamed the Philermenian Society), the Philandrian Society (est. ), the United Brothers (), the Philophysian Society (), and the Franklin Society (). Societies served social as well as academic purposes, with many supporting literary debate and amassing large libraries.[][] Older societies generally aligned with Federalists while younger societies generally leaned Republican.[8]

Societies remained popular into the s, after which they were largely replaced by fraternities.[]

The Cammarian Club was at first a semi-secret society which "tapped" 15 seniors each year. In , self-perpetuating membership gave way to popular election by the student body, and thenceforward the club served as the de facto undergraduate student government. The organization was dissolved in , and ultimately succeeded by a formal student government.

Societas Domi Pacificae, known colloquially as "Pacifica House," is a present-day, self-described secret society. It purports a continuous line of descent from the Franklin Society of , citing a supposed intermediary "Franklin Society" traceable in the nineteenth century.

Student organizations[edit]

See also: Category:Brown University organizations

There are over registered student organizations on campus with diverse interests. The Student Activities Fair, during the orientation program, provides first-year students the opportunity to become acquainted with the wide range of organizations. A sample of organizations includes:

Resource centers[edit]

Brown has several resource centers on campus. The centers often act as sources of support as well as safe spaces for students to explore certain aspects of their identity. Additionally, the centers often provide physical spaces for students to study and have meetings. Although most centers are identity-focused, some provide academic support as well.

The Brown Center for Students of Color (BCSC) is a space that provides support for students of color. Established in at the demand of student protests, the BCSC encourages students to engage in critical dialogue, develop leadership skills, and promote social justice.[] The center houses various programs for students to share their knowledge and engage in discussion. Programs include the Third World Transition Program, the Minority Peer Counselor Program, the Heritage Series, and other student-led initiatives. Additionally, the BCSC hopes to foster community among the students it serves by providing spaces for students to meet and study.

The Sarah Doyle Women's Center aims to provide a space for members of the Brown community to examine and explore issues surrounding gender.[] The center was named after one of the first women to attend Brown, Sarah Doyle. The center emphasizes intersectionality in its conversations on gender, encouraging people to see gender as present and relevant in various aspects of life. The center hosts programs and workshops in order to facilitate dialogue and provide resources for students, faculty, and staff.[]

Other centers include the LGBTQ+ Center, the Undocumented, First-Generation College and Low-Income Student (U-FLi) Center,[] and the Curricular Resource Center.

Activism[edit]

Black Student Walkout[edit]

On December 5 of , several Black women from Pembroke College initiated a walkout in protest an atmosphere at the colleges described by Black students as a "stifling, frustrating, [and] degrading place for Black students" after feeling the colleges were non-responsive to their concerns. In total, 65 Black students participated in the walk out. Their principal demand was to increase Black student enrollment to 11% of the student populace, in an attempt to match that of the proportion in the US. This ultimately resulted in a % increase in Black enrollment the following year, but some demands have yet to be met.[][]

Athletics[edit]

Main article: Brown Bears

Brown is a member of the Ivy League athletic conference, which is categorized as a Division I (top level) conference of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).

The Brown Bears has one of the largest university sports programs in the United States, sponsoring 32 varsity intercollegiate teams.[] Brown's athletic program is one of the U.S. News & World Report top 20—the "College Sports Honor Roll"—based on breadth of program and athletes' graduation rates.

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Brown University

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About Brown University

Brown University is a private Ivy League university based in Providence, Rhode Island. Founded in , Brown is a leading research university known for its innovative educational philosophy where the curiosity, creativity and the intellectual joy of students drives academic excellence. The spirit of the undergraduate Open Curriculum infuses every aspect of the University.

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Brown traces its origins to with the granting of the Charter by the Rhode Island General Assembly. It was named Brown in after the son of merchant and college co-founder Nicholas Brown Sr.

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A Brown education is a catalyst for creativity and entrepreneurship. The College offers 80 concentration programs that lead to the bachelor of arts or the bachelor of science degree.

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Quick facts about Brown

  • Undergrad degree: 4 year liberal arts
  • Public or Private: Private
  • Setting: Urban
  • Residential Status: Primarily on campus
  • Number of Undergraduates: 7, (approx)
  • Number of Freshman: 1, (approx)
  • Acceptance Rate: %
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Very! Brown’s acceptance rate is below 7%.

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Brown scholars have built a reputation for tackling complex questions that impact the human experience. Social Science majors benefit from studying with some of the best faculty in the world.

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BROWN UNIVERSITY Tour - Providence, Rhode Island - Drone Video

Brown University&#;is a&#;private&#;Ivy League&#;research university&#;in&#;Providence,&#;Rhode Island,&#;United States. Founded in as the&#;College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, it is the&#;seventh-oldest institutionof&#;higher education&#;in the U.S. and one of the nine&#;colonial colleges&#;chartered before the&#;American Revolution.

At its foundation, Brown was the first college in the U.S. to accept students regardless of their&#;religious affiliation.&#;Its&#;engineering&#;program, the first in the Ivy League, was established in It was one of the early doctoral-granting U.S. institutions in the late 19th century, adding&#;masters&#;and&#;doctoral studies&#;in &#;Its&#;New Curriculum&#;is sometimes referred to in&#;education theory&#;as the Brown Curriculum and was adopted by faculty vote in after a period of student lobbying. The New Curriculum eliminated mandatory "general education" distribution requirements, made students "the architects of their own syllabus" and allowed them to take any course for a grade of satisfactory or unrecorded no-credit.&#;In , Brown's coordinate women's institution,&#;Pembroke College, was fully&#;merged&#;into the university; Pembroke Campus now includes dormitories and classrooms used by all of Brown.

Undergraduate&#;admissions&#;is highly selective, with an acceptance rate of % for the class of &#;The university comprises the&#;College, the&#;Graduate School,&#;Alpert Medical School, the&#;School of Engineering, the School of Public Health and the School of Professional Studies (which includes the&#;IE&#;Brown Executive MBA program). Brown's international programs are organized through the&#;Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, and the university is academically affiliated with the&#;Marine Biological Laboratory&#;and the&#;Rhode Island School of Design. The&#;Brown/RISD Dual Degree Program, offered in conjunction with the&#;Rhode Island School of Design, is a five-year course that awards degrees from both institutions.

Brown's main campus is located in the&#;College Hill Historic District&#;in the&#;city&#;of&#;Providence, Rhode Island. The University's neighborhood is a federally listed architectural district with a dense concentration of Colonial-era buildings. Benefit Street, on the western edge of the campus, contains "one of the finest cohesive collections of restored seventeenth- and eighteenth-century architecture in the United States".

