Maximum fence height los angeles

Maximum fence height los angeles DEFAULT

Fences, Walls, and Hedges.

Fences, walls, and hedges shall be installed and maintained in compliance with the provisions of this section.

A.Maximum Height. The height of a fence, wall, or hedge shall not exceed the maximums allowed by this section.

1.Measurement of Height. The maximum height of a fence, wall, or hedge allowed by this section shall be measured from the highest ground level within two feet of either side of the fence, wall, or hedge.

2.Allowed Height Reduction for Required Fences and Walls. To allow for variation in topography, the height of a fence or wall that is required by this Zoning Ordinance for screening, separation between land uses, or other purposes, may vary. The fence or wall may be as much as six inches lower than the required minimum height, but in no event shall the average height of the fence or wall exceed the maximum height identified in this section.

3.Exempt Fences and Walls. A fence or wall that is required by state or federal law to exceed the height limits of this section shall be exempt from these requirements.

B.General Standards for All Fences, Walls, and Hedges. All fences, walls, and hedges in all zoning districts shall comply with the following requirements, as applicable.

1.Color. Fences and walls, excluding masonry with integral color and approved permanent finishes, shall be stained or painted in a consistent color scheme, which complements the surroundings.

2.Materials. Allowable materials for fences and walls shall be limited to wood, masonry, decorative metal (for example, wrought iron), and other materials approved by the Planning and Development Services Director consistent with the city&#x;s design guidelines. Barbed wire, concertina wire, grape stakes, chain-link, or chain-link with wood slats shall not be allowed as fencing material; except that chain link may be allowed in compliance with subsection (E) below (Security Fencing).

3.Wrought Iron Design. Wrought iron fences shall not terminate at the top in outward curves.

4.Perimeter Fence Finishes. All sides of all perimeter fencing shall be finished in the same colors and textures.

5.Maintenance. Fences, walls, and hedges shall be continuously maintained in an orderly, neat, and good condition, at no more than their maximum allowed height.

C.Residential Zoning District Height Limits. Fences, walls, and hedges on sites within residential zoning districts shall not exceed the following height limits. Residential properties with a parking overlay designation that are used as parking areas, and residential properties with nonconforming commercial uses are subject to the requirements of subsection (D), below.

1.Height Limit Within Front Setback.

a.Fences and Walls. Solid fences and walls within a required front setback shall not exceed a height of 42 inches; except that:

(1)Fences, walls, and combinations of fences and walls that are at least 50 percent transparent not to exceed six feet in height may be allowed in all residential front setbacks. The portion of a fence or wall that exceeds 42 inches in height shall be at least 50 percent transparent.

(2)A solid fence or wall or combination of fence and wall up to a maximum height of six feet may be allowed where the front setback of the residential parcel faces or abuts a General Plan-designated secondary highway, or a site zoned for or developed with a commercial use, or up to a maximum height of 10 feet wherever property zoned for residential abuts a commercial zone or a commercial use, if the Review Authority determines that the fence or wall will not:

(a)Unduly obstruct the view from neighboring residential properties; or

(b)Create a safety hazard to vehicular or pedestrian traffic.

The height and type of the material to be used in constructing the wall shall be approved by the Planning and Development Services Director, or in the case of a project requiring Planning Commission approval, by the Commission, to ensure that the increased height is compatible with the use of the property, does not detract from the pedestrian character of the street and is integrated into the architecture and site design. (See Section concerning driveway visibility.)

b.Hedges. Hedges (and any supporting apparatus) are allowed with no restriction on height so long as the hedges do not block sightlines for drivers per Section (D) or pedestrians as determined by the Planning and Development Services Director. The Director may require trimming, removal, or other modifications to the hedge as required to promote and protect the public health, safety, and welfare.

2.Height Limit Within Street Side Setbacks. Fences, walls, and hedges within a required street side setback shall not exceed 42 inches in height. A 50 percent transparent fence may be al-lowed within the setback area up to six feet in height.

