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NC officers reported 46 violations during checkpoint event at state border

CAMDEN COUNTY, N.C. (WAVY) — North Carolina officers say they filed 46 traffic and criminal violations during the traffic safety checkpoint event on Tuesday.

“Hands Across the Border” is a checkpoint event between multiple agencies in North Carolina and Virginia. Agencies who participated in the event included:

  • Camden County Sheriff’s Office
  • Chesapeake (VA) Police Department
  • Chowan County Sheriff’s Office
  • Duck Police Department
  • Nags Head Police Department
  • North Carolina State Highway Patrol
  • Pasquotank County Sheriff’s Office

The checkpoint was hosted by the Camden County Sheriff’s Office and conducted near the North Carolina and Virginia state line on US Highway 17 to ensure commuters’ compliance with traffic laws.

During the event, North Carolina officers say they filed a total of 46 traffic and criminal violations including:

  • Driving While License Revoked – 4
  • Seatbelt Violations – 4
  • No Operator’s License – 12
  • Drug Violations – 3

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[From the U.S. Government Printing Office,]
COASTAL ZONE INFORMATION CENTER Camden County HD 1975 211 Land Use Plan 1985 .N8 C353 1976 COASTAL ZONE INFORMATION CENTER Camden County Land Use Plan 1975 1985 T. F. "[email protected]" LEARY, Chairman FRANKLIN J. WILLIAMS, Vice-Chairman M. J. JOHNSON, Sr. JACK LEARY, Clerk CARPEN COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA OFFICE OF 'rHE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS Camden, N. C. 27921 lots Coastal,Resources Commission P. 0. Box 27687 Raleigh, N. C. 27611 Sirs: The County of Camden hereby transmits one certified copy of the Camden County Land Development Plan to the Coastal Resources Commission. The plan was formally reviewed at a public hearing held at the courthouse on May 10, 1976. : The plan was adopted by the Commissioners at a special meeting held on May 27# 1976* Chairmah C'k le- 4!Capps, ASLA Landscape Architect - Planning Consultant Elizabeth City, North Carolina and North Carolina Department of Natural and Economic Resoucces Division of Community Assistance Thomas B. Richter, Field Office Chief Howard T. Capps, Senior Planner Dee Holmes, Planner Technician Wilbur Walker, Draftsman Peggy Sawyer, Secretary Debbie Branch, Secretary TABLE OF CONTENTS Page I. INTRODUCTION A. Purpose of Plan B. History of Planning Effort 2 I1. DESCRIPTION OF PRESENT CONDITIONS A. Population 4 B. Econony 8 C. Existing Land Use 14 1. Significant Compatibility Problems 17 2. Problems-from Unplanned Development 17 3. Areas Experiencing Major Land Use Change D. Current Plans, Policies and'Regulations 1. Plans and Policies 19 a. 201 Facilities Plan b. Transportation Plan c. Community Facilities Plan d. Land Use Plan 2. Local Regulatims 22 aL. Subdivisim Regulations b. Zoning Ordinance c. Septic Tank Regulaticns d. Flood Ordinance 3. Federal and State Regulatians. 23 III. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION ACTIVITIES A. Identification and Analysis of Major land Use Issues 24 B. Alternatives Considered in Development of the Objec- tives, Policies and Standards 26 C. Land Use Objectives, Policies and Standards 27 D. Determination of Objectives, Policies and Standards 31 E. Securing Public Participation 32 IV. CONSTRAINTS A. Physical Limitations 33 1. Man-Made Hazard Areas 2. Natural Hazard Areas a. Coastal Floodplains b. Estuarine Erodible Areas 3. Soil Limitations a. Hazards for Foundations b. Poorly Drained Soils c. Septic Tank Limitations 4. Sources of Water Supply a. Ground Water Recharge Areas 5. Slopes Exceeding Twelve Percent B. Fragile Areas 43 @1. Coastal Wetlands 2. Estuarine Waters 3. Public Trust Areas 4. Complex Natural Areas 5. Renmant Species Areas 6. Histor! c Sites C. Areas with Resource Potential 63 1. Productive and Unique Agricultural Lands 2. Potentially Valuable Mineral Sites 3. Publicly Owned Forests and Parks D. Capacity of Commmity Facilities 65 1. Existirg Water and Sewer Service Areas 2. Design Capacity and Percent Utilization of Water Plant, Schools and Primary Roads V. ESTIUM DEMAND A. Pcpulation and EcanouV 1. Population 70 a. Ten-Year Population Projection b. 5, 10, 25 and 50 Year Projections c. Long-Term Projections and Desires of the People d. Capabilities of Land and Water to Sustain Growth e. Seasonal Population Carrying Capacity ISSILe - Existing Platted Lots 2. Econon7 76 a. Identification of Major Trends and Factors in Economy B. Future Land Needs 77 1. Land Demand for Land Classification C. Community Facilities Demand 78 1. Demand m Commmity Facilities 2. Cost of Services to Accomodate Projected Growth 3. Ability of Local Economy to Finance Service Expansion V1. PLAN DESCRIPTION 79 A. Land:Classification System VII. POTENTIAL AREAS OF EVIRONMENTAL CONCERN 90 VIII. SUMBRY 107 A. Data Assembly, Analysis, Major Conclusians and Application of Data to Plan IX. APPENDICES 108 A. Adult Planning Questionnaire Results B. High School Seniors Questionnaire Resulta C. Mnutes of Public Hearing held May 10, 1976 r INTRODUCTION Purpose of Plan History of Planning Effort The purpose of the Camden County Land Use Plan is to provide a plan- ning tool which can be used by local, state and federal officials as well as planning board members,, developers and citizens in understand- ing the potentials and problem areas of the county. It is also intend- ed to provide factual informaticn on which areas of the county can be developed in future years without having detrimental effects on the enviramment and which areas should be looked at very closely when deve- lopment is being considered. Also, the plan identifies areas of the county that would be adversely affected if certain types of development should take place. These areas are not only important to citizens of Camden County, but citizens of the state and nation, and should be protected from certain types of development. In summ the purpose of the Camden County Land Use Plan is to document how the county has grown in the past and to provide direction for future growth, based an the desires and reeds of Camden County citizens. The plan is also intended to form the basis for a comprehensive plan for the protectica, preservatian and orderly development and management of a portion of Coastal North Carolina. Purpose of the Pikan 1 The planning effort began with the appointment by the Governor of 3.3 members to the Coastal Resources Commission. The appointments were made from lists of nominees submitted by local governments throughout the twenty coastal counties. All commissimers are residents of the coastal area and share a commaa concern for its future. Their task is to assemble the plans submitted by local goverments into a coherent framework; making sure that all plans conform to the guidelines of the Act, and do not conflict with each other. They are also'charged with the responsibility of making sure that periodic reviews of the plans are undertaken by local goverment and necessary revisims made to reflect changing public attitudes and economic trends. In order to improve cammnicatims between the Coastal Resources Com- mission and local governments, the Coastal Resources Advisory Council was also appointed by the Governor from nominees .3ubmitted by local government, and professional people with expertise in fields associated with coastal management. This Council serves to keep the Commissian informed as to local public opinion and professional judgements asso- ciated with specific issues. This blend of local citizens and profes- sionals serves to assure that the Commission will receive balanced advice and recommendations from the Council. It has been the responsibility of local governments, mder the Act, to submit land use plans to the Commission; plans which follow the guide- lines,of the Act and the desires of local people. To do this, the Camden County Board of Commissimers chose to establish a 15 member Histox7 of CAMA planning Effort 1 advisory board made up of 5 citizens representing each of the 3 town- ships. The Camden County Growth Advisory Board was responsible for establishing concerns and issues of citizens in the county and recomend- ations m goals and objectives to resolve issues andconcerns. They were also responsible for informing the public about the program. History of CAMA.Planning Effort V DESCRIPTION OF PRESEN- CONDITIONS Population Eoonomy Existing Land Use Table 1 Population for Camden County 1900 1970 5700 -.5600 F5598 -5500 [email protected] -5400 .5453 5300 5200 15223 5100 5000 1900 1910 1920 1930 @1940 1950 060 1970 198V Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census Population The 1970 census indicated a total population for the county of 5,453 peo- ple which was a 2.6% decrease below the 1960 populatim. The county's population has increased and decreased sporadically since 1900 (see Table 1 and 2) with a net decrease in population of 21 people, which represents a 0.4% decrease. This figure when compared to the region's 12.1% increase and the state's 168.4% increase since 1900 clearly shows that the region's population growth has been below the state as a whole and the county's growth has been far'below the region. The county is divided into three townships with each containing approximately me third of the total population. As can be seen in Table 3, all three townships had gained in population from 1950 to 1960 and lost population from 1960 to 1970. As illustrated by Table 4 the county since the 1960 census has been losing people in the 25-49 age group while at the same time increasing in number the 50 to 65 and over age group. This outmigration of the 25-49 age group may be due to the lack of job opportunities in the area, while the increase in the 50-65 and over age group may be due to the fact that people find Camden County an ideal area to retire. Also, long time residents of the area may have family ties or land holdings that make this area the most desirable place to be. Population - 1 Tab le 2 Rate of Population Increase in Per Cent Dates Camden Region R North Carolina 1900-10 3.0 7.8 16.5 1910-20 -4.6 -0.4 16.o 1920-30 1.5, 2.1 23.9 1930-40 '-0 4 .1.7 12.7 1940-50 -4.0 1.7 13.7 1950-60 7.2 0.1 12.2 1960-70 -2.6 -0.4 11.5 1900-70 -0.4 13.1 168.4 Source: Table 1, U. S. Bureau of Census Table 3 Populatim by Township 1950-1970 1950 1,904 (36.5%) 1960 2,015 (36.0%) South 14ills 1970 1.9929 (35.4%) 1950 1,685 (32.2%) 1960 1,858 (33.2%) Courthouse 1970 1,848 (33.9%) 1950 1,634 (31.'3%) !960 lp725 (30.8%) Shiloh 1970 1,676 (30.7%) Total County Populatim 1950 5,223, 1960 5p598, 1970 5,453 Population 2 Table 4 Camden County Age DistributiarL 1950-1970 Age 1950 1960 1970 0-14 1,740 (33.3 %) 2JV002 (35.8%) 1.9706 (31.3%) 15-24 793 (15.2%) 782 (14.0%) 850 (15.6%) 25-34 686 (13.1%) 595 (10.6%) .592 (10.9%) 35-49 918 (17.6%) 950 (17.0%) 875 (16.0%) 50-64 699 (13.4%) 781 (14.0%) 844 (15.5%) 65+ 381 7.3%) 488 8.7%) 586 (10.7%) TOTAL 5,223 (100%) 5,598 (100%) 5,453 (100%) Source: U. S. Bureau ot the Census Populattm!