Brown's&#;faculty and alumni&#;include eight&#;Nobel Prize&#;laureates, five&#;National Humanities Medalists&#;and ten&#;National Medal of Science&#;laureates.&#;Other notable alumni&#;include eight billionaire graduates,&#;a&#;U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice, four&#;U.S. Secretaries of State&#;and other Cabinet officials, 54 members of the&#;United States Congress, 55&#;Rhodes Scholars, 52&#;Gates Cambridge Scholars&#;49&#;Marshall Scholars,14&#;MacArthur Genius&#;Fellows,&#;21&#;Pulitzer Prize&#;winners, various royals and nobles, as well as leaders and founders of&#;Fortune &#;companies

History[]

The foundation and the charter[]

Brown University, R.I, c. ,&#;New York Public Library

Reverend Ezra Stiles seventh president of Yale College and one of the founders of Brown University

The first president, James Manning, taught the earliest college classes at his parish house

The&#;Ezra Stiles&#;copy of the Brown University Charter of

Seal of the university[]

The origin of Brown University can be dated to , when three residents of&#;Newport, Rhode Island&#;drafted a petition to the&#;General Assembly&#;of the colony:

The three petitioners were&#;Ezra Stiles, pastor of Newport's&#;Second Congregational Church&#;and future president of&#;Yale;&#;William Ellery, Jr., future&#;signer&#;of the&#;United States Declaration of Independence; and&#;Josias Lyndon, future governor of the colony. Stiles and Ellery were co-authors of the Charter of the College two years later. The editor of Stiles's papers observes, "This draft of a petition connects itself with other evidence of Dr. Stiles's project for a Collegiate Institution in Rhode Island, before the charter of what became Brown University."

There is further documentary evidence that Stiles was making plans for a college in On January 20, Chauncey Whittelsey, pastor of the First Church of New Haven, answered a letter from Stiles&#;: The Philadelphia Association of Baptist Churches also had an eye on Rhode Island, home of the mother church of their denomination&#;: the&#;First Baptist Church in America, founded in Providence in by&#;Roger Williams. The Baptists were as yet unrepresented among colonial colleges&#;; the&#;Congregationalists&#;had&#;Harvard&#;and&#;Yale, the&#;Presbyterians&#;had the College of New Jersey (later&#;Princeton), and the&#;Episcopalians&#;had the&#;College of William and Mary&#;and King's College (later&#;Columbia). Isaac Backus was the historian of the New England Baptists and an inaugural Trustee of Brown, writing in He described the October resolution taken at Philadelphia&#;: Manning arrived at&#;Newport&#;in July and was introduced to Stiles, who agreed to write the Charter for the College. Stiles's first draft was read to the&#;General Assembly&#;in August and rejected by Baptist members who worried that the College Board of Fellows would under-represent the Baptists. A revised Charter written by Stiles and Ellery was adopted by the Assembly on March 3,

In September , the inaugural meeting of the College Corporation was held at Newport. Governor&#;Stephen Hopkins&#;was chosen chancellor, former and future governor&#;Samuel Ward&#;was vice chancellor,&#;John Tillinghast&#;treasurer, and&#;Thomas Eyres&#;secretary. The Charter stipulated that the Board of Trustees be composed of 22 Baptists, five&#;Quakers, five Episcopalians, and four Congregationalists. Of the 12 Fellows, eight should be Baptists—including the College president—"and the rest indifferently of any or all Denominations."

The Charter was not the grant of&#;King George III, as is sometimes supposed, but rather an Act of the colonial General Assembly. In two particulars, the Charter may be said to be a uniquely progressive document. First, other colleges had curricular strictures against opposing doctrines, while Brown's Charter asserted, "Sectarian differences of opinions, shall not make any Part of the Public and Classical Instruction." Second, according to Brown University historian Walter Bronson, "the instrument governing Brown University recognized more broadly and fundamentally than any other the principle of denominational cooperation."&#;The oft-repeated statement is inaccurate that Brown's Charter alone prohibited a religious test for College membership; other college charters were also liberal in that particular.

James Manning&#;was sworn in as the College's first president in and served until In , the College moved from&#;Warren, Rhode Island&#;to the crest of&#;College Hill&#;overlooking Providence.&#;

Solomon Drowne, a freshman in the class of , wrote in his diary on March 26, &#;: Presbyterian Lane is the present College Street. The eight-acre site had been purchased in two parcels by the Corporation for £, mainly from&#;Moses Brown&#;and&#;John Brown, the parcels having "formed a part of the original home lots of their ancestor,&#;Chad Brown, and of George Rickard, who bought them from the Indians."&#;University Hall&#;was known as "The College Edifice" until ; it was modelled on&#;Nassau Hall&#;at the College of New Jersey. Its construction was managed by the firm of Nicholas Brown and Company, which spent £2, in the first year building the College Edifice and the adjacent President's House.

Nicholas Brown, Jr., founder of the&#;Providence Athenaeum, co-founder of&#;Butler Hospital, philanthropist, progressive, and&#;abolitionist. Following his major gift in , the College was renamed Brown University. Painting by&#;Chester Harding,

The Brown family[edit][]

Nicholas Brown, his son&#;Nicholas Brown, Jr.&#;(class of ),&#;John Brown,&#;Joseph Brown, and&#;Moses Brown&#;were all instrumental in moving the College to Providence and securing its endowment. Joseph became a professor of natural philosophy at the College; John served as its treasurer from to &#;; and Nicholas Junior succeeded his uncle as treasurer from to

On September 8, , the Corporation voted, "That the donation of $ Dollars, if made to this College within one Year from the late Commencement, shall entitle the donor to name the College." That appeal was answered by College treasurer Nicholas Brown Junior in a letter dated September 6, , and the Corporation honored its promise. "In gratitude to Mr. Brown, the Corporation at the same meeting voted, 'That this College be called and known in all future time by the Name of Brown University'."[25]&#;Over the years, the benefactions of Nicholas Brown, Jr. totaled nearly $,, an enormous sum for that period, and included the buildings Hope College (–22) and Manning Hall ().

It is sometimes erroneously supposed that Brown University was named after John Brown, whose commercial activity included the transportation of African slaves. In fact, Brown University was named for Nicholas Brown, Jr.—philanthropist, founder of the&#;Providence Athenaeum, co-founder of&#;Butler Hospital, and an&#;abolitionist. Nicholas Brown, Jr. became a financier of the movement under the guidance of his uncle&#;Moses Brown, one of the leading abolitionists of his day.

Brigadier general&#;James Mitchell Varnum&#;(class of ) served in the&#;Continental Army&#;and advocated the enlistment of African Americans, which resulted in the reformation of the&#;1st Rhode Island Regiment&#;as an all-black unit. Painting by&#;Charles Willson Peale,

The American Revolution[]

The College library was moved out of Providence for safekeeping in the fall of , with British vessels patrolling Narragansett Bay. On December 7, , six thousand British and Hessian troops sailed into Newport harbor under the command of Sir Peter Parker. College president Manning said in a letter written after the war&#;: "In the claim for damages presented by the Corporation to the United States government," says the University historian, "it is stated that the American troops used it for barracks and hospital from December 10, , to April 20, , and that the French troops used it for a hospital from June 26, , to May 27, "&#;The French troops were those of the&#;Comte de Rochambeau.

On the College Green, Sayles Hall (left), built –81, designed by&#;Alpheus C. Morse, and Wilson Hall, built , designed by&#;Gould & Angell, both buildings in the&#;Richardsonian Romanesque&#;style

The New Curriculum[]

In the first Group Independent Study Project (GISP) at Brown was formed, involving 80 students and 15 professors. The GISP was inspired by student-initiated experimental schools, especially&#;San Francisco State College, and sought ways to "put students at the center of their education" and "teach students how to think rather than just teaching facts."