3.Height Limit Within Interior Side and Rear Setbacks. Fences, walls, and hedges within a required interior side or rear setback shall not exceed six feet in height. Except where the property abuts a site zoned for or developed with a commercial use, including parking areas for commercial uses, a solid decorative wall or fence up to 10 feet in height may be constructed along the property line abutting the property with the commercial use. The height and materials of the wall or fence shall be approved by the applicable Review Authority for the project to ensure that the increased height is compatible with the use of the property, does not detract from the pedestrian character of the street, and is integrated into the architecture and site design.

4.Height Limit Outside of Required Setback Areas. Fences, walls, and hedges not within any required setback shall not exceed six feet in height.

D.Commercial Zoning Districts. The following standards shall apply to fences, walls, and hedges on sites within commercial zoning districts.

1.Advertising. Fence, wall, or hedge surfaces shall not be used for advertising or display unless authorized by a creative sign permit (Section ).

2.Maintenance. The walls of any building which partly enclose a yard area or are visible from a street frontage shall be stained, painted, or provided with integral color, as appropriate to the wall surface material used, and permanently maintained.

3.Screening Required Adjacent to Residential Zones. Wherever a site zoned for or developed with a commercial use abuts a residential zone, a solid decorative wall not less than six feet nor greater than 10 feet in height shall be constructed along the property line abutting the residential zone. The height and materials of the wall shall be approved by the applicable review authority for the project. The Review Authority may require a wall up to 10 feet high, when such height is deemed necessary to protect neighboring residential properties from noise impacts or to otherwise protect the public health, safety and welfare.

4.Design. A wall abutting a right-of-way shall be designed to be compatible with the building architecture on the site, and shall be provided with landscaping between the wall and the right-of-way. (See also Section (B)(1)(a).)

5.Height Limit. Fences and walls shall not exceed 42 inches in height except where the Review Authority determines that increased height is compatible with the use of the property, does not detract from the pedestrian character of the street, and is integrated into the architecture and site design. (See Section concerning driveway visibility.)

E.Security Fencing. Except as provided below, chain-link fencing is permitted for a maximum of 90 days to enclose abandoned, undeveloped or vacant property. After 90 days, fencing used to enclose abandoned, underdeveloped or vacant property shall comply with the requirements of Section (d) of this code. Properties actively being developed pursuant to a current and valid building permit may be secured for more than 90 days with chain-link fencing at the discretion of the Planning and Development Services Director or designee.

F.Retaining Wall Standards. Retaining walls with a maximum height of six feet are allowed in all setbacks, provided that they are designed and constructed with an appearance similar to the buildings and other structures on the site, with compatible colors, finishes, and materials, and preferably with a color that is integral with the wall material.

1.Where a retaining wall protects a cut below the natural grade and is located on a front, side, or rear lot line, the retaining wall may be topped by a fence or wall of a total aggregate height that would otherwise be allowed at the location if no retaining wall existed. Where the retaining wall contains a fill, the height of the retaining wall built to retain the fill shall be considered as contributing to the overall allowable height of a fence or wall. In any event, an open-work non-view-obscuring fence of 42 inches may be erected at the top of the retaining wall for safety purposes.

2.Where a fence or wall is located in the required yard adjacent to a retaining wall containing a fill, the fence or wall shall be set back from the retaining wall a distance of one foot for each one foot in height, to a maximum distance of five feet. However, this does not allow a fence or wall in required yards higher than allowed by this section. The area between the fence or wall and the retaining wall shall be landscaped and continuously maintained in an orderly, neat, and good condition.

Retaining walls shall incorporate design features similar to the other structures on the site, and use compatible colors, finishes, and materials, in compliance with this section.

Fence and Wall Standards

(Ord. §§ 23 &#x; 25, ; Ord. § 11, ; Ord. § 7, ; Ord. §§ 9&#x;13, ; Ord. § 2, ; Ord. § 2, )

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04 - Front Yard Fences, Walls (non-retaining), and Gates

Image of fence in front of apartmentThe allowable height of fences, walls (non-retaining) and gates are stipulated in the Zoning Code and the public right of way should not be used to circumvent private property requirements. The Zoning Code requirements shall apply to structures located in the public right-of-way.  Front yard fences, walls (non-retaining), and gates that conform to Zoning Code requirements are generally processed under Tier 1 Revocable permits.  If the front yard fences, walls (non-retaining), and gates requires a field investigation, a Tier 2 fee would be charged.