- 3 Camden County is a predominantly agricultural county with no major In- dustries at the present time. The small industries in the county are forest-oriented firms with few employees. Based on 1970 census infor- mation, Camden County had the highest percentage in the state of resi- dents, 61.8%, commuting outside the county for job opportunities. Mamy citizens are commuting to the Elizabeth City'area or Tidewater, Virginia. This candition has an obvious detrimental aff ect an the local economy. As illustrated in Table 1, industries other than agriculture and numufac- turing are becoming more important to the citizens as far as job oppor- tunities are concerned. Since 1930 job opportunities in indlistries other than agriculture and manufacturing have grown from 22.5% to 65.9% in. 1970 while at the same time the per cent of the civilian labor force in manufacturing has risen from 4.7% in 1930 to 20.6% in 1970. Agricultural employment had dropped from 72.8% in 1930 to only 13.5% in 1970. This drop can be attributed to the fact that farms are becoming large and more mechanized and require fewer people for operation. As pointed out earlier, the county is predominantly agricultural and those manu acturing and nonmanufacturing jobs listed above are for the most part jobs found outside the county. Agriculture, which is the major factor in the local economy, is relative- ly strong as indicated on Table 2. Like many of the other coastal counties of North Carolina, soybeans and corn are the two major money crops of the area. [email protected] economy - 1 Table 3 indicates that Camden County has the smallest retail base of any of the surrounding counties. This reflects the very rural conditions in the county and the lack of retail outlets. As mentioned earlier, Camden County has the highest percentage of work- ers co=mlting outside the county for work. Specifically, 61.8% of the work force, based on 1970 census information, is leaving the county for jobs. Most citizens are either working in Elizabeth City or in Tidewater Virginia as shown on Table 4. 0 40 X 0,* 000, Soo 040, 90. 30 000 *of V .% 0,0 .00 .*o 20 000 0*0 90 0.0 0.. 'o., foe 10 0,0 0*0 .0.0 0.1,400 B 2289000 1196,000 501,000 686,000. Wheat 3,600 3,450 A 180,000 1.10,500 254,000 138,000 Sweet Potatoes 40 40 B 4,400 5,200 23,150 30,700 Peanuts 40 50 C 72 86 10,100 12,400 A. Bushels B. Hundredweight C. Thousand Pound Source: Crop Reporting Service Department of Agriculture 1973-74 Table 3-- Gross Retail Sales (In Millions of Dollars) $10 $20 $30 [email protected] $50 [email protected] $70 $80 Camden Chowan ..... Currituck Dare Gates . ......... ................ PasquOtan Perquimango .... *..I 1961-62 1971-72 Source: N.In an effort to provide the Planning Board and other local officials with land use information at a scale large enough to serve as a good planning tool, the following method was used: A. Field survey of county in July and August of 1975 was am- ducted utilizing 1973 and 1974 1:24,000 aerial photographs as base. B. Used photo quad aerials as base for 1:24,000 detail land use ,Map quads. Camden County consists of eleven quad maps which are: Powells Point NW South Adlls NE Wade Point NE South Mlls NW Barco, SW Lake Drummond SE Elizabeth-City SE Lake Drummond SW Elizabeth City SW Lake.Drummond SW(A) Elizabeth City NW C. Each detail land use quad map has indicated under the scale the communities which have been mapped at the 1" 400' scale. Also, each map has at the right hand corner a county grid system with the relationship of the quads to the overall county shown. The grid has one quad crosshatched which indicates the relation- ship of the quad to the other quads covering the county. D. The General Land Use I&p has been prepared from reduced photo- graphs of the 1:24,000 detail land use quads. In addition to the General Land Use Map, a Key Map has been included to enable the Camden - 1 user to relate detail quads to General Land Use Map. E. Detail Community Maps at the 111 = 400' scale are based on field survey of land use conducted in August, 1975, with tax maps used as base. It is hoped that this mapping will serve as a base for additional re- finements. Also, hopefully these maps can be used in the future to show in mor e detail such things as Land Classification designations and general locatian of Areas of Environmental Concern. This detail information will be helpful when relating proposed future develop- ment to these two elements of the plan. Camden 2 -s' 4%, 11A ftWA .jj=, fts '00 0 4' DETAIL COMMUNITY MAPS I I .-o NT, u I UT 7M45KVMA=W C=OCZATIM UG lUE XM=MMRIAL rm=MMD wrl7m 0 [email protected] 2 CAMDEN CO LMFrY EXISTING LAND USE MAP x Existing Land Use Camden County has been and remains a very rural county with large land areas under cultivation or in forestry. Housing is scattered throughout the county with the largest concentrations of housing 'Occurring in the South Mills area. ILIso, Camden, Belcross and the Texaco Beach/Shiloh areas.are points of housing ccneentration. Since the county has no' incorporated communities there is no real commercial- center. However, most of the commercial businesses in the county are located in the South Mls area and almg the U. S. Highway 158 from Elizabeth City bridge to Belcross. The Dismal Sw6np State Park which is presently in the early stages of development takes in a large portion of the north end of the county. Forested areas are the predominant land use along the Camden-Currituck County Line. Also, a large forested area exists ad- jacent to the North River from the headwaters of the North River down to Broad Creek. ThE southern end of the county is presently being developed for second. homes. This development has been in progress since 1966 and is proceeding very slowly. Existing industrial land use cansists of agricultural and forest product oriented industries of a rather Tninor nature. Significant Land Use Compatibility Problems Significant lend use compatibility problems for the most part have been avoided in the county for several reasons. First, the countyis present- ly and will most likely remain a very rural area with a very small pop- ulation. As mentioned earlier, industrial and comercial development Is very limited and therefore has not caused any compatibility problems. One area of the county that does present a potential future problem is the Camden Point Shores Area. This is a second home development that began in 1966 in an area with a very high water table. Although exten- sive drainage has taken place to correct the problem, there still appears to be a potential future problem if the area is developed with septic tanks being used for sewage disposal. At present approximately 483 lots have been platted covering an are6 of some 5,000 acres, with 25 structures built in the development. Problems from Unplanned Growth Camden County has avoided any problems from unplanned growth simply due to the [email protected] the county is very rural andhas not experienced a great deal of growth over the years. Also, the County Commissioners and Planning Board are very aware of some.'of the problems adjacent counties have had with unplanned growth. In fact, the county prepared their awn Zoning Ordinance, Subdivision Regulations and Sketch Deve- lopment Planlin 1972 to avoid such problem in anticipation of growth in the [email protected],ture'. Areas Experiencing or Likely to Experience Major Land Use Changes The area around South bUlls may change during the ten-year planning period in proportion to the extent and type of development that takes place in the Dismal Swamp State Park. Also, the widening of U. S..17 through the South Ifills area may change the land use of areas adjacent to any off ramps that are designed into the highway system. 201 Stu!IZ The city of Elizabeth City has joined with Pasquotank County and Camden County to submit an application for a 201 Facilities Planning Study. This study is the first phase of a 3-part federal program for the deve- lcpment and implementation waste water facility plans for the area. The boundaries of the study area are delineated to evaluate important area-wide geographic, demographic and hydrologic considerations and include portions of Pasquotank County and Camden County, as well as- the entire Elizabeth City Area. The purpose of the first phase of this study will be to evaluate the waste water treatment needs within the study boundary araa, including the need for additional waste water treatment, problems of infiltration into the existing sewer collector system in Elizabeth City and suggest the most cost effective solution to deal with the area-wide need and infiltration probleirs. . Later phases of the 201 Facilities Planning program will involve implementation steps to construct the required facilities, The poor soil conditions in the area for septic tank use make this planning study of great importance to prevent future health hazards, correct existing health hazards and insure the drainage basins and Pasquotank River system are kept free from potential waste water contamination. Already desired growth in certain areas within the study boundary has been prevented through the denial of septic tank permits due to poor soil conditions. Only an area-wide waste water [email protected] 35 management and planning program including facilities will address these problems. Specific planning elements of the phase 1 201 Facilities Planning pro- gram will consist of analysis of environmental, infiltration/inflow,, population, land use and topographical factors, as well as waste water disposal alternatives, cost effective analysis and environmental assess- ment. This planning work will be completed by the professicnal engineer- ing services of J. N. Pease Associated. Elizabeth City has been desig- nated the lead agency and work is expected to begin on phase 1 during- 1976. Implementatian would be expected within 3-5 years depending upon availability of funds. The 201 facilities planning boundary area was designated,by the state through the Department of Natural and Eco- nomic Resources in conjunction with local input. This boundary includes,. large amounts of undeveloped lands in both counties. Implementation of the resulting waste water treatment alternatives in the 201 Facilities Plan will insure that this growth can proceed without risIdng further health hazards. T&st important economic benefits will accrue to the individual land owner who desires to develop the land, as well as to the entire area in terms of-sufficient facilities to take care of growth. 2 Transportation Plans Camden County, as do all other counties in North Carolina, comes under the Highway Improvement Program 1974-1981. This plan represents a state-wide schedule of highway improvement projects to be undertaken during the seven-year period from 1974-1981. The widening of U. S. 17 north of Elizabeth City through the South IvElls area up to the North Carolina-Virginia line In Camden County is called for during the plan- ning period. Com mun ity Facilities Plans Two plans have recently been prepared pertaining to community facilities. The first is the Water Resource Management Plan by William F. Freemen Associates (1975) which inventories existing water distribution and waste water collection and treatment systems for each county in the Region R. It also makes recommendations for future facilities based upon anticipated demand. The plan makes recommendations on expansion of the South 14ills Water Association System. The second plan is the Water Facilities Feasibility Study prepared by Moore, Gardner and Assoc- iates. This plan also deals with the South hUlls Water Association System and the feasibility of expanding to a county-wide water system with the South Mills System serving as a base. Land Use Plan' In 1973 the County Planning Board and Board of County Commissioners prepared a Sketch Development Plan. Some of the major elements included a desire to preserve large portions of the county for agricultural and Current Pians, Policies, Regulations Camden 1 timber use. Commercial development should be concentrated in existing communities and the recreational potential of the area should be deve- loped. All of the goals relate well to the goals recommended by the Advisory Board after obtaining citizen input. The county has not adopted utilities extension policies, open space or recreation policies. Subdivision Regulations Subdivision plats have been reviewed by the Camden County Planning Board since adoption of the regulations in November, 1972. 