Members of the GISP, Ira Magaziner and Elliot Maxwell published a paper of their findings entitled, "Draft of a Working Paper for Education at Brown University." The paper made proposals for the new curriculum, including&#;interdisciplinary&#;freshman-year courses that would introduce "modes of thought," with instruction from faculty from different disciplines as well as for an end to letter grades. The following year Magaziner began organizing the student body to press for the reforms, organizing discussions and protests.

In University President Ray Heffner Special Committee on Curricular Philosophy in response to student rallies held support of curriculum reform. The committee was tasked with developing specific reforms and the resulting report was called the Maeder Report after the committee's chairman. The report was presented to the faculty, which voted the New Curriculum into existence on May 7, Its key features included&#;:

  • Modes of Thought courses for first-year students
  • The introduction of interdisciplinary courses
  • The abandonment of "general education" distribution requirements
  • The Satisfactory/No Credit grading option
  • The ABC/No Credit grading system, which eliminated pluses, minuses, and D's; a grade of "No Credit" would not appear on external transcripts.

On the Front Green at the top of College Hill are Hope College (left), built , and Manning Hall, built , designed by&#;Russell Warren. Both buildings were the gift of Nicholas Brown, Junior

The Modes of Thought course was discontinued early on, but the other elements are still in place. In , the reintroduction of plus/minus grading was broached by persons concerned about grade inflation. The idea was rejected by the College Curriculum Council after canvassing alumni, faculty, and students, including the original authors of the Magaziner-Maxwell Report.

Coat of arms[]

Brown University's coat of arms is a white field divided into four sectors by a red cross; within each sector is an open book. Above the shield is a crest consisting of the upper half of a&#;sun in splendor&#;among the clouds atop a red and white&#;torse. The sun and clouds represent "learning piercing the clouds of ignorance." The cross is believed to be a&#;Saint George's Cross, and the open books represent learning.

Campus[]

Robinson Hall, built , designed by&#;Walker and Gould, an octagonal building in the&#;Venetian Gothic&#;style. It is an example of the panoptic principle in library design inspired by the British Museum reading room

Brown is the largest institutional landowner in Providence, with properties on College Hill and in the&#;Jewelry District.&#;The College Hill campus was built contemporarily with the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century precincts that surround it, so that University buildings blend with the architectural fabric of the city. The only indicator of "campus" is a brick and wrought-iron fence on Prospect, George, and Waterman streets, enclosing the College Green and Front Green. The character of Brown's urban campus is then European organic rather than American landscaped.

Main Campus[]

Further information:&#;List of Brown University buildings

The main campus, comprising buildings and acres (&#;km2), is on College Hill in Providence's&#;East Side. It is reached from downtown principally by three extremely steep streets—College, Waterman, and&#;Angell—which run through the Benefit Street historic district and the campus of the&#;Rhode Island School of Design. College Street, culminating with Van Wickle Gates at the top of the hill, is especially beautiful, and is the setting for the Convocation and Commencement processions.

At Convocation, new students march through Van Wickle Gates, built , designed by&#;Hoppin and Ely&#;of Providence and&#;Hoppin and Koen&#;of New York.&#;The gates were the gift of Augustus Stout Van Wickle, class of , who also gave the&#;FitzRandolph Gateway&#;at Princeton, built , as a memorial to his ancestor Nathaniel FitzRandolph

Van Wickle Gates[]

The Van Wickle Gates, dedicated on June 18, , have a pair of smaller side gates that are open year-round, and a large central gate that is opened two days a year for Convocation and Commencement. At Convocation the gate opens inward to admit the procession of new students. At Commencement the gate opens outward for the procession of graduates. &#;A Brown superstition is that students who walk through the central gate a second time prematurely will not graduate, although walking backwards is said to cancel the hex. Members of the&#;Brown University Band&#;famously flout the superstition by walking through the gate three times too many, as they annually play their role in the Commencement parade.

Carrie Tower, built in&#;English Baroque&#;style, is a memorial to Caroline Mathilde Brown, granddaughter of&#;Nicholas Brown, class of , for whom the University is named

The core green spaces of the main campus are the Front (or "Quiet") Green, the College (or "Main") Green, and the Ruth J. Simmons Quadrangle (until called Lincoln Field). The old buildings on these three greens are the most photographed.

Adjacent to this older campus are, to the south, academic buildings and residential quadrangles, including Wriston, Keeney, and Gregorian quadrangles; to the east, Sciences Park occupying two city blocks; to the north, connected to Simmons Quadrangle by The Walk, academic and residential precincts, including the life sciences complex and the Pembroke Campus; and to the west, on the slope of College Hill, academic buildings, including List Art Center and the Hay and Rockefeller libraries. Also on the slope of College Hill, contiguous with Brown, is the campus of the&#;Rhode Island School of Design.

The&#;John Hay Library, built , designed by&#;Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge&#;in the&#;English Renaissancestyle, is home to rare books, special collections, and the University archives

John Hay Library[]

The John Hay Library is the second oldest library on campus. It was opened in and named for&#;John Hay&#;(class of , private secretary to&#;Abraham Lincoln&#;and Secretary of State under two Presidents) at the request of his friend&#;Andrew Carnegie, who contributed half of the $, cost of the building.[43]&#;It is now the repository of the University's archives, rare books and manuscripts, and special collections. Noteworthy among the latter are the&#;Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection[44]&#;(described as "the foremost American collection of material devoted to the history and iconography of soldiers and soldiering"), the Harris Collection of American Poetry and Plays (described as "the largest and most comprehensive collection of its kind in any research library"), the Lownes Collection of the History of Science (described as "one of the three most important private collections of books of science in America"), and (for popularity of requests) the papers of&#;H.P. Lovecraft. The Hay Library is home to one of the broadest collections of&#;incunabula&#;(15th-century printed books) in the Americas, as well as such rarities as the manuscript of&#;Orwell's&#;Nineteen Eighty-Four&#;and a Shakespeare&#;First Folio. There are also three books&#;bound in human skin.[45]

The&#;John Carter Brown Library&#;on the College Green, built , designed by&#;Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge&#;in the&#;Beaux-Arts&#;style, is one of the world's leading repositories of ancient books and maps relating to the exploration and natural history of the Americas[46]

John Carter Brown Library[]

The John Carter Brown Library, founded in , is administered separately from the University, but has been located on the Main Green of the campus since It is generally regarded as the world's leading collection of primary historical sources pertaining to the Americas before It houses a very large percentage of the titles published before that date about the discovery, settlement, history, and natural history of the New World. The "JCB", as it is known, published the volume&#;Bibliotheca Americana, a principal bibliography in the field. Typical of its noteworthy holdings is the best preserved of the eleven surviving copies of the&#;Bay Psalm Book&#;the earliest extant book printed in British North America and the most expensive printed book in the world.[47]&#;There is also a very fine Shakespeare&#;First Folio, added to the collection by John Carter Brown's widow (a Shakespeare enthusiast) on the grounds that it includes&#;The Tempest, a play set in the New World. The JCB holdings comprise more than 50, early titles and about 16, modern books, as well as prints, manuscripts, maps, and other items in the library's specialty.