Once the information has been vetted, City Staff will prepare an Revocable Permit Requirements (RPR) letter.

  1. R Permit Application has been submitted
  2. Determine if the encroachment is in the public right-of-way.
    1. No - If the gate is on private property, Building & Safety would issue a permit.
    2. Yes
      1. Determine the encroachment
      2. Determine the dimensions of the encroachment
      3. For front yard fences, walls (non-retaining), and gates, determine if City Planning approval shall be required.  In cases where the permissible height of the front yard fence, wall (non-retaining), and gate is not within allowable heights, is within a Fence Height District (LAMC ), or within a Historic Preservation Overlay Zone (HPOZ), BOE shall request the Applicant to obtain a variance from City Planning. BOE will not issue a Revocable Permit if Planning doesn't issue a variance.  However, if the Applicant wishes to appeal this decision, they may do so by appealing to the Board of Public Works (this would require BOE to charge the Applicant a Tier 3 fee).
      4. Does the proposed wall meet BOE standards based on engineering judgement.  This would include location, visibility, etc.
      5. Is the structure designed to the City’s Standard Plans (BOE Standard Plan S Series or Building and Safety Requirements for Concrete Masonry Walls)
        1. Yes, confirm accurate information is referenced on the plans
        2. No
          1. Plans will require Structural Review (Central District or Structural Division)
            1. An "A" or "B" Permit and Work Order would be required.  A "B" Permit is typically used if the encroachment effects the geometry and materials during construction of the street.  
            2. A deposit will be required for the Structural Review
      6. Is the structure being placed on a hillside?
        1. Yes
          1. If the roadway fronting the property is less than 20 feet wide, the property owner will be required, as a condition of the R-Permit, to widen/improve it to a minimum paved width of 20 feet which may include concrete curb and gutter.

            A copy of a land survey that shows the proposed/existing encroachments, property line, centerline of roadway/right-of-way, width of existing roadway, and any other existing street improvements fronting the property is required to be submitted with the application.
        2. No, see non-hillside driveway gates if applicable
      7. Is the structure being placed on a non-hillside?
        1. Yes
          1. If on an Arterial Street (Standard Plan S), the structure should be placed feet back of the curb face or edge of roadway to permit a vehicle to temporarily stop in-front of the gate and out of the roadway.  This requirement is per LADOT Driveway Design Manual of Policies and Procedures, Section VI.E.
            1. If the structure can’t be placed feet back, written approval from LADOT will be required
        2. No, see hillside driveway gates if applicable
      8. Is the structure’s aesthetics non-standard? This would include anything considered art, color, or design features.
        1. Yes
          1. Cultural Affairs will need to provide written approval for the structure
        2. No – N/A
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Higher Fences Make Good Neighbors

Someone mentioned to me a few weeks ago that fences in the city of Los Angeles can legally be 8 feet tall.

Say what? When did this happen?

For as long as I can remember, fences could be only 6 feet tall. That’s how high I built mine, even though I wished it could have been taller; that extra 2 feet would have given the garden a better sense of enclosure and a lot more privacy. And the tops of the neighbors’ tool sheds would have disappeared.

According to the city’s building and zoning departments, the rules changed about 10 years ago. Landscape designer Christine Rosmini said she was surprised that this change from 6 to 8 feet “wasn’t front page news” at the time.

“For years, everyone wanted a taller fence, but we would run up against this wall that said 6 feet and no higher,” she said. Apparently, city officials finally agreed that 8 feet was a more reasonable height in a crowded city, where houses seem to be getting bigger and taller and gardens smaller and smaller.

This new height limit is for the city of Los Angeles; to see what the limit is in your town, call the local building department.

Fences are an important part of California gardens, providing both the privacy of which we are so fond and the background against which the garden is seen. In other parts of the country, fences are not considered so important. Many neighborhoods don’t even have fences.

But residents in many other climes don’t spend as much time outdoors as we do, and properties tend to be larger. In this climate, gardens are lived-in outdoor rooms, and fences are the walls.

Especially on smaller lots, fences are also the backdrop for the garden. There is seldom room for trees and big shrubs, the ideal leafy green background for a garden, so a fence must do.

When I built my wood fence of rough Douglas fir, which I let weather into a natural gray, it made a huge difference in the garden, hiding the neighbors’ rusted tool sheds and several ugly old block walls and focusing attention on the flowers.