'The regulations set design standards such as street location, building setback lines and easement location. In essence the purpose of the regulations is to reg ulate and control the subdivision of land within the county in order to promote the public health, safety and general welfare of the community. The Plaming Board and County Commissioners have the responsibility of enforcing the regulations. Zoning Ordinance The zoning ordinance became effective November 1, 1972. The purpose of ordinance is to promote the sound and harmonious development of Camden County and to further the general welfare of all residents by safe- guarding property values. The county has a full time zoning officer who is responsible for the daily administration, and an appointed Board of Adjustment with the power to hear appeals from the zoning officer's decisions inmatters of the interpretation of the ordinance. The Current Plans- Policies, Regulations Camden 2 /'Y Board may also grant variances based on facts presented on an individual case basis. Septic Tank Regulations Septic tank permits are issued by the County Sanitarian, who checks the soil characteristics of each lot before a permit is issued. He also makes recommendations on the size system.and locatim based on the nunber of bedrooms in a home or other factors. Flood Ordinance The County Board of Commissioners passed a Flood Insurance Land Use Ordinance in November, 1973, in compliance with the National Flood Insurance Program. The Planning Board has the responsibility for delineating or assisting in the delineation of areas that are special flood hazard areas. Any new or substantially inpr.)ved.structures located within the flood hazard area must record w.-*-th the Planning Board the elevation of the lowest floor of the structure. The main, purpose of the program is to encourage construction above the 100-year flood level. The co-unty has not adopted historic districts, nuisance regulations, dune protection ordinance, sedimentation codes or environmental impact statement ordinance. Federal and State Regulations Information on federal and state regulations was to be supplied to the local government by the state to be included in the plan. As of this date the information has not been received. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION. ACTIVITIES Identification and Analysis of Major Land Use Issues Alternatives Considered In Development of The Objectives, Policies and Standards Objectives, Policies and Standards Determination of Objectives, Policies and Standards Securing Public Participation The Camden County Growth Advisory Board determined at their secand meet- ing that the best way to obtain citizen opinion an issues in the county was the use of a plaming questionnaire,. A subcommittee was charged with the respcnsibility of formulating a questionnaire for distribution to citizens throughout the county. The Advisory Board decided to dis- tribute the questionnaire to taxpayers in the county. This was done by sending a copy of the questiannaire in the mail with return postage paid. This method assured the Board of a wide distribution throughout the county. Also, presentations were made to groups with a request for their participation in the planning process. Based on this effort, the County Growth Advisory Board established the following issues: 1. Issue: Future land use development in the county Citizens of Camden County feel that future development of the county should be orderly. They are also concerned that the rural atmosphere of the ccunty be maintained. Findings: When adults and high school students were asked about future land development in the county over 90% of the adults answering the auestion and over 87% of the high school students answering the question felt that future development must be planned. Also, when adults and students were asked about the need for more control on land development 60% of the adults and 50% of the students agreed that there should be more control. 21% of the adults and 36% of the students that answered the question were neutral. 2. Issue: Location of future major development in the county Future major development taking place in the county should be can- Identificatim and Analysis of land Use Issues - Camden - 1 centrated in or near existing communities. This would make extensicn of the South lElls water lines into an area feasible if there is a concen- tration of development. Findings: When citizens were asked about location of future growth over 55% of the adults and over 76% of high school students responding to the question felt that future growth should be concentrated in existing communities (Example: South Mlls, Camden, Belcross). This concen- tration of future growth would also help assure the protection of natural resources and wildlife areas which was of major concern to both adults and high school seniors. Specifically, when adults and high school seniors were asked about natural resource protection over 90% of the adults'and over 85% of the high school seniors indicated these areas should be protected. 3. Issue: Tourist and recreational potential Of the area Although citizens of the county desire to see the area remain a predominantly rural area they are also cmeerned vrith additianal employ- ment opportunities. The recreatian and tourist potential of the area is seen as ane way of protecting the rural atmosphere and at the same time allowing some economic expansim. Findings: When citizens were asked about development of tourism in the county over 65% of the adults and over 75% of the high school seniors answering the questicn felt that the tourist potential of the area should be developed. When recreation was discussed over 79% of the adults and over 86% of the high school seniors answering the question felt that more recreaticnal facilities were needed in the county. 4. Issue: Preservation of historic landmarks Identification and Analysis of Land Use Issues - Camden 2 The county has a large number of significant historic sites and based on citizen desires these sites should be considered for preserva- tion. These structures represent a link with the historic past of the area and should be protected if possible. Findings: When citizens were asked if they would like to see his- toric assets preserved over 82% of the adults and 75% of the high school seniors indicated they would like to see historic structures preserved. 5. Issue: Preservation of agricultural and timber land Agriculture is of great importance to the county's economic base. This important natural resource should be protected from unrestricted or uncontrolled growth. Findings: The agricultural land of Camden County is some of the most productive land in North Carolina. With the world crop demand increasing each year it is important that prime agricultural land be protected from unnecessary development. When citizens in the county were asked about protection of agricultural lands over 67% of the adults and over 59% of the high school students answering the question felt that protecting agricultural land was very important. During several meetings the Camden Growth Advisory Baord analyzed the results of the planning questionnaires. The results of the tabulated responses were studied and the findings as indicated were drawn up. Identification and Analysis of Land Use Issues Camden -,Z3 The first meting of the Adv:Lsoi-j Board was spent discussing the need for citizen involvement in the planning process and the best method to obtain that involvement. One alternative that was discussed and decided against was the distribution of a questionnaire to only those people in the county that had large land holdings. This suggestion.was made based an the fact that much of the Coastal Area Management Act requirements affect land ovmers. There was some discussion of having several co=un- ity meetings at which citizens in attendance would be asked for sugges- ticns on preparing the plan. It was finally determined that distribu- tion. of a,questiannaire prepared by the Advisory Board to all taxpayers would be the best way to get citizen cpinian on issues and concerns they had about the county. It was also recommended that high school seniors be given an opportunity to respond to the planning questionnaire. Alternatives considered in development of objectives, policies and standards Camden 1 The Camden Growth-Advisory Board, after reviewing issues and problems indicated by citizens throughout the county, translated these concerns into recommended Policies and Objectives to be used by the county in directing future growth'. These policies and objectives were then recom- mended to the Planning Board and they reviewed the recommendations and made several ch anges. The Planning Board then made their recommendations to the County Board of Commissioners. The Commissioners adopted the Policies and Objectives, after reviewing the recommendations at a regu- lar meeting of the Commissim. 1. ISSUE: FUTURE LAND USE DEVELOPNENT IN THE COUNTY Citizens of Camden County feel that fu ture development of the county should be orderly. They are also concerned that the imiral atmosphere of the county be maintained. POLICY: Future growth should be orderly and the county shouldre- strict large scale development of either housing or mobile homes. [email protected]: A. By use of the zoning ordinance, development with 50 units or more should be concentrated in existing communities. B. Development of 50 units or more should be required to provide for central sewerage and water facilities. 2. ISSUE: LOCATION OF FUTURE MAJOR DEVELOPMNT IN THE COUNTY Future major development taking place in the county should be con- centrated! in or near existing communities. This would make extension of the South ldlls water lines into an area feasible if there is a con- centratian of development. Land Use Objectives, etc. 1 POLICY: Small business and light industry should be encouraged to locate in the county, specifically in or adjacent to existing communities. Objective: A. The county should prepare a list of properties that are available and suitable for commercial or industrial development. B. Land that is identified as available and suitable for commer- cial or industrial development should be tested for percolatim and re- zoned multi-use if necessary and promoted as a development site. C. Land zoned for commercial or industrial use would not be taxed as such until: it was purchased for that use. D. A brochure should be prepared to promote sites that meet perco- lation requirements, zoning requirements, and are available for develop- meat. 3. ISSUE: TOURIST AND RECREATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE AREA Although citizens of the county desire to see the area remain a pre dominantly rural area, they are also concerned with additional employ- ment opportunities. The recreation and tourist potential of the area is seen asIone way of protecting the rural atmosphere and at the same time allowing some economic expansion. POLICY: The county should develop its vast recreational potential and tourism to expand the economic base. Objective: A. The county should acquire property for public recreational use. B. A survey should be conducted to determine the feasibility of developing sites in the county for recreational use. C6 A broc hure should be developed indicating points of interest in Land Use Objectives, etc. 2 MB the county such as historic sites and any future-r6creational facilities including the Dismal Swamp State Park. 4. ISSUE: PRESERVATION OF HISTORIC LANDMARKS The county has a large,number of significant h istoric sites and based an citizen desires these sites should be considered for preserva- tion. These structures represent a link with the historic past of the area and should be protected if possible. POLICY: The county should preserve existing historic landmarks. Objective: A. The county should determine which structures are of significance to the area and have these structures considered for listing by the North Carolina Historic Commission. B. Historic structures that are being restored as an historic site should be considered for a reduction in local taxes. 