Manning Hall, built in&#;Greek Revival&#;style, home to the&#;Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology

Haffenreffer Museum[]

The exhibition galleries of the Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown's teaching museum, are located in Manning Hall on the campus's main green. Its one million artifacts, available for research and educational purposes, are located at its Collections Research Center in Bristol, RI. The museum's goal is to inspire creative and critical thinking about culture by fostering interdisciplinary understanding of the material world. It provides opportunities for faculty and students to work with collections and the public, teaching through objects and programs in classrooms and exhibitions. The museum sponsors lectures and events in all areas of anthropology, and also runs an extensive program of outreach to local schools.

Brown Commencements have been held since in the&#;First Baptist Church in America, built , designed by&#;Joseph Brown. This "meeting house" was built to accommodate 1, people and for the dual purpose of "the publick worship of Almighty God and also for holding commencement in"[48]

The "Walk" connects Pembroke Campus to the main campus. It is a succession of green spaces extending from Ruth Simmons Quadrangle (Lincoln Field) in the south to the Pembroke College monument on Meeting Street in the north. It is bordered by departmental buildings and the Granoff Center for the Creative Arts. A focal point of The Walk will be the&#;Maya Lin-designed water-circulating topographical sculpture of Narragansett Bay, to be installed in next to the Institute for the Study of Environment and Society.

Smith-Buonanno Hall on the Pembroke Campus

Miller Hall on the Pembroke Campus

Pembroke Campus[]

The&#;Women's College in Brown University, known as Pembroke College, was founded in October When it merged with Brown in , the Pembroke Campus was absorbed into the Brown campus. The Pembroke campus is centered on a quadrangle that fronts on Meeting Street, where a garden and monument—with scale-model of the quadrangle in bronze—compose the formal entry to the campus. The Pembroke campus is among the most pleasing spaces at Brown, with noteworthy examples of Victorian and Georgian architecture. The west side of the quadrangle comprises Pembroke Hall (), Smith-Buonanno Hall (, formerly Pembroke Gymnasium), and Metcalf Hall ()&#;; the east side comprises Alumnae Hall () and Miller Hall ()&#;; the quadrangle culminates on the north with Andrews Hall () and its terrace and garden. Pembroke Hall, originally a classroom building and library, now houses the Cogut Center for the Humanities.

The Orwig Music Library in the former Isaac Gifford Ladd house, built , acquired in when Brown bought the buildings and grounds of&#;Bryant University&#;on the southeast edge of the Brown campus

East Campus, centered on Hope and Charlesfield streets, was originally the site of&#;Bryant University. In , as Bryant was preparing to move to Smithfield, Rhode Island, Brown bought their Providence campus for $5 million. This expanded the Brown campus by 10 acres (40,&#;m2) and 26 buildings, included several historic houses, notably the Isaac Gifford Ladd house, built (now Brown's Orwig Music Library), and the Robert Taft House, built (now King House). The area was named East Campus in

Thayer Street&#;runs through Brown's main campus, north to south, and is College Hill's reduced-scale counterpart to&#;Harvard Square&#;or Berkeley's&#;Telegraph Avenue. Restaurants, cafes, bistros, tavernas, pubs, bookstores, second-hand shops, and the like abound. Tourists, people-watchers, buskers, and students from Providence's six colleges make the scene. Half a mile south of campus is Thayer Street's hipper cousin,&#;Wickenden Street. More picturesque and with older architecture, it features galleries, pubs, specialty shops, artist-supply stores, and a regionally famous coffee shop that doubles as a film set (for&#;Woody Allenand others).

Brown Stadium, built in and home to the football team, is located approximately a mile to the northeast of the main campus. Marston Boathouse, the home of the crew teams, lies on the Blackstone/Seekonk River, to the southeast of campus. Brown's Warren Alpert Medical School is situated in the historic&#;Jewelry District of Providence, near the medical campus of Brown's teaching hospitals,&#;Rhode Island Hospital,&#;Women and Infants Hospital, and Hasbro Children's Hospital. Other University research facilities in the Jewelry District include the Laboratories for Molecular Medicine.

Brown's School of Public Health occupies a landmark modernist building overlooking Memorial Park on the Providence Riverwalk. Brown also owns acre (&#;km2) the&#;Mount Hope Grant&#;in Bristol, Rhode Island, an important&#;Native American&#;and&#;King Philip's War&#;site. Brown's&#;Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology&#;Collection Research Center, particularly strong in Native American items, is located in the Mount Hope Grant.

Academics[]

[]

19th Brown president&#;Christina Hull Paxson, to present

2nd Brown president,&#;Jonathan Maxcy, – was the first alum to serve as president

4th Brown president Francis Wayland, His influential book&#;Thoughts on the Present Collegiate System in the United States&#;() urged American universities to adopt a broader curriculum

18th Brown president&#;Ruth J. Simmons, –, was the first&#;African-American&#;to lead an Ivy League university

Brown's current president&#;Christina Hull Paxson&#;took office in She had previously been dean of the&#;Woodrow Wilson School&#;at&#;Princeton University&#;and a past-chair of Princeton's economics department.[49]In and , Paxson presided over the year-long celebration of the th anniversary of Brown's founding. Her immediate predecessor as president was Ruth J. Simmons, the first&#;African Americanpresident of an Ivy League institution. Simmons will remain at Brown as a professor of Comparative Literature and Africana Studies.

The College[]

Founded in , the College is the oldest school of Brown University. About 6, undergraduate students are currently enrolled in the College, and 79 concentrations (majors) are offered. Completed concentrations of undergraduates by area are social sciences 42 percent, humanities 26 percent, life sciences 17 percent, and physical sciences 14 percent.&#;The concentrations with the greatest number of students are Biology, History, and International Relations. Brown is one of the few schools in the United States with an undergraduate concentration (major) in&#;Egyptology. Undergraduates can also design an independent concentration if the existing programs do not align with their curricular focus.

35 percent of undergraduates pursue graduate or professional study immediately, 60 percent within 5 years, and 80 percent within 10 years. For the Class of , 75 percent of all graduates have since enrolled in a graduate or professional degree program.&#;The degrees acquired were doctoral 22 percent, master's 35 percent, medicine 28 percent, and law 14 percent.

The highest fields of employment for graduates of the College are business 36 percent, education 19 percent, health/medical 6 percent, arts 6 percent, government 6 percent, and communications/media 5 percent.[53]

The List Art Center, built , designed by&#;Philip Johnson, houses the Department of Visual Art and the David Winton Bell Gallery, and is adjacent to the campus of the&#;Rhode Island School of Design

Brown/RISD Dual Degree Program[]

Brown's near neighbor on College Hill is the&#;Rhode Island School of Design&#;(RISD), America's top-ranked art college.[54]&#;Brown and RISD students can cross-register at the two institutions, with Brown students permitted to take as many as four courses at RISD that count towards a Brown degree. The two institutions partner to provide various student-life services and the two student bodies compose a synergy in the College Hill cultural scene.