Six feet was the legal height then. If you wanted a taller fence, you added what was called a “cheater top,” usually a 2-foot-tall panel of lattice that could be removed if you got busted by the building department and put back up as soon as no one was looking.

Now, on “non-hillside” properties in the city of Los Angeles, fences can legally be 8 feet high in the backyard and on the sides behind the legal setback from the street (usually the front of your house). In front, they can be only 3 1/2 feet tall.

This applies only to lots wider than 40 feet, and don’t assume that because your lot is flat, it is what the city calls “non-hillside.” In sloping areas, the building pad may have been graded flat, but the city still considers that hillside, and different rules apply. The city has a handout that explains the rules. It also explains how to figure this out for a corner lot, where sides and backyards get confused.


Although you are legally allowed to build an 8-foot fence, Rosmini recommends that the top 18 inches be see-through lattice or something similar, “so it feels less like a prison.” A solid 8-foot fence is rather imposing and seldom necessary, in her opinion.

Most of the fence can be solid, but making the top airy not only keeps it from feeling so tall but lets the wind whistle through while giving you some privacy screening and a taller backdrop for the garden.

Rosmini has designed many elegant gardens with fences that have appeared in various publications. A vine fancier, she usually grows flowering vines on top of fences, though she stays away from heavy vines like wisteria and bougainvillea.

During the fierce January windstorms, a neighbor of mine lost his wood fence, partly because of the heavy bougainvillea growing along the top.

One of Rosmini’s favorite designs uses posts that are 8 feet above ground (with 3 feet buried), vertical boards on the bottom 7 feet and a railing of paired horizontal 2-by-6s on top. She grows vines along the railings.

Her favorite vines for fences include jasmine (which make a “wall of perfume”) and trumpet vines. The various trumpet vines usually bloom only when they are lying on top of something, like a roof, so the top of a fence is a perfect place for them.

Taller fences need more support. Contractors will tell you that a 6-foot wood fence should have its posts buried 2 feet into the ground, but posts for an 8-foot fence should be buried 3 feet deep. Most use 4-byinch lumber.

Wood fences do not require permits in Los Angeles but, as a result of the Northridge earthquake, masonry fences and walls do.

During that earthquake, one neighbor’s concrete block fence fell flat on its face, crushing the garden underneath, because it was built on too small a footing. Now, concrete block and other masonry fences need a permit if they are taller than 3 1/2 feet, and engineering is required if they are taller than 6 feet. A footing as wide as 3 feet may be required.

Wood fences also have an Achilles’ heel--where they touch the ground. I followed standard procedure when I built my fence, surrounding the redwood posts with concrete, but after 12 years in the ground, they are just about rotten through.

On a new picket fence in the frontyard, I used pressure-treated wood for posts, which should last longer. The posts have been treated, under high pressure, with chemicals that resist rotting organisms. You’ll find two kinds--one that is stained green by the process and one that keeps its natural color, sold as Sunwood.

I’m probably going to have to rebuild the fence in back, and this time I’m determined to find a way to keep it from rotting so quickly.

And it might end up a little higher, now that it’s legal.

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(New Sec. Added by Ord. No. ,, Eff. 3/22/)

A.   Purpose.  This section sets forth procedures, guidelines and standards for the establishment of Fence Height Districts (FH) in residential areas of the City.  The purpose of the Fence Height District (FH) is to permit open wrought iron fences in the front yards of properties in residential zones to be higher than normally permitted by this Code in areas where special circumstances such as a high rate of residential burglary or other crimes, or the character of the neighborhood necessitates the erection of those fences.

B.   Establishment of Districts.  The procedures set forth in Section S. shall be followed except that each Fence Height District (FH) shall include only lots which are in residential zones, and shall not include lots which are in Hillside Areas, in the Coastal Zone, in Historic Preservation Overlay Zones, or in Specific Plan Areas.  (Amended by Ord. No. ,, Eff. 12/18/)

C.   Development Regulations. Fences not exceeding six feet in height above the adjacent natural ground level are permitted in the required front yards of lots in a Fence Height District (FH), provided that:

   1.   The fences are of open wrought iron, with any solid portion of the fence, including vegetation or similar obstruction, not exceeding three and one-half feet in height.