5. ISSUE: PRESERW.TION OF AGRICULTURAL AND TIMER LAND Agriculture is of great importance to the county's economic base. This important natural resource,should be protected from unrestricted or uncontrolled growth. POLICY: Large portion of the county should be protected for agri- cultural and timber use. Objective: A. If during the 10-year planning period industrial or commercial development takes place, the county should give consideration to reduc- ing prime farm land taxes. This should only be done if the other land uses can offset the taxes lost from fnrm land. Land Use Obje ctives, etc. The following standards were established as part of the stated objectives as outlined ab.ove. Land Use Development Standard 1. Zaning Ordinance should be used to concentrate future development of 50 units or more in existing commmities. 2. Developments of 50 units or more should be required to provide cen- tral sewage and water facilities. Recreatianal Development 1. Purchase sites based on feasibility survey. Historic Preservation 1. Listing of sites by the North Carolina Historic Commission. Land Use Objectives Camden - 4 The Camden County Growth Advisory Board utilized the results of the plan- ning questiannaire and discussians with citizens in the county to deter- mine issues and concerns and thereby recommended policies and objectives. These policies and objectives were established after several meetings of the Advisory Board and the Planning Board. Once the recommendations were put in final form they were passed on to the County Planning Board. The Planning Board made their recommendations to the County Board of Commissianers after making several changes. The County Commissianers gave their approval to the recommendations prior to submission of the November draft of the plan. DetermLning Policies and Objectives Camden 1 The Camden Growth Advisory Board distributed approximately 2,600 plan- ning questionnaires to persons listed on the tax books. This included taxpayers residing inside and outside the county. Each questionnaire had return postage paid with information on who to contact if assistance was needed in completing the questionnaire. Prior to distributian of the questionnaire several thousand brochures on coastal management were distributed throughout the county. Also, several posters were placed throughout the county indicating where information on the Coastal Area Management Act and the planning process could be obtained. In addition to qu stiannaires for adult citizens in the county, a separate question- naire for high school seniors was used during three separate presentations on the planning process in the county. All of the civic groups and many of the Home Extension Clubs had a presentation on CAMA and were request- ed to get involved in the planning process. Through the efforts of the Advisory Board apprcximately 550 adults responded with 64 high school seniors responding. Once the returned questionnaires were tabulated and analyzed it was felt that the Advisory Board had a good basis to establish issIues and concerns of citizens and subsequent recommendations on policies and objectives. A copy of the adult and high school questionnaires are enclosed in the appendix. Method employed in securing public patticipatim Camden 1 CONSTRAINTS Physical Limitations Fragile Are" Resource Potential Areas Capacity of Community Facilities Man Made Hazard Areas Areas such as airports, bulk storage facilities for flammable liquids and railroad lines have been included. These c6nsititute areas in which potentially dangerous equipment or material is transferred.. stored or used. These man-made hazard areas are a constraint to deve- lopment because of their potentially dangerous nature. Development of arq kind in close proximity to a hazard area should be carefully considered. The following areas have been identified: 1. Airports No facilities at present 2. Private Airports No facilities at present 3. Bulk Plants - Oil M. J.Johnson, Sr., Oil Company Mobil Heating Oil Location - South Mills Tir-z-eof'fadilities - 20,000 gallons kerosene 21,000 gallons diesel fuel 15,000 gallons regular gasoline 6,000 gallons hi-test gasoline Storage capacity - 62,000 gallons H. T. Mullen Oil Company Location - South Mills Size of facilities 16,500 gallons regular gasoline 16,500 gallons kerosene 10,500 gallons hi-test gasoline. 16,500 gallons diesel and #2 fuel oil Physical Limitations Camden 5. Railroad Lines Norfolk Southern Railway No. trains per day - six trains are regularly scheduled per day - #120, 7T, 11-9, F79, 91, 92 No. trains using track at night - Two trains are regularly sched- Uled - V8 and 79. Hazardous material carried - Ammonia, agricultural chemicals.. In an effort to identify the potential hazards of this material the fol- lowing information is provided: Hazardous materials shipped_by train Amonia Human.toxicity: The inhalation of concentrated vapor causes edema of the respiratory tract, spasm of the glottis and asphxia. Treat- ment must be prompt to prevent death. The maximum concentratim of vapor which can be tolerated for an eight-hour exposure is 100 parts per million. Source: (The Nbrck Index of Chemicals and Drugs, 7th edition, Merck and Co., Inc., Rahway, N.J.y 1-960, p. 63) Insecticides and Acaricides 1. Sevin slig..-itly hazardous* 2. Thimet hig*_Uy hazardous* Fungicides and Nematicides 1. Orthocide 501V - slightly hazardous 2. Captan 50W - slightly hazardous 3. Orthocide 75 - slightly hazardous 4. Captan 75 - slightly hazardous Herbicides 1. Lasso slightly hazardous 2. Aatrex (atrazine) - slightly hazardous 3. Aatrex (atrazine + propachlor) - slightly hazardous 4. Lorox slightly hazardous 5. Sencor slightly hazardous 6. Dyanap, Ancrack - moderately hazardous* 7. Ortho, Paraquat Cl - highly hazardous 8. 2, 4-D; Aqua-Kleen; Weedane 638 slightly hazardous Physical Limitatims Camden 2 Plant Growth Regulators 1. Sevin.- slightly hazardous Sources: (F. P. Wood and Son, Inc. Camden) N. C. and 1974 N. C. Agricultural Chendcals Manual, School of Ai-riculture and Life Sciences, NCSU, Raleigh, N. C., January, 1974) *Slightly hazardous - low toxicity; ingestion of large quantities me'T cause vomiting and diarrhea *lVbderately hazardous - medium toxicity *Highly hazardous poison Physical Limitations Camden Iq Natural Hazard Areas A natural hazard area is an area that is being damaged or has the poten- tial of being damaged by natural forces. The following areas have been identified as defined [email protected] the Coastal Area Management Guidelines: Coastal Floodplains Description. Coastal floodplains are defined as land areas adja- cent to coastal sounds, estuaries or the ocean which are prone to flood- ing from storms with an annual probability of one percent or greater (100 year storm). These areas are analogous to the 100 year floodplain on [email protected] Significance. Coastal floodplains are those lands subject to flood- ing or wave action during severe storms or hurricanes. They are lands where uncontrolled, incompatible, or improperly designed building, struc- tures, facilities, and developments can unreasonably endanger life and property. Except for those portions of the areas lying within estuarine or ocean erodible areas, they are not generally or necessarily subject to severe erosion or dynamic action leading to replacement of the land with a body of water. In most instancesY' structures within this area do not obstruct the flow of waters or create any additional back waters. Policy Objective. To ensure that all buildings, structures, facili- ties and developments are properly designed and built to maintain their stability., integrity, and safety in the event of flood surge from a 100 year storm. Appropriate Land Uses. Appropriate land uses shall be those consis- Natural Hazard Areas 2 tent with the above policy objective. It is reasonable to allow a cer- tain degree of development if it is carefully controlled and meets strin- gent engineering standards for stability, integrity and safety during a 100 year storm. The land use plan may allow development activities,, and if such development is undertaken, as a minimum it- must conform with the standards of the Federal Insurance Administration for coastal high hazard areas and safety during the.flood surge from a 100 year storm. (Code of Federal Regulations, Title 24, Chapter 10, Subehapter B) J Natural Hazard Areas Description. Defined as the area above ordinary high water where excessive erosion has a high probability of occurring. Significance. The estuarine and river erodible areas are natural hazard areas especially vulnerable to erosion. Developmentwithin this area is subjected to the damaging process of erosion unless special development standards and preventive measures are employed. Policy Objective. To insure that development occurring within the 25-year erodibility is compatable with the dynamic nature of the erodible lands, thus minimizing the likelihood of significant loss of property. Appr priate Land Uses. Appropriate land uses shall be those cm- sistent with the above policy objective. Permanent or substantial commercial, institutianal or industrial structures are not appropriate uses in estuarine and river erodible areas unless stabilization has been achieved along the effected reach. Recreati(mal, rural and con- servation activities represent appropriate land uoes in those erodible ,areas where shoreline protective construciion has been completed. Estuarine and River Erodible Areas Hazards for Foundations High water table and the shrink-swell characteristics of the soil are two conditians that should be taken into consideration when founda- tions for structures are being considered. Table 1 gives severity of limitation for foundations under the column entitled Major Factors Affecting Selected Use. It should be kept in mind that this repre- sents general information based on the general soils map and any determination for adequacy of soils for foundations should be made based an detailed information an the specific site. Poorly Drained Soils The last colu mn of Table 1 indicates the drainage characteristics of the general soils of the county. This represents natural soil con- ditions or characteristics and does not take into account that some of these soils can be drained economically for agricultural purposes. Septic Tank Limitations The first column of Table 1 indicates the limitation of soils for septic tank waste disposal. Again, this is general informaticn and is useful for broad planning purposes. Specific site analysis by the county sanitarian prior to approval of a septic tank system should be conducted. "* Play. Lee*. Light - [email protected] Cewagal hrostly POIL, Flood sourdl/ Water if Shriek a, "C"" Ilty -$..I comereto 42, M., CLOM Team ladwat" rrolizaaer -pi-c-Ation Table ..Lt (I [email protected]_ 30* Ile. Bad. a". SM. Ile. Nod. fig. cow and 1. K40M Am* Deep I- Nod. Rapid IMF Rub US. V. Dr. a". saw. 8". SM. off. AM. Md. Vale Pau PAML911 Part T. Brief Had. Oballow Lor "VIA Law Law It^ It. Nod. V. Dr. Ut. Sit. $19. Sat. Ut. Bit. Of. Good cood SORYOU Sam Deep Low Nodefflate, Low a". :1t. V. be. a". Bev. 8". sew. SM. SM. Bev. Fair toed . ?