The Brown/RISD Dual Degree Program, among the most selective in the country, offered admission to 17 of the applicants for the class entering in autumn , an acceptance rate of percent.&#;It combines the complementary strengths of the two institutions, integrating studio art at RISD with the entire spectrum of Brown's departmental offerings. Students are admitted to the Dual Degree Program for a course lasting five years and culminating in both the Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) degree from Brown and the Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.) degree from RISD. Prospective students must apply to the two schools separately and be accepted by separate admissions committees. Their application must then be approved by a third Brown/RISD joint committee.

Admitted students spend the first year in residence at RISD completing its "foundation course," and the second year in residence at Brown. Another year at each school ensues, with the fifth year spent according to the student's electives. Program participants are noted for their creative and original approach to cross-disciplinary opportunities, combining, for example, industrial design with engineering, or anatomical illustration with human biology, or philosophy with sculpture, or architecture with urban studies. An annual "BRDD Exhibition" is a well-publicized and heavily attended event, drawing interest and attendees from the wider world of industry, design, the media, and the fine arts.

Lyman Hall, built , designed by&#;Stone, Carpenter and Willson&#;in&#;Richardsonian Romanesque&#;style, houses the Department of Theatre Arts and Performance Studies

Theatre and playwriting[]

Brown's theatre and playwriting programs are among the best-regarded in the country. Since eight different Brown graduates have either won (four times) or been nominated for (six times) the&#;Pulitzer Prize—including winners&#;Lynn Nottage'86 (twice—, ),&#;Ayad Akhtar&#;'93,&#;Nilo Cruz&#;'94, and&#;Quiara Alegría Hudes&#;'04; and nominees&#;Sarah Ruhl&#;'97 (twice),&#;Gina Gionfriddo&#;'97 (twice),&#;Stephen Karam&#;'02, and&#;Jordan Harrison&#;' In&#;American Theater&#;magazine's ranking of the most-produced American plays, Brown graduates occupied four of the top five places—Peter Nachtrieb '97, Rachel Sheinkin '89, Sarah Ruhl '97, and Stephen Karam '

The undergraduate concentration (major) encompasses programs in theatre history, performance theory, playwriting, dramaturgy, acting, directing, dance, speech, and technical production. Applications for doctoral and master's degree programs are made through the University Graduate School. Master's degrees in acting and directing are pursued in conjunction with the Rep MFA program, which partners with one of the country's great regional theatres,&#;Trinity Repertory Company, home of the last longstanding resident acting company in the country. Trinity Rep's present artistic director&#;Curt Columbus&#;succeeded&#;Oskar Eustis&#;in , when Eustis was chosen to lead New York's&#;Public Theater.

The many performance spaces available to Brown students include the Chace and Dowling theaters at Trinity Rep; the McCormack Family, Lee Strasberg, Rites and Reason, Ashamu Dance, Stuart, and Leeds theatres in University departments; the Upstairs Space and Downstairs Space belonging to the wholly student-run&#;Production Workshop; and Alumnae Hall, used by Brown University Gilbert & Sullivan and by&#;Brown Opera Productions. Production design courses utilize the John Street Studio of&#;Eugene Lee, three-time&#;Tony Award-winner.

Hope College, built in late&#;Federal&#;style, was named for Hope Brown Ives, sister of&#;Nicholas Brown, Junior, and was the first purpose-built residence hall at Brown

Membership in the Brown Faculty Club is open to all faculty, staff, alumni, and Brown parents, and confers reciprocal privileges at other clubs—in North America, England, Spain, and Israel—through the Association of College and University Clubs

Writing Programs[]

Writing at Brown—fiction, non-fiction, poetry, playwriting, screenwriting, electronic writing, mixed media, and the undergraduate writing proficiency requirement—is catered for by various centers and degree programs, and a faculty that has long included nationally and internationally known authors. The undergraduate concentration (major) in literary arts offers courses in fiction, poetry, screenwriting, literary hypermedia, and translation. Graduate programs include the fiction and poetry MFA writing programs in the literary arts department, and the MFA playwriting program in the theatre arts and performance studies department. The non-fiction writing program is offered in the English department. Screenwriting and cinema narrativity courses are offered in the departments of literary arts and modern culture and media. The undergraduate writing proficiency requirement is supported by the Writing Center.

Author Prizewinners[]

Alumni authors take their degrees across the spectrum of degree concentrations, but a gauge of the strength of writing at Brown is the number of major national writing prizes won. To note only winners since the year &#;Pulitzer Prize for Fiction-winners&#;Jeffrey Eugenides&#;'82 (),&#;Marilynne Robinson&#;'66 (), and&#;Andrew Sean Greer&#;'92 (); British&#;Orange Prize-winners&#;Marilynne Robinson&#;'66 () and&#;Madeline Miller&#;'00 ();&#;Pulitzer Prize for Drama-winners&#;Nilo Cruz&#;'94 (),&#;Lynn Nottage&#;'86 (twice, , ),&#;Quiara Alegría Hudes&#;'04 (), and&#;Ayad Akhtar&#;'93 ();&#;Pulitzer Prize for Biography-winner&#;David Kertzer&#;'69 ();&#;Pulitzer Prize for Journalism-winners&#;James Risen&#;'77 (twice, , ),&#;Mark Maremont&#;'80 (twice, , ),&#;Gareth Cook&#;'91 (),&#;Tony Horwitz&#;'80 (), Peter Kovacs '77 (), Stephanie Grace '86 (), Mary Swerczek '98 (), Jane B. Spencer '99 (),&#;Usha Lee McFarling&#;'89 (), James Bandler '89 (), Amy Goldstein '75 (), and&#;David Rohde&#;'90 (twice, , );&#;Pulitzer Prize for General&#;Nonfiction-winner&#;James Forman Jr.'88 (), as well as&#;Pulitzer Prize for Poetry-winner&#;Peter Balakian&#;PhD '

The Watson Center for Information Technology, built , designed by&#;Cambridge Seven Associates. It is named for Thomas J. Watson, Jr., Brown class of , who led the global rise of&#;IBM.

The division of applied mathematics in the former Henry Pearce House, built , designed by Frank W. Angell and Frank H. Swift, acquired by Brown in

Computer Science[]

Brown began offering computer science courses through the departments of Economics and Applied Mathematics in when it acquired an IBM machine. Brown added an&#;IBM &#;in January , the only one of its type between Hartford and Boston. In , Brown opened its first dedicated computer building. The building, designed by&#;Philip Johnson&#;and opened on George Street, received an&#;IBM &#;computer the next year. Brown granted computer sciences full Departmental status in In , IBM and Brown announced the installation of a supercomputer (by teraflops standards), the most powerful in the southeastern New England region.

In the 's,&#;Andries van Dam&#;along with&#;Ted Nelson, and&#;Bob Wallace&#;invented The&#;Hypertext Editing Systems,&#;HES&#;and&#;FRESS&#;while at Brown. Nelson coined the word&#;hypertext. Van Dam's students helped originate&#;XML,&#;XSLT, and related Web standards. Other Brown alumni have distinguished themselves in the computer sciences. They include a principal architect of the&#;Classic Mac OS, a principal architect of the&#;Intel &#;microprocessor line, the&#;Microsoft Windows 95&#;project chief, a CEO of&#;Apple, the current head of the&#;MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, the inaugural chair of the&#;Computing Community Consortium, and design chiefs at&#;Pixar&#;and&#;Industrial Light & Magic, protegees of graphics guru&#;Andries van Dam. The character "Andy" in the animated film&#;Toy Story&#;is taken to be an homage to Van Dam from his students employed at Pixar.&#;Van Dam denies this, but a copy of his book (Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice) appears on Andy's bookshelf in the film. Brown computer science graduate and&#;Heroes&#;actor&#;Masi Oka&#;'97, was an animator at&#;Industrial Light & Magic.