   2.   The fences may be supported by solid six-foot high pilasters with a maximum dimension of 24 inches and spaced not less than eight feet apart on center.

   3.   No vertical wrought iron member shall be greater than 5/8 inches in diameter nor spaced less than four inches apart on center.

   4.   No horizontal wrought iron member shall be greater than one inch in diameter nor spaced less than 18 inches apart on center.

   5.   No vegetation of any type which produces a hedge-like effect shall be allowed to grow upon or adjacent to the fence to a height above three foot six inches.

   6.   The wrought iron fence and pilasters shall be setback from the front property line a minimum of 18 inches and shall be maintained with landscaping and serviced by an automatic irrigation system.

   7.   A minimum five-foot by five-foot cut corner shall be provided wherever the wrought iron fence meets the driveway.

   8.   All lighting fixtures supported by the fence, if provided, shall be in full compliance with the Los Angeles Municipal Code with regard to illumination and an after-hours inspection shall be requested by the owner to assure levels of illumination are acceptable.  This inspection shall be conducted by the Lighting Enforcement Division of the Department of Building and Safety and a fee paid for the inspection by the applicant.

   9.   Any driveway gate(s) shall be of open wrought iron, and if provided, shall be no more than six feet in height and shall either be sliding or be designed to open inward to the property.  If an electric driveway gate of open wrought iron is provided, it shall have a gate operator approved by an approved testing laboratory and shall incorporate a safety device to interrupt gate operation in case the gate becomes blocked.

      A foot by foot visibility triangle pursuant to Section C7(a) shall be provided on corner lots and the fence shall be clear of any obstruction above three feet six inches.

      If any pilaster is within five feet of a driveway, a convex mirror at least 12 inches in diameter shall be placed so as to provide visibility in the direction blocked by the pilaster for the drivers of vehicles exiting the driveway.


Fence height angeles maximum los

Fence, Tree, and Hedge Height Law

  1. Is property subject to CCRs or other recorded property specific restrictions?
  2. Local zoning – Los Angeles Municipal Code provisions
  3. Spite fence law

  1. Is property subject to CCRs or other recorded property specific restrictions?

Many properties, particularly in tracts north of Sunset (from the Hollywood Hills, Bel Air, Brentwood, and Pacific Palisades), are subject to recorded CC&Rs (conditions, covenants, and restrictions), DORs (declarations of restriction) or similar recorded restrictions which limit heights of fences, trees, etc.  For instance, in Pacific Palisades, some of the Marquez Knolls CC&Rs limits boundary fences and walls to a height of three feet.   (Tract , ¶14)   Obtain a title report to determine if your property is in &#;tract&#; and then determine if there were any CC&Rs recorded.

  1. Local zoning, Los Angeles Municipal Code provisions

The Los Angeles Municipal Code defines the terms “fence” and “wall” to include: latticework, ornamental fences, screen walls, hedges or thick growths of shrubs or trees.

First, determine the property’s zoning: ZIMAS

  • Zoning
  • Hillside Area (Zoning Code)
  • Other

Second, the basic rules from Los Angeles Municipal Code §12 C(f) (check the Ordinance for updates/changes) :

  • FRONT YARD FENCES: in most residential areas, fences, hedges, trees are limited to ′ in height in the front yard.
  • SIDE YARDS, REAR YARDS AND OTHER SPACES: 6′ or 8′ depending on property’s zoning. For example:
    • 8 ft. maximum height – R zoned property, if lot width is 40 ft. or greater and not in hillside area.
    • 6 ft. maximum height – R zone if lot width is less 40 ft
    • 6 ft. maximum height – R zone, hillside area.

See LAMC §C(f)(3) for full text of law and height limits in other property zones (which is below).

Third, how is the height measured:

  • The Ordinance states: “Fence and wall height shall be measured from the natural ground level adjacent thereto.”



  1. Spite Fence Law

What is a spite fence?