-ding V. Brief V. Shallm Hoderato Sim Blab' 84A, Ned. Fr. Dr. SM. 100d. Bit. Saw. Sm. SM. sm. Go" P41C CRAV131 Nooo - Bad. Shallow "Metals slow Nish Nod. am., U. Dr. low. am. SM. 8". 2". am. a". VAL Go" LWIR SM* - V. Shallow Moderate Sim Rio sit% Bad. S/W Pr. Dr. Sm. Am. SM. ft.. Sm. ft.. AM. irit-amd Good 3. 51 c-MV, Brief T. shallow Hderato Sim V. via Bad. Bad. Fr. Dr. AM. 8". Dow. Swo. SM. sm. FALIV-41"d Go" BATDM Cow"a Brief V. Sballow Moderate Slow Risk 1114h Md. V. Fr. ft. SM. Sow. SM. ".. Sm. SM. SM. Coed coed sm cooled, arlof V. ftellow Low ".d. Sim sit* NSA load. T. ft. DC. sor. SM. 1". a-. a". a-. #Pa. ftir4ioad good 4. lama P-dLoG V. Brief Sualloe jb4orate Hodarate Nish am. Alt. Bad. S/V Fr. Dr. 5M. a". sm. Saw. sm. So.. sm. Felt Good O"UJO P-odi-S Brief V. Shallow Moderate Sim Blab High Nod. PC. Dr. 5". VAWL. Ned. a". a". sew. SM. sow Qo,,d 01"STON poodlas V. stiat Shall- Low Nod. sold Bad. Hod, Ut. S/V ft. ft. Sew. a". Saw. 5". SM. Sm. im. 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Nod. poor Fear a. NSVRAX fare V. arl.9 ft" Lee T. liarld stab Lew sit. ft. or. SM. lbd. red. low. sm. Dow. sm. Poor poor OMLIA C-am T. [email protected]( $bell- Low V. up" Lee, Low sit. Hod. V. or. V. a-. a". sm. SM. T. low. 5". saw. poor Poor DUCKSTON Comm 1. 1.,* T. 51hollow Law T. lopu Rio Low Sit. ft. ft. V. low. T. sm. 1. sm. V. sm. T. a". V. AM. T. Sew. Fear poor S. CAPLAN! Conoco If- LGAS 1. Sballow nab Sim Bev. V. ft. Dr. I". V. sm. 1. 1". V. Saw. T. Saw. V. Bev. 1. sm. Fear Imrftu to. DOROV" comes V. Left V. Shallow I= V. Sim slob Rio Bev. V. ft. Dr. VI. a". V. "T. T. Aff. V. SM' T' SM' V' SM' T. sm. poor You an Comm= V. Laos V. lb.Ilm Low Sapid New. ft. ft. T. SM. V. a". V. sm. T. sm. V. AM. T. sm. I T. Bev. to" hit JOMTM Kooken Laws V. Shall- I Lw mod, milk :16b Ut.low. V. ft. Dr. I/ noop RUM V rossialum smortim a loFL-LTKT&Tlms asmurnm0ft A. ft--- aket Mouty at Mu that Cook " It to Commit comad by werfawe "a water eall.". a- Sitalt- Sat" bw'a pe".ttlea favorable far the Mod was. Sught sed "I frow uress Lee. T, Sim- I- the. 0.06 tam U"t t1owe are " eleor that thoy caft be eaeLl, NW.- H-derato Coneve, ?1--" 1000 [email protected] sorwal al- 0.064.20 i.A. .ft:-. Qd P-taCe-es -4 1- -1. S-4-ar. Nod. $am- 0.204.63 Wbe Me be eapecud f- a- _11.. V. - V..7 1106. t- 0.43-2.00 Wk. Wgrotton jbd.-Z:w 2.00-4.30 I./ke, Sells be" Propertioe eadetawlY fererobte far the Bell 9C.Lood od - LL.LtL- .. be -wroods or -dUUd led. V,." Septa- 6.30-30.00 faft ft.. rd-..-Iy -11 fttMd R.. R.1.1-jober". thea 2 date V. Rqpl4- over 30.00 LO. .1th pLaostag. destax. or apeclel mince-ace. S/V PC. or.- so-Ohat peorly 49"ood 1. a.l.f- -7 dly. ft. @,- ft.Fly dr.1.4 arlt- 7 der. to I Mark I/ name arm" CRACM 0.116 be- Me Ce - pleve,11" -formable for V. ft d,. - very P-31 destood. to.#- I awath te & -the 'OIL tat" vae. Liallarlwe [email protected] 411floult and tartly to V. Lw4- am". tam 6 [email protected] Applied m,tqp Call- q."ll, Q%equiri:g eejow recLuation. at ol-tal u 13-3r A." .p.t.1 ".Lg.: V UTER TAVJ ac-Ale; ft alawpl.p .1 - ft [email protected] b of the saw" "also MY b . ..... raft Clawriteo A-agLation of SLAW bear. Do*- t1wa 120P Ughway Md. net&- 3o." Very 1.91. hows woo or wer. top-i - - - fee Shell- 15-W slash" a.." p .. U.1a. - Chat --ang the I-Statlese I. Met T. shall-- o.-13" U."rete, a.." $4 "tly. [email protected] as eetteae. Te"ift" 6- or - a..". a (ftgaafi-) am -11 m=l be -.4. .1,1.4WI - c-pletely narog-suglz purvarrm wedift". Tkat quality so tes MU %"a =-loea Its vote- thss. 7 10 -7 .7 Ground Water There are several major aquifer underground water systems in the area. The shallow aquifers include the water table aquifer and the Upper York---, towi aquifer. There are deeper aquifers, including the Lower Yorktown aquifer, Beaufort aquifers and Deep Cretaceous aquifer.. The aquifers are at varying depths throughout the area. Water is drawn from the deeper sources, but its chemical makeup in this area renders it use- less for domestic or industrial purposes without very extensive treat- ment. Also clays of considerable thickness and low permeability retard the verticle recharge of these aquifers and thus limit withdrawals. The principle water source in north eastern North Carolina Is from wells drawing water from the Upper Yorktown aquifer and water table aquifer. The quality of the Upper Yorktown aquifer and water table aquifer varies. The most severe problems with ground water are ha-rdness,-irm concentra- tion and chloride or salt content. The quality of the water table aquifer, which is 5 to 13 feet below the surface and in places'130 feet thick, is generally more acceptable for domestic purposes. Aquifer Recharge Recharge of the shallower aquifers is primarily through precipitation via the water table aquifer. Deeper aquifers are recharged via vertical/ horizontal leakage through subsurface clays. The recharge rate depends upon permaebility and thickness of subsurface sediments, as well as hydralic head, but generally is very slow in the aquifers of northeastern 49 North Carolina because of the thickness and low permeability of subsur- face clays. 2 Slope Exceeding Twelve Percent The topography of the county is very flat with no slopes of twelve percent or more. Natural Hazvrd Areas Coastal wetlands are defined as "any salt marsh or other marsh subject to regular or occasicnal flooding by tides, including wind tides (whether or not the tide waters reach the.marshland areas through natural or arti- ficial watercourses), provided-this shall not include hurricane or trop- ical storm tides. Salt marshland or other marsh shall be those areas upon which grow some, but not necessarily all,, of the following salt marsh and marsh plant species: Smooth or sa.1t water Cordgrass (Spartina. alterniflora); Black Needlerush (Juncus roemerianus); Glasswort (Sali- cornia epp.); Salt Grass (.Distichlis.Spicata); Sea Lavender (Limonium spp.); Bulrush (Scirpus spp.); Saw Grass (Cladium Jamaicense); Cat-Tail (Typha spp.); Salt-106adaw Grass (SEartina.Patens); and Salt Reed Grass (Spartina cynosuroides)." Included in this statutory definition of wetlands is "such contiguous land as the Secretary of NER reasonably deems necessary to affect by any such order in carrying out the pur- poses of this Section." (G.S. 113-230 (a)) For policy purposes, coastal wetlands may be considered in two categor- ies: (1) law tidal marsh; (2) other coastal marshlands which have dif- ferent significance and policy implicaticins. Description. All other me shland which is not law tidal marshland and which contains the species of vegetation as listed in the first paragraph. Significance. This marshland type also contributes to the detritUB supply necessary to the highly productive estuarine system essential to North Carolina's economically valuable commercial and sports fisheries. Coastal Wetlands 1 The higher marsh types offer quality wildlife and waterfowl habitat depending on the biological and physical conditions of the marsh. The vegetative diversity in the higher marshes usually supports a greater diversity of wildlife types than the limited habitat of the low tidal marsh. This marshland type also serves as an important deterrent to shoreline erosion, especially in those marshes containing heavily root- ed species. The dense system of rhizomes and roots of.Jundus roemer- ianus are highly resistant to erosion. In addition, the higher shes are effective sediment traps. Policy Objectiv-e-. To give a high priority to the perservation and management of the marsh so as to safeguard and perpetuate their biolo- gical, economic and aesthetic values. Appropriate Land Uses. Appropriate land uses shall be those con- sistent with the above policy objective. Highest priority shall be allocated to the canservation of existing ma shlands. Second priority for land uses.allocation of this type shall be given to development which requires water access and cannot function anywhere else, such as ports, docks and marinas, provided that the actual location of such facilities within the mq qb consider coastal, physical and biological systems and further provided that feasible alternatives regarding loca- tian and design have been adequately considered and need for such deve- lopment can be demonstrated. Such allocation may only be justified by the projected land use demands and by commmity development objectives., but in no case shall the allocation exceed the capacity of the marsh- land system to sustain losses without hnrm to the estuarine ecosystem unless the losses would be offset by a clear and substantial benefit to the public. Coastal Wetlands 2 A& Description. Estuarine waters are defined in G.S. 113-229 (n) (2) as., "all the water of the Atlantic Ocean within the boundary of North Carolina and all the waters of the bays,, sounds., rivers, and tributaries C thereto seaward of the dividing line between coastal fishing waters, as set forth in an agreement adopted by the Wildlife Resources Commission and the Department of Conservation and Development filed with the Secre- tary of State entitled 'Boundary Lines, North Carolina Commercial Fish- .ing Inland Fishing Waters, revised March 1, 1965111 or as it may be subsequently revised by the Legislature. Significance. Estuaries are among the most productive natural en- viranments of North Carolina. They not only support valuable commer- cial and sports fisheries, but are also utilized for commercial naviga- tion, recreation, and aesthetic purposes. Species dependent upon es- tuaries: such as menhaden, shrimp, flounder, oysters and crabs make up over 90 percent of the total value of North Carolina's commercial catch. These species Tmi t spend all or some part of their life cycle in the estuary.. The high level of commercial and sports fisheries and the aesthetic appeal of coastal North Carolina is dependent upon the pro- tectian and sustained quality of our estuarine areas. Policy Objective. To preserve and manage estuarine waters so as to safeguard and perpetuate thei r biological, economic and aesthetic values. Appropriate--Uses_ ---Appropriate -uses shall be those -cons istent-with the -above policy objective. Highest priority shall be allocated to the conservation of estuarine 'Waters. The development of navigational channels, the use of bulkheads to prevent erosion, and the building of piers or wharfs where no otber feasible altemative'exists'--are examples Estuarine Waters I foo, of land uses appropriate within estuarine waters, provided that such land uses will not be detrimental to the biological