The department today is home to&#;The CAVE. This project is a&#;virtual reality&#;room used for everything from three-dimensional drawing classes to tours of the&#;circulatory system&#;for medical students. In students from Brown's Technology House converted the south face of the Sciences Library into a&#;Tetris&#;game, the first high-rise-building Tetris ever attempted. Code named La Bastille, the game used a&#;personal computer&#;running&#;Linux, a radio-frequency video game controller, eleven circuit boards, a story data network, and over 10, Christmas lights.

Rhode Island Hall on the College Green, built , designed by&#;James Bucklin&#;in&#;Greek Revival&#;style to house the Natural History department, is now home to the&#;Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology

The Department of Egyptology and Assyriology in Wilbour Hall, the former Samuel Dorrance Mansion, built Wilbour Hall is named for&#;Charles Edwin Wilbour, class of , famed Egyptologist, whose collections and papers are held in the Wilbour Library in New York

The Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World[]

The&#;Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World&#;pursues fieldwork and excavations, regional surveys, and academic study of the archaeology and art of the ancient Mediterranean, Egypt, and Western Asia from the Levant to the Caucasus. The Institute has a very active fieldwork profile, with faculty-led excavations and regional surveys presently in Petra, Jordan, in West-Central Turkey, at Abydos in Egypt, and in Sudan, Italy, Mexico, Guatemala, Montserrat in the West Indies, and Providence, Rhode Island.

The Institute's faculty includes cross-appointments from the departments of Egyptology, Assyriology, Classics, Anthropology, and History of Art and Architecture. Faculty research and publication areas include Greek and Roman art and architecture, landscape archaeology, urban and religious architecture of the Levant, Roman provincial studies, the Aegean Bronze Age, and the archaeology of the Caucasus. The Institute offers visiting teaching appointments and postdoctoral fellowships which have, in recent years, included Near Eastern Archaeology and Art, Classical Archaeology and Art, Islamic Archaeology and Art, and Archaeology and Media Studies.

Egyptology and Assyriology[]

Facing the Joukowsky Institute, across the Front Green, is the Department of Egyptology and Assyriology, formed in by the merger of Brown's renowned departments of Egyptology and History of Mathematics. It is one of only a handful of such departments in the United States. The curricular focus is on three principal areas: Egyptology (the study of the ancient languages, history, and culture of Egypt), Assyriology (the study of the ancient lands of present-day Iraq, Syria, and Turkey), and the history of the ancient exact sciences (astronomy, astrology, and mathematics). Many courses in the department are open to all Brown undergraduates without prerequisite, and include archaeology, languages, history, and Egyptian and Mesopotamian religions, literature, and science. Students concentrating (majoring) in the department choose a track of either Egyptology or Assyriology. Graduate level study comprises three tracks to the doctoral degree: Egyptology, Assyriology, or the History of the Exact Sciences in Antiquity.

The&#;Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, built , designed by&#;Rafael Viñoly

The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs[]

The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs is a center for the study of global issues and public affairs and is one of the leading institutes of its type in the country. It occupies an architecturally distinctive building designed by Uruguayan architect&#;Rafael Viñoly. The Institute was initially endowed by&#;Thomas Watson, Jr., Brown class of , former&#;Ambassador to the Soviet Union, and longtime president of&#;IBM. Institute faculty includes, or formerly included, Italian prime minister and&#;European Commission&#;president&#;Romano Prodi,&#;Brazilian president&#;Fernando Henrique Cardoso,&#;Chilean president&#;Ricardo Lagos Escobar,&#;Mexican novelist and statesman&#;Carlos Fuentes,&#;Brazilian statesman and United Nations commission head&#;Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro,&#;Indian foreign minister and ambassador to the United States&#;Nirupama Rao,&#;American diplomat and&#;Dayton Peace Accords&#;author&#;Richard Holbrooke&#;(Brown '62), and&#;Sergei Khrushchev, editor of the papers of his father&#;Nikita Khrushchev, leader of the&#;Soviet Union.

The Institute's curricular interest is organized into the principal themes of development, security, and governance—with further focuses on globalization, economic uncertainty, security threats, environmental degradation, and poverty. Three Brown undergraduate concentrations (majors) are hosted by the Watson Institute—Development Studies, International Relations, and Public Policy. Graduate programs offered at the Watson Institute include the Graduate Program in Development (Ph.D.) and the Public Policy Program (M.P.A). The Institute also offers Post Doctoral, professional development and global outreach programming. In support of these programs, the Institute houses various centers, including the Brazil Initiative, Brown-India Initiative, China Initiative, Middle East Studies center, The Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CLACS) and the Taubman Center for Public Policy. In recent years, the most internationally cited product of the Watson Institute has been its&#;Costs of War Project, first released in and continuously updated. The Project comprises a team of economists, anthropologists, political scientists, legal experts, and physicians, and seeks to calculate the economic costs, human casualties, and impact on civil liberties of the wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan since

Slater Hall, built , designed by&#;Stone and Carpenter&#;in&#;Ruskinian Gothic&#;style. When its foundation was dug at the south end of the College Green, neighbors objected that the Green "upon which so many are accustomed to gaze while taking daily walks" would be blocked from view, and Slater Hall was re-sited facing the Front Green

Rogers Hall on the College Green, built , designed by&#;Alpheus Morse&#;in the&#;Italian Gothic&#;style as a chemistry laboratory, was renamed in the Salomon Center for Teaching

The School of Engineering[]

Main article:&#;Brown University School of Engineering

Established in , Brown's engineering program is the oldest in the Ivy League and the third oldest civilian engineering program in the country, preceded only by&#;Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute&#;() and&#;Union College&#;(). In the departments of electrical, mechanical, and civil engineering were merged into a Division of Engineering, and in the division was elevated to a School of Engineering.

Engineering at Brown is especially interdisciplinary. The School is organized without the traditional departments or boundaries found at most schools, and follows a model of connectivity between disciplines—including biology, medicine, physics, chemistry, computer science, the humanities and the social sciences. The School practices an innovative clustering of faculties in which engineers team with non-engineers to bring a convergence of ideas.

IE Brown Executive MBA Dual Degree Program[]

Since Brown has developed an Executive MBA program in conjunction with one of the leading Business Schools in Europe;&#;IE Business School&#;in Madrid. This relationship has since strengthened resulting in both institutions offering a dual degree program. In this partnership, Brown provides its traditional coursework while IE provides most of the business-related subjects making a differentiated alternative program to other Ivy League's EMBAs.&#;The cohort typically consists of EMBA candidates from some 20 countries.&#;Classes are held in Providence, Madrid, Cape Town and Online.