California spite fence law starts with Civil Code section  It states, “any fence or other structure in the nature of a fence unnecessarily exceeding 10 feet in height maliciously erected or maintained for the purpose of annoying the owner or occupant of adjoining property is a private nuisance.” The statute is not limited to traditional fences. In Wilson v. Handley () 97 Cal.App.3d , the Court of Appeals held that trees and hedges planted in a row to form a barrier may be deemed a spite fence. The court agreed in Vanderpol v. Star () Cal.App.4th , finding that at row of pine trees planted along a neighbor’s boundary line could be considered a spite fence for the purposes of the statute.

The court in Wilson v. Handley expanded the definition of a “structure in the nature of a fence.” Defendants argued that a row of trees was a not a “structure”, and thus could not come under Section  The court, however, defined a fence as  a “structure … erected … to separate two contiguous estates,” and “a barrier intended … to mark a boundary.” Ultimately, the court concluded that, in light of the purpose of the spite fence statute, the term “fence” should be liberally construed. By this reasoning, other non-traditional fence-like structures may come under the California spite fence statute.

The Los Angeles Municipal Code has its own spite fence statute. LAMC Section states, “”No person shall maliciously construct, erect, build, plant, cultivate or maintain any fence or wall or any hedge or similar growth unnecessarily exceeding six (6) feet in height, for the purpose of annoying the owners or occupants of adjoining property.”

How do you prove it?

Both the California and Los Angeles spite fence statutes require a showing that the fence was “maliciously” constructed or maintained. Courts generally use the “dominant purpose” test to determine malice. Under that test, if the dominant purpose in constructing or maintaining the fence was to annoy a neighbor, then malice may be found. However, if there is another dominant purpose for the fence, such as to maintain the aesthetic qualities of one’s property or to protect one’s own privacy, then there is no malice. Since every dispute is different, the question of malice must be answered on a case-by-case basis.

The California spite fence statute also requires a showing of damages. In Vanderpol v. Starr, the jury originally awarded damages for the reduction of property value caused by a neighbor’s spite fence. On appeal, however, the court says this loss of property value was the wrong measure of damages.  Instead, the California spite fence statue requires injury to the “comfort or enjoyment” of one’s property. The court likened the spite fence statute to other nuisance statutes, which similarly require that the complaining party was “injuriously affected” or have his or her “personal enjoyment [] lessened by a nuisance.”

How do you enforce it?

The California spite fence statute includes a right of enforcement for private citizens. It states that any person may enforce the statute by filing a civil action, pursuant to Civil Code section

Unlike the California statute, the LAMC spite fence statute does not explicitly include a right of enforcement by private citizens. However, under California Government Code section , a private citizen may still be able to sue for violations of the LAMC.  Section states that violation of a city ordinance may, “be prosecuted by city authorities in the name of the people of the State of California, or redressed by civil action” (Emphasis added). In Riley v. Hilton Hotels Corp. () Cal.App.4th , , the court held that Section allowed a private individual to sue for an alleged violation of the Beverly Hills Municipal Code.  Following that case, the court of appeal (Second District) in an unpublished decision held that a home owner had &#;standing&#; to enforce the Section  (D)(3) of the Morro Bay Municipal Code provides: “Fences, walls, and hedges not exceeding six feet, six inches in height may occupy any side or rear yard area.”  (Kraus v. Grilli)

The Turner Law Firm is one of the leading law firms in view rights, and has handled lots of cases involving tree, fence and hedge heights, including concerning front, side and rear yard violations of Los Angeles Municipal Code §12 C(f).

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How High can your Fence Be?

Good fences may make good neighbors, but how high can your fence be? In Los Angeles the answer is not so simple, and depends on the location of the property.

In most residential zones (R1 zones), the front yard fence can be feet high, and the side and rear yard fences 8 feet high–if the width of the lot is 40 feet or greater ( 6 feet if less than 40 feet). In some cases, an 8-foot fence can be installed in the front yard–with the permission of the Department of City Planning. 
Keep in mind that while the side yard fences can be six or eight feet tall,  they can only be feet tall from the front property line to the required front setback line (usually the front wall of the house).

Other zones have different regulations. Properties in the RA and A zones can have a front yard fence that is 6 feet high. In Hillside areas (determined by the City, not by the actual flatness of your property), fence heights vary, and you must consult with an architect or building official to get the information for your specific lot. Wood fences typically do not require a building permit, but masonry fences do, when they’re taller than feet.


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