and pbysical estua- rine functions and public trust rights. Projects which would directly or indirectly block or impair existing navigation channels, increase shoreline erosion, deposit spoils below mean hig4 tide, cause adverse water circulation patterns, violate water quality standards, or cause degradation of shellfish waters are generally considered incompatible with the management of estuarine waters. Estuarine Waters 2' AO Description. All waters of the Atlantic Ocean and the lands there- under from the man high water mark to the seaward limit of State juris- diction; all natural bodies of water subject to measurable lunar tides and lands thereunder to the mean high water mark; all navigable natural bodies of water and lands thereunder to the mean high water mark or ordinary high water mark as the case may be., except privately owned lakes to which the public has no right of access; all waters in artificially created bodies of water in which the public has acquired rights by prescript ion, custom, usage, dedication or aror other means. In determin- ing whether the public has acquired rights in artificially created bodies of water the following factors shall be considered: (i) the use of the body of water by the public; (ii) the length of time the public has used the area; (iii) the value of public resources in the body of water; (iv) whether the public resources in the body of water are mobile to the extent that they can move into natural bodies of water; (v) whether the creation of the artificial body of water required permission from the State; and (vi) the value of the body of water to the public for navi- gatian from one public area to another public area. Significance. The public has rights in these waters includinj navi- gation and recreation. In addition, these waters support valuable commercial and sports fisheries, have aesthetic value, and are important potential resources for economic development. Policy Objective. To protect public rights for navigation and re- creation and to preserve and manage the public trust waters so as to safeguard and perpetuate their biological, economic-and aesthetic value. Public Trust 1 A& Appropriate Uses. Appropriate uses shall be those consistent with- the above policy objective. Any land use which interferes with the public right of navigation, or other public trust rights, which the public may be found to have in these waters, shall not be allowed. The development of navigational channels,, drainage ditches, the use of bulk- heads to prevent erosion, and the building of piers or wharfs are exam- ples of land uses appropriate within public trust waters provided that such land uses will not be detrimental to the biological and physical functions and public* trust rights. Projects which would directly block xisting navigation channels, increase shoreline erosion, or impair e deposit spoils below mean high tide, cause adverse water circulatim patterns, violate water quality standards, or cause degradation of shellfish waters are generally considered incompatible with the manage- ment of public trust waters. For purposes of the description, the following definitians shall apply: 1. Nban high water mark means the line on the shore established by the average of all high tides. It is established by survey based on avail- able tidal datum. In the absence of such datum, the mean high water mark shall be determined ty physical markings or comparison of the area in question with an area having similar physical characteristics for which. tidal datum-is readily availablew---- 2. Navigable means navigable-in-fact. 3. Navigable-in-fact means capable of being navigated in its natural condition by the ordinary modes of navigation including modes of navi- gation used for recreatianal purposes. The natural condition of a bo(tr Public Trust - 2 AS of water for purposes of determining navigability shall be the condition of the body of water at mean high water or ordinary high water as the case may be, and the condition of the body of water without man-made obstructions and without temporary natural obstructions. Temporary natural conditions such as water level fluctuation and temporary natural, obstructions which do not permanently or totally prevent navigation do not make an otherwise navigable stream non-navigable. 4. Ordinary high water mark means the natural or clear line impressed It an the land adjacent to the waterbody. may be established by erosion or other easily recognized characteristics such as shelving., change in the character-of the soil, destruction of terrestrial vegetation or its inability to grow, the presence of litter and debris, or other appropriate. means which consider the characteristics of the surrounding area. The ordinary high water mark does not extend beyond the well defined banks of a river where such banks exist. Publi c Trust DescriEtion. Complex.natural areas are defined as lands that sup- port native plant and animal communities and provide habitat conditions or characteristics that have remained essentially unchanged by human activity. Such areas are surrounded by landscapes that have been modi- fied but that do not drastically alter the conditions within the natural areas or their scientific or educational value. Such areas will be deter- mined by the Commission, after consideration of written reports or tes- timony of competent experts, to be rare within a county or to be of particular scientific or educational value. Significance. Complex natural areas provide the few remaining ex- amples. of conditions that existed within the coastal area prior to settlement by Western man. Often these natural areas provide habitat conditions suitable for rare or endangered species or they support plant and animal communities representative of presettlement conditions. These areas help provide a historical perspective to changing natural condi- tions An the coastal area and together are important and irreplaceable scientific and educatimal resources. Policy Objective. To preserve the natural conditions of the site so asto safeguard its existence as an example of naturally occurring, relatively undisturbed plant and animal communities-of major scientific or educational value. Appropriate Land Uses. Appropriate land uses shall be those consis- tent , with -the above policy objective. Lands within the AEC shal I not be planned for uses or kinds of development that will unnecessari3,v jeopardize the natural or primitive character of the natural area directly or indirectly through increased accessibility. Additionally,, Complex Natural Areas .1 lands adjacent to the complex natural area should not be planned for additional development that would unnecessarily endanger the recognized value of the AEC. The variability between kinds of complex natural areas and between lwid uses adjacent to those natural areas means that the range of permissible uses and intensity of use must be carefully tailored to the,individual areae Complex Natural Areas --2 Description. Areas that sustain remnant species are those places that support native plants or animals,-rare or endangered, within the coastal area. Such places provide habitat conditions necessary for the r survival of existing populations or communities of rare or endangered species within the county. Significance. The continued survival of certain native plants and animals in the coastal area that are now rare or endangerea cannot be assured unless the relatively few well defined areas providing necessary habitat conditions are protected from development or land uses that might alter these conditions. These habitats and the species they support provide a valuable educational and scientific resource. PoUcy Objective., To preserve habitat conditions necessary to the ccntinued survival of rare or endangered native plants and animals and TainiTnize development or land uses that might, jeopardize known areas that support remnant species. Appropriate Land'Uses. Appropriate land'uses.shall be-those con- sistent with the above policy objective. Lands within the AEC shall not be planned for uses or Icinds of development that will unnecessarily jeopardize the habitat conditions responsible for the continued survival of the respective plants and animals. Remnant Species 1 Description. Defined as existing sites that have been acquired for' use as naticnal or state parks,, as identified by the Secretary of Natural and Economic Resources. Significance. Existing naticnal or state parks are areas contain- ing environmental or natural resources of more than local significance where uncantrolled or incompatible development could result in major or irreversible damage to important historic, cultural, scientific., or scenic values, or natural systems., or would be detrimental to the recreational uses of natural systems. These sites provide: (1) areas of unique or scenic value; (2) recreational uses of natural resources; portrayal and interpretation of plent and animal life, geology and natural features; and (4) Preservatian of scientific sites and natural areas of statewide importance. Policy Objective. To protect and preserve the scenic, historic, cultural, scientific and natural values of national or state parks. Appropriate Land Uses. Appropriite land uses shall be those co'n- sistent with the above policy objective. All development in parks shall be. planned and executed so as to in no way impair., damage or detract from the values for which the areas were established to preserve and protect. In parks or parts of parks not contain natural areas or scientific sites, facilities for such outdoor activities as picnick- ing, swimning-,-boating, fishing. biking.. nature study, ar camping; and facilities normally associated with simple play fields incident to picnicking and organized camping are examples of appropriate land uses. Facilities for recreaticnal activities such as organized sports and athletic contests are examples of inappropriate uses. 'In pa Fragile, Historic or Natural Resource Areas Existing National or State*Parks or parts of parks containing natural areas of scientific sites, miniolm developed paths and trails are examples of appropriate land uses. Fac- ilities for recreational activities such as swimming, camping, picnick- ing, and the like are examples of imappropriate land uses in.these areas. Fragile, Historic ew Natural IREsource Areas Existing National or State Parks The following locatims for fragile areas have been Camden County based cn published reports and maps provided by the N. C. Depart- ment of Natural and Economic Resources. Coastal Wetland - I!kibutaries adjacent to North River portion. of Raymond Creek. Estuarine Waters - All waters of the Pasquotank River Basin doin- r stream of the Highway 158 Bridge between.Elizabeth City [email protected] Camden County. The Albemarle Sound and all waters of the North River south of the dividing line between coastal fishing waters and inland fishing waters. Natural Hazard Area - Estuarine and River Erodible Areas Note Areas that presently have stabilization such as blilkheading would not be included. Based cn a Soil Conservation Study conducted over a 31-year [email protected] the following 25-year recession lines have been established. Along the North River from Broad Creek -up to the intersection of State Road 1101 on the Pasquotank River. 95-foot recession line. Along the Pasquotank River from State Road 1101 north along the river approximately 2 miles. 