The Pembroke Center[]

The Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women was established at Brown in by&#;Joan Wallach Scott&#;as a research center on gender. It was named for Pembroke College, the former women's coordinate college at Brown, and is affiliated with Brown's&#;Sarah Doyle Women's Center. It supports the undergraduate concentration in&#;Gender&#;and&#;Sexuality&#;Studies, post-doctoral research fellowships, the annual Pembroke Seminar, and other academic programs. The Center also manages various collections, archives, and resources, including the Elizabeth Weed Feminist Theory Papers and the Christine Dunlap Farnham Archive.

The Graduate School[]

Established in , the Graduate School has around 2, students studying over 50 disciplines. 20 different&#;master's degrees&#;are offered as well as&#;Ph.D.&#;degrees in over 40 subjects ranging from&#;applied mathematics&#;to&#;public policy. Overall, admission to the Graduate School is most competitive with an acceptance rate of about 10 percent.

The Ship Street Farmer's Market in front of the Medical Education Building on the campus of Brown's Alpert Medical School in the&#;Jewelry District

Brown's School of Public Health on the Riverwalk in Providence occupies a building designed by&#;Edward Larrabee Barnes

Alpert Medical School[]

The University's medical program started in , but the school was suspended by President Wayland in after the program's faculty declined to live on campus (a new requirement under Wayland). In , the first M.D. degrees from the new Program in Medicine were awarded to a graduating class of 58 students. In , the school was officially renamed the Brown University School of Medicine, then renamed once more to Brown Medical School in October In January , Warren Alpert donated $ million to Brown Medical School, in recognition of which its name was changed to the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

In &#;U.S. News & World Report&#;ranked Brown's medical school the 5th most selective in the country, with an acceptance rate of percent. U.S. Newsranks it 31st for research and 21st in primary care.

The medical school is known especially for its eight-year&#;Program in Liberal Medical Education&#;(PLME), inaugurated in One of the most selective and renowned programs of its type in the country, it offered admission to 90 of the 2, applicants for the class entering in autumn , an acceptance rate of percent. Since , the Early Identification Program (EIP) has encouraged Rhode Island residents to pursue careers in medicine by recruiting sophomores from&#;Providence College,&#;Rhode Island College, the&#;University of Rhode Island, and&#;Tougaloo College. In , the school once again began to accept applications from premedical students at other colleges and universities via&#;AMCAS&#;like most other medical schools. The medical school also offers combined degree programs leading to the M.D./Ph.D., M.D./M.P.H.&#;and M.D./M.P.P.&#;degrees.

The Marine Biological Laboratory[]

The&#;Marine Biological Laboratory&#;(MBL) is an independent research institution established in at Woods Hole, Massachusetts. The laboratory is linked to 54 current or past&#;Nobel Laureates&#;who have been research or teaching faculty. Since the MBL and Brown have collaborated in a Ph.D. program in biological and environmental sciences that combines faculty at both institutions, including the faculties of the Ecosystems Center, the Bay Paul Center, the Program in Cellular Dynamics, and the Marine Resources Center.

Online Programs[]

The building in which the School of Professional Studies resides.

The Brown University School of Professional Studies currently offers&#;blended learning&#;Executive Master degrees in Healthcare Leadership, Cyber Security, and Science and Technology Leadership.[76]&#;The masters degrees are designed to help students who have a job and life outside of academia to progress in their respective fields. The students meet in&#;Providence, RI&#;every 6–7 weeks for a week seminar each trimester.

The University has also invested in&#;MOOC&#;development starting in , when two courses,&#;Archeology’s Dirty Little Secretsand&#;The Fiction of Relationship, both of which received thousands of students.[77]&#;However, after a year of courses, the University broke its contract with&#;Coursera&#;and revamped its online persona and MOOC development department. By , the University released new courses on&#;edx, two of which were&#;The Ethics of Memory&#;and&#;Artful Medicine: Art’s Power to Enrich Patient Care. In January , Brown published its first "game-ified" course called&#;Fantastic Places, Unhuman Humans: Exploring Humanity Through Literature, which featured out of platform games to help learners understand materials, as well as a story-line that immerses users into a fictional world to help characters along their journey.

Sustainability[]

Brown has committed to "minimize its energy use, reduce negative environmental impacts and promote environmental stewardship."&#;The Energy and Environmental Advisory Committee has developed a set of ambitious goals for the university to reduce its&#;carbon emissions&#;and eventually achieve&#;carbon neutrality. The "Brown is Green" website collects information about Brown's progress toward greenhouse gas emissions reductions and related campus initiatives, such as student groups, courses, and research.&#;Brown's grade of A-minus was the top one issued in the report of the Sustainable Endowments Institute (no A-grade was issued). Brown has a number of active environmental leadership groups on campus.&#;These groups have begun a number of campus-wide environmental initiatives—including promoting the reduction of supply and demand of bottled water and investigating a composting program.

Athletics[]

A stereoscopic image of the Brown freshman crew in competition at Lake Quinsigamond, Mass., on July 22, Brown rowing, among the pioneer programs in the country, dates from June Its first three-school regatta was held with Harvard and Yale at Lake Quinsigamond on July 27,

The Brown baseball varsity, with&#;W.E. White&#;seated second from right. White's appearance in an major league game may have broken baseball's color line 68 years before&#;Jackie Robinson Brown is a member of the&#;Ivy League&#;athletic conference, which is categorized as a&#;Division I&#;(top level) conference of the&#;National Collegiate Athletic Association&#;(NCAA). The Brown Bears are the third largest university sports program in the United States, sponsoring 38&#;varsity&#;intercollegiate teams (Harvard sponsors 42 and Princeton 39).[citation needed]&#;Brown's athletic program is one of the&#;U.S. News & World Report&#;top 20—the "College Sports Honor Roll"—based on breadth of program and athletes' graduation rates. Brown's newest varsity team is women's rugby, promoted from club-sport status in

Brown women's rowing has won 7 national titles between and &#;Brown men's rowing&#;perennially finishes in the top 5 in the nation, most recently winning silver, bronze, and silver in the national championship races of , , and The men's and women's crews have also won championship trophies at the&#;Henley Royal Regatta&#;and the&#;Henley Women's Regatta. Brown's men's soccer is consistently ranked in the top 20, and has won 18 Ivy League titles overall; recent soccer graduates play professionally in&#;Major League Soccer&#;and overseas. Brown football, under its most successful coach historically, Phil Estes, won Ivy League championships in , , and (Brown football's reemergence is credited to its Ivy League championship team, "The Magnificent Andersons," so named for its coach, John Anderson.) High-profile alumni of the football program include&#;Houston Texans&#;head coach&#;Bill O'Brien; former&#;Penn State&#;football coach&#;Joe Paterno,&#;Heisman Trophy&#;namesake&#;John W. Heisman, and Pollard Award namesake&#;Fritz Pollard. The Men's Lacrosse team also has a long and storied history. Brown women's gymnastics won the Ivy League tournament in and Brown varsity equestrian has won the Ivy League championship several times.&#;Brown also supports competitive intercollegiate club sports, including&#;sailing&#;and&#;ultimate frisbee. The men's ultimate team,&#;Brownian Motion, has twice won the national championship, in and

The first intercollegiate ice hockey game in America was played between Brown and Harvard on January 19, &#;The first university rowing regatta larger than a dual-meet was held between Brown, Harvard, and Yale at Lake Quinsigamond in Massachusetts on July 26,

Student life[]

Campus safety[]

In , Brown University tied with the University of Connecticut for the highest number of reported rapes in the nation, with its "total of reports of rape" on their main campus standing at

Spring weekend[]

Main article:&#;Brown University traditions §&#;Spring weekend

The weekend includes an annual spring concert festival which has featured numerous famous artists.

Residential and Greek societies[]

Ladd Observatory, built –, is on the&#;National Register of Historic Places.

About 12 percent of Brown students are in fraternities and sororities. There are 11 residential Greek houses: six fraternities (Beta Rho Pi,&#;Delta Phi, Delta Tau,&#;Phi Kappa Psi,&#;Sigma Chi, and&#;Theta Delta Chi; three sororities (Alpha Chi Omega,&#;Kappa Alpha Theta, and&#;Kappa Delta), one co-ed house (Zeta Delta Xi), and one co-ed literary society (Alpha Delta Phi).&#;Phi Sigma Kappa&#;fraternity was present on campus from to , but was unable to reactivate after World War II due to wartime losses.[]&#;All recognized Greek-letter organizations are located on campus in Wriston Quadrangle in university-owned housing. They are overseen by the Greek Council.

An alternative to Greek-letter organizations are the program houses organized by themes. As with Greek houses, the residents of program houses select their new members, usually at the start of the spring semester. Examples of program houses are&#;St. Anthony Hall&#;(located in King House), Buxton International House, the Machado&#;French/Hispanic/Latinx House, Technology House, Harambee (African culture) House, Social Action House and&#;Interfaith&#;House.

Currently, there are three student cooperative houses at Brown. Two of them, Watermyn and Finlandia on Waterman Street, are owned by the&#;Brown Association for Cooperative Housing&#;(BACH), a non-profit corporation owned by its members. The third co-op, West House, is located in a Brown-owned house on Brown Street. The three organizations run a vegetarian co-op for the larger community.

All students not in program housing enter a lottery for general housing. Students form groups and are assigned time slots during which they can pick among the remaining housing options.

The largest surviving Hutchings-Votey organ in the world is in Sayles Hall.&#;It has 3, pipes and weighs 25 tons. It is pictured here for Brown's traditional Halloween midnight concert.

Societies and clubs[]

The earliest societies at Brown were devoted to oration and debate. The Pronouncing Society is mentioned in the diary of&#;Solomon Drowne, class of , who was voted its president in It seems to have disappeared during the&#;American Revolutionary War. We next hear of the Misokosmian Society, founded in and renamed the Philermenian Society in This was effectively a secret society with membership limited to It met fortnightly to hear speeches and debate and thrived until the Civil War; in its library held volumes. In a chapter of the Philandrian Society, also secret, was established at the College. In the United Brothers was formed as an egalitarian alternative to the Philermenian Society. "These two great rivals," says the University historian, "divided the student body between them for many years, surviving into the days of President Sears. A tincture of political controversy sharpened their rivalry, the older society inclining to the aristocratic Federals, the younger to the Republicans, the democrats of that day. The students continuing to increase in number, they outran the constitutional limits of both societies, and a third, the Franklin Society, was established in &#;; it never had the vitality of the other two, however, and died after ten years."Other nineteenth century clubs and societies, too numerous to treat here, are described in Bronson's history of the University.

The sesquicentennial poster[]

The Cammarian Club—founded in and taking its name from the Latin for lobster, its members' favorite dinner food—was at first a semi-secret society which "tapped" 15 seniors each year. In , self-perpetuating membership gave way to popular election by the student body, and thenceforward the Club served as the&#;de facto&#;undergraduate student government. In , unaccountably, it voted the name Cammarian Club out of existence, thereby amputating its tradition and longevity. The successor and present-day organization is the generically-named Undergraduate Council of Students.

Societas Domi Pacificae, known colloquially as "Pacifica House," is a present-day, self-described secret society, which nonetheless publishes a website and an email address. It claims a continuous line of descent from the Franklin Society of , citing a supposed intermediary "Franklin Society" traceable in the nineteenth century. But the intermediary turns out to be, on closer inspection, the well-known Providence Franklin Society, a civic organization unconnected to Brown whose origins and activity are well-documented. It was founded in by merchants William Grinnell and Joseph Balch, Jr., and chartered by the General Assembly in January []&#;The "Pacifica House" account of this (conflated) Franklin Society cites published mentions of it in , , and But the first of these (Rhees , see footnote&#;infra) is merely a sketch of the Brown organization; the second (Stockwell ) is a reference-book article on the Providence Franklin Society itself; and the third is the Providence Franklin Society's own publication, which the "Pacifica House" reference mis-ascribes to the "Franklin Society," dropping the word "Providence."[]

Student organizations[]

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Brown University

Brown University is a private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island, United States. Founded in as the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, it is the seventh-oldest institution of higher education in the U.S. and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution.At its foundation, Brown was the first college in the U.S. to accept students regardless of their religious affiliation. Its engineering program was established in It was one of the early doctoral-granting U.S. institutions in the late 19th century, adding masters and doctoral studies in In , Brown adopted a New Curriculum sometimes referred to as the Brown Curriculum after a period of student lobbying. The New Curriculum eliminated mandatory "general education" distribution requirements, made students "the architects of their own syllabus" and allowed them to take any course for a grade of satisfactory or unrecorded no-credit. In , Brown's coordinate women's institution, Pembroke College, was fully merged into the university; Pembroke Campus now includes dormitories and classrooms used by all of Brown. Undergraduate admissions is highly selective, with an acceptance rate of % for the class of The university comprises the College, the Graduate School, Alpert Medical School, the School of Engineering, the School of Public Health and the School of Professional Studies (which includes the IE Brown Executive MBA program). Brown's international programs are organized through the Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, and the university is academically affiliated with the Marine Biological Laboratory and the Rhode Island School of Design. The Brown/RISD Dual Degree Program, offered in conjunction with the Rhode Island School of Design, is a five-year course that awards degrees from both institutions. Brown's main campus is located in the College Hill Historic District in the city of Providence, Rhode Island. The University's neighborhood is a federally listed architectural district with a dense concentration of Colonial-era buildings. Benefit Street, on the western edge of the campus, contains "one of the finest cohesive collections of restored seventeenth- and eighteenth-century architecture in the United States".As of August , 8 Nobel Prize winners have been affiliated with Brown University as alumni, faculty members or researchers. In addition, Brown's faculty and alumni include five National Humanities Medalists and ten National Medal of Science laureates. Other notable alumni include eight billionaire graduates, a U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice, four U.S. Secretaries of State and other Cabinet officials, 54 members of the United States Congress, 55 Rhodes Scholars, 52 Gates Cambridge Scholars 49 Marshall Scholars, 14 MacArthur Genius Fellows, 21 Pulitzer Prize winners, various royals and nobles, as well as leaders and founders of Fortune companies.

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