50-foot recession line., Along the Pasquotank River from Areneuse north along the river appro- ximately 3 1/2 miles. 46-foot recession line. Fragile, Historic or Natural Resource Areas Complex Natural Areas Large forested area west of North River from Broad Creek north to the intersection of Indiantown Creek and U. S. 158. Forested area adjacent to the Pasquotank -Rive=-from the Camden- County-Bridge- of.- U. S.- _158 up to the northern comer of the County. This does not include areas that were developed as of the adoption November 1975. Dismal Swamp State Park Area and adjacent forested areas at northern end of county. Fragile, Historic'or Natiirdl'Res6iitc6'A�6Eis *-;'Areas'That Sustain Remnant Species - Iarge forested aTea west of North River from Broad Creek to the intersection of Indiantown Creek and U. S. 158. Forested area adjacent to the Pasquotank River from the Camden County Bridge of U. S. 158 up to the northern corner of the county. This does not include areas that were developed as of adoption November 1975.. Dismal' Swamp State.Park Areas and adjacent forested areas at northern end of county. Areas Subject to Public Rights - Certairi'Public Trust Areas Pas- quotank River, North River and Albemarle Sound and all tributaries that have public ascess by navigation. Fragile, Historic or Natural Resource Areas Existing National or State Parks - The Dismal Swamp State Park is located in the northeriL end of the county adjacent to the Dismal Swamp Canal and along the North Carolina-Virginia state line. 2 The guidelines indicate that structures that have been approved for listing by the North Carolina Historical Commission or are in the National Register of Historic Places should be considered as fragile areas. Because of the marW potential historic structures in the county and the interest of citizens to preserve historic structures, the fol- lowing structures havebeen included as potential sites for listing by the North Carolina Historic Commission.. Archaeological and Historic Sites Camden County 1. Colonel Dennis Dozier Ferebee House Location - South Ifills, N. C. 343 Significance - Dwelling was erected by Dennis Dozier Ferebee after his marriage to Sarah McPherson, daughter of very wealthy planter, Willie McPherson. Col. Ferebee was a state political figure both before and after the Civil War. The house has been restored by present owners Mr. and Mrs. J.. R. Hobbs. 2. Dismal Swamp Canal and Locks Location Soutt Mills on Highway 17 Significance - AMR* - Oldest surviving artificial waterway in the United States. Under the leadership of Virginia Governor Patrick Henry, legislation approving the project for the canal from the Elizabeth River in Virginia to the Pasquotank River in North Carolina. Excavation by slave labor was begun in 1792 and the first vessel (of very light draft) passed through the canal in 1805. Locks were found necessary in order to impound water drain- ing from Lake Drummond so as to provide sufficient water for float- ing boats. The center of the swamp is higher than the adjacent rivers. 3. McBride Methodist Church Location - South MIlls off N. C. 343 on State Road 1224, 2 miles east Significance First house of worship erected on this site was authorized in 1715 under auspices of Episcopal Church. In 1792 htthodist Society was given permission to use sanctuary, provided they help complete a new sanctuary and to keep it in repair. In time, Ikthodists absorbed the congregation. Currently in use. r 4. Nosay or Gordcn House Location 7 South Mills off N.C. 343 on State Road 1224, 2 miles South Significance - Residence erected by William Riley Abbott in 1850's. Shortly afterwards Abbott sold place to Joseph Gordm. Federal troops used it as after Battle of Oamden in 1862. 5. Battleground, unmarked Location - South Mills Township, N. C. 343 Bumt Mills Significance - The Battle of Camden was fought at Sawyers Lane. Southern troops ret and routed Yankee soldiers enroute to destroy the Canal1ocks on the Dismal Swamp Canal. This was the only Civil War Battle on Camden soil. Woodland and cropland on paved road. 6. Thomas Relfe House (Milford Manor) Locatim Courthouse Township. State Road 1205, 4 miles NW of Cam- den Significance - N.R.* - Similar to dwellings erected by Dutch who spread out from New York region when colony of Amsterdam was estab- lished by Holland. Thomas Relfe, Dutch extraction, came from New Jersey, obtained a patent for 1,650 acres in -the vicinity in 1696. It is therefore probable that he built the house since only those of English descent have owned this place since Relfe's time. Now the residence of Dr. W. K. Wassink. 7. Caleb Grandy House Location [email protected] Township N.C. 343 at Camden. Significance - NR - Is not known when the houae was built, but Caleb Grandy died here in 1795. Grandy was elected a representative in State legislature in 1777 when thecounty was formed, and succeeded hmmself twice. A State Senator in 1793 and 1795; year of his death. 8. Camden County Courthouse Locatim - Courthouse Township. N.C. 343 at Camden. Significance - NR - County Seat. Building erected in 1847 is second,on this site. The first was of frame and erected in 1782. For five years after the formation of the county in 1777, com- mission'ers met in the residence of Joseph Jones, legislator, who introduced the bill in Legislature to.form the county. The con- crete cover just south of the courthouse marks a well which was used by a tavern erected in 1791 for entertainment of those having to do business with the courts and county. 9. Alfred Gatlin House Location Courthouse Township, S. R. 1138, 1 mile South of Camden. 2 Significance - This house was built in the decade after 1823, when Alfred Moore Gatlin, formerly a resident of Edenton,-defeated in- cumbent, Lemuel Sawyer and a Camden County man, for a seat in the lower house of U. S. Congress. He was not re-elected and moved to Florida about 1835. He was third man elected to Congress from Camden County. 10. Chantilly Ancient Ferry Location - Courthouse Tomship, S. R. 1138, 2 miles South of Camden on the Pasquotank River. Significance - From 1740 to around 1775, Colonel John Solley operated a ferry from this point to Relfels.Point (now Winslow Acres) across the river. It ceased to operate shortly after Enoch Sawyer obtained a franchise to operate a ferry across the Pasquotank River where the width is about 200 yards. About 1810, this property was .conveyed to a member of the Lamb family, which continued operation until 1910. It was known as Lamb's Ferry. Rivershore to Chantilly. 3-1. Treasure Point Location - Courthouse Township, S. R. 1130, 4 miles south of Camden an the Pasquotank River.. Significance - Junction of the 2 branches of Areneuse Creek just before it enters Pasquotank River, affords a pleasing scene. In, 1740, Samael Saban Plomer obtained a franchise to operate a ferry from this point to New Begun Creek across the river. Distance was too great for effective operation. Residential development. 12. Fairfield (Isaac Gregory House) Location - Courthouse Township, S. R. 1121, 3 miles SE of Camden Significance - Dwelling was the residence of Bri. Gen_ Isaac Gregory during the Revolution. A visiting governor transacted official business here. William Biddle Shepard had bought the plantation and was living here when he was first elected to the U. S. Congress in 1830. Shepard was the fourth man to be elected to U. S. Congress from Camden County. 13. Indiantown Location - Courthouse Township, Junction of S. R. 1107, 1121 and Currituck County. Significance - A 10,240 acre tract granted by John Granville and other Lord Proprietors to the King and Nation of Yawpin Indians on October 2, 1704. All rights and privileges "except me half of all gold and silver mines." The upland portion of the Indian village is now farmland. The greater portion is swampland. 3 fo 14. Residence of Dr. S. G. Wright Location - Courthouse Township, S. R. 1107, 6 miles east.of Camden. Significance - Residence is an excellent example of better type of dwelling erected in area roundabout from the time of the Revolution until after the Civil War. House was repaired and remodeled by Burfoot Family in 1810. Dr. S. G. Wright residence. 15. Shiloh Academy Location ---Shiloh Township, N. C. 343, 8 miles Southeast of Camden. Significance - Building was erected in 1830 when the highway ran South of the house. Lower floor was used as schoolroom known as "Shiloh Academy," and 2nd floor housed Widow's Son Lodge of the Masonic Order. Noted teacher Ezekiel Gilman was once principal here. 16. Milltown Location Shiloh Township, S. R. 1113, 6 miles southeast of Camden on Pasquotank River. Significance - Five windmills once stood on the immediate area, now called Texaco or Elizabeth City Beach., Until recent years, it was understandably known as "Milltown." Riverside residential develop- ment. 17. Shiloh Baptist Church Location - Shilch Towhahip N. C. 343, 7 miles southeast of Camden. Significance - 1his congregation is the "oldest continuing Baptist Congregation in N. C." dating from 1727. The building was used as Federal Arsenal during the occupation of Shiloh during the Civil War. 18. Residence of Mr. and Mrs.. W. Grady Stevens Location - Shiloh southeast of Camden. Significance - Dwelling, with altered porch, is typical of homes often-built in the region roundabout the Revolutionary era. Near- by residence of Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Forehand affords a vivid contrast between "the old and the new." Grady Stevens residence. 19. Tommy's Point Location - Shiloh, S. R. 1102, 15 miles southeast of Camden on Pasquotank River Significance - An exploring party sent by Sir Walter Raleigh's colony,on Roanoke Island in 1585 located an Indian Village on this site which the Indians called Pasquenoke. Before erosion, site afforded an excellent view of Albemarle Sound and upper Pasquotank River thereby offering protection from surprise attack. The patrician John Hawkins lived here in very early 1700's. Thomas Wilson 4 became owner in post-revolutionary period and from his time the place has been called ToraV's Point. Residential development. 20. Camden Point Location - Shiloh Township, S. R. 1100, southeast end of Camden. Significance - A unique development in the pocosin area between Broad Creek and Albemarle Sound. Area was suggested as a good place naturally affording forage for cattle during winter months by Lord John Carteret in 1666. Site of Camden Island Corporation and.Camden Point Shores Land Developments. 21. Pine Bluff Site Location - Shiloh Township, off N. C. S. R. 1100, North River at Albemarle Sound. Significance - Undeveloped site, Sherds located here. *ANR - Historic places that have been approved for listing by the North Carolina Historical Commission in the National Register of Historic Places pursuant to the National Historic Preservatian Act of 1966. *NR - Historic places that are listed in the National Register of His- toric Places pursuant to the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. National Register of Historic Places The National Register of Historic Places is a roster maintained by the National Park Service under provisions of the National Historic Preser- vation Act of 1966. Properties listed are considered "significant in American history, architecture, archaeology, and culture -- a compre- hen'sive index of the significant physical evidences of our national patrimony." Nominations of properties.meeting strict criteria are sub- mitted by the director of the Department of Archives and History. Owner- ship of the,properties entered in the National Register is.not affected, although their preservation by owners is encouraged as a part of the cultural heritage of the nation. Sources: 1. SCS Recreational Potential 2. fWg_ion7RT1_ Publication 3. Corps-Atlas 4. 1 Lonesome Place Against the Sky N. C. Department of Archives and History Sand dunes along the outer banks, ocean beach and shoreline, areas can- taining unique geologic formatians, registered national landmarks and archaeological sites were found to be non-existent in the county based on information available. Historic Sites Productive Agricultural Lands Suitability for general agriculture and forestry are shown in Table 1. This information is very general in nature and is based on the soil characteristics. It does not take into consideration the management techniques used by the land owner. I"- L.,A. 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Tbec qmuty of tm "14 ob" 10 3 0 41- [email protected] 10 I WAMM-PACTOLUS-NORFOLK 2 COXVILLE-CRAVEN-LENOIR 3 BIADEN-BAYBORO-HYDE 4 BERTIE-0 M LLO-DRAGSTON 5 OTHELLO-PASQUOTANK-BARCLAY 6 HYDE-WEEKMLLE-PAALICO 7 PONZER-WASDA-DARE 8 NEWHAN-COROLLA-DUCKSTON 9 CAPERS 10 DOROVM-DAU-JCHNSTON 10 General- Soils Map Y&neral Sites. Five sand pits are present in the county. Three are located to the east of state road 1107 in the Indiantown area. These pits are owned by Wilson Lee Forbes, Russel Perkins and Bailey Forbes. The Macpher- son Pit owned by Dickersan, Incorporated, is located off of Highway 343 approximately half way between Camden and South 11ills. The Roberts ,Sand Pit owned by Roberts Brothers, Inc., is located in the Hastings Corner area. Publicly Owned-Forests and Parks Two areas have been identified as shown on the Forests and Parks Map. The Dismal Swamp State Park is located along both the Dismal Swamp Canal and the Camden County-Virginia State line. The second forest area is located m the eastern Camden County line. This area extends into Currituck County. 'Resource Potential Camden 1 CAMDEN COUNTY MINERALSITES' 184 54?. 444". 4t., 02 03 e7 IN. CAMDEN [email protected] PUBLICLY OWNED F ORESTS AND PARKS RA *14 ae j: C. Z.t Existing Water and Sewer Service Areas Wells are the primary source of water for industrial, municipal and domestic use for Camden County. Potable water is obtained from three aquifers: Water table aquifer, the upper and lower Yorktown aquifers. Surficial sands of the water table aquifer furnish water to more wells in the county than any other aquifer. Dug, driven and jetted wells I range from 8 to 50 feet and yield from 1.5 to 8 gallons per minute. Rotary-drilled gravel wall wells yield from 18 to 58'gallms per,minute. Jetted and driven wells obtain water from sand, conquinas, and indurated shell mar of the upper and lower Yorktown aquifers. Artesian wells screened in the Yorktowx upper aquifer are almost as numerous as water table wells. The Yorktown upper aquifer wells range in depth from 60 to 123 feet and yeild 2 to 50 gallans per minute with diameters of 2 inches and 94 to 400 gallons per minute for single or multiple screen wells with diameter of 6 to 10 inches. The Yorktown lower aquifer wells range in depth from 124 to 169 feet and yield from 5 to 47 gallons per ndnut e. The lower aquifer is present only in the southern and east central por- tians of both Camden and Pasquotank County. Groundwater in both counties is generally of poor quality with most of the water supply containing large quantities of iron or hardness requiring treatment to improve. quality to accepted standards. The South )Rlls Water Association was constructed in 1966. Initially" Existing Water.and Sewer Service Areas Camden 1 4P the system served approximately 300 people in and around the community. Recent additions to the system included the additionof one well to augment the existing well and to bring total pumping capacity to 180 gallcne per minute. Also, a new 100pOOO gallon ground reservoir has been added to the existing elevated 75,000 gallon tank and mains have been extended to Morgans Comer in Pasquotank County. Traatment facili- ties have been expanded and now the water is aerated, settled, treated for iron removal, and chlorinated prior to distribution. The system serves approximately 1,225 people. When all of the new customers are acrmeated to the recent extensims, approximately 1,575 people will be served. The South Mills Water Lssociatim is currently planning to expand its distribution system; north to Tar Comer, south to Lambs [email protected] and west to include are&i between Morgans Corner and Lynch's Comer. This expansion will donsi:3t of an additional well, approximately 40,000 linear feet of water distribution lines and an additional 110 new ser- vice connections in Camden County. Camden County does not have a community or municipal sewer system,. A32 sewage is presently being treated by individual septic tanks as required by the county health department or privies. Based on 100 Census Bureau information there were at that time 1,221 families using septic tanks in the county and 1,723 families without access to a cen- tral sewer system. Existing Water and Sewer Service Areas Camden 2 Schools The Camden County school system consists of three schools. Grandy School includes as of May, 1976., 413 kindergarten through third grade students. Camden h1iddle school has a total enrollment of 581 students in grades 4 through 8. Camden High School includes grades 9 through 12 with 464 students enrolled. All three schools are located in the Camden area and serve the entire county from this central point. Primary Roads U. S. 17 and U. S. 158 are two federal highway facilities serving Camden County. Based on 1974 information compiled by the Department of Trans- portation the section of U. S. 17 between South Mills and the North Carolina-Virginia line had an ADT of 3,800 vehicles per day. Based on the same 1974 information U. S. 158 between Elizabeth City and the Camden Conmmity had an ADT of 8,000 vehicles per day. Also serving the County are North Carolina 343 and North Carolina 168. 343 is serving the area between South Mills, Camden, and the Shiloh/Old Trap area of the county. This facility based on 1974 information had a maxi ADT of 1,500 vehicle's in the area south of the Camden Community with 1,000.between Camden and South Mills. Taking into'consideration the slow growth history of the county and the fact that many citizens have indicated they wish the county to remain an.67 4 .67 n - 7 C2 FAI [email protected] N I t fAs Lake AP b Mm, A$ 1, PASQUOTANK'COUNTY too" 14 Icir. 71. US 17, From North of Elizabeth City_to the Virginia State Line, Camden-Pasquotank Colmifies The project will provide four lanes by upgrading some portions of the existing two-lane highway and utilizing some cp new location segments bypassing the communities of South Mills and Morgan's Corner. Design Capacity and Percent Utilization of Water Treatment Plant.. Schools and Primary Roads The county's only water treatment facility is part of the South Mills Water Associatim Syatem located in the South Mills area. As mentioned earlier the system presently has a new 100,000 gallon ground reservoir and a 75,000 elevatel tank. Based an the Water Management Report pre- pared by William F. Freeman Associates two additional wells should be added to the system by 1985 and one additional well by the year 2000. Taking the projected popalation in mind the service demand on the system should stay well within the design capacity. The school system consists of three schools with a total enrollment, as of May 12, 1976, of 1,458 students. Grandy School has a design capacity of 475 students with 413 presently enrolled. Camden Middle school has an enrollment of 581 students with a design capacity of 600. Camden High School's total enrollment is 464 students with a design capacity of 500 students. Based an information from the Superintendent of Schools, no large capital expense is anticipated based on current down- ward tIreads for school age children in the county. The county does plan to expend some funds for the replacement of a 1926 wing of the high school. With the small population increase expected during the ten-year planning period the existing primary road system should be adequate. However, any improvements made are the responsibility of the North Carolina Department of Transportation. ESTIMATED DEMAND Population and Economic Projections Future Land Needs Community Facilities Demand Ten-Year Population Projection Camden County's population is projected to grow. to approximately 5,650 by 1985. This is from an estimated population of 5,530 in 1975. This estimated population for 1975 and projected population for 1985 is based an interpolation of 1970 census information and 1980 OBERS pro- jectians. 5, 10, 25 and 50 Year Projections Year Projection Population Estimate 1975 Base Year 5,530 1980 5 Years 59600 1985 10 Years 5,650 2000 25 Years 5,900 2025 50 Years 6,150 The 1975, 196 and 2025 population projections are based an inte:rpola- tion of OBERS projections. OBERS were felt to be the best information available. Seasonal population information was not available. However, during discussions with the County Commissioners it was determined that during the summer months there is presently a negative effect with local citizens traveling to the beach for weekends because of the close proximity to the county. HoweverY during the fall and winter hunting season there is some impact of hunters an the locality, but specific information on the subject does not seem to be available. Long-Term Projections and Desires of the People Population Projections 1 The Camden County Growth Advisory Board included a question pertaining to population growth in the planning questionnaire which they prepared and distributed. Both adults and high school students were given an opportunity to indicate what their preference was. Specifically, approximately 550 adults responded with'the following results: 16.0% - Remainthe same size 50.3% Small increase in population 31.5% Substantial increase in population 2.2% Reduce population When 64 high school seniors were asked about future population growth, the following was learned: 32.3% Remain the same size 22.6% Small increase in population 33.9% Substantial increase in population 11.3% Reduce population With these results in mind the following information was presented to the Board of County Comissioners to determi ne the desires of the citizens pertaining to population growth. It was felt that the elected officials of the county should make the final determination on desired growth based on. input from citizens in the county. In addition to the planning questionnaire results the following information was provided to the Commissioners to assist them in making their decision. Population Projections 2. at CANDEN COUNTY DESIRED POPUIJ4TION Past Population Trends '1900 - 1970 % Increase Years Population People or Decrease 1900 - 1910 5,474 to 5,640 166 increase 3.0 1910 - 1920 5,640 to 4082 258 decrease -4.6 1920 - 1930 4,382 to 5,462 80 increase 1.5 19,30- 1940 5,462 to 5,441 21 decrease -0.4 1940 - 1950 5,441 to 5,223 218 decrease -4.0 1950 - 1960 5,223 to 5,598 375 increase 7.2 1960 - 1970 5,598 to 5,453 145 decrease -2.6 5,453 People 1920 -5,382 People 71 People 1.3% Increase Projected Population 1970 2020 50 Years % Increase Years Population People or Decrease 1970 - 1980 5,453 to 5,600 147 increase 2.7% 1980 - 1990 5,600 to 5,700 100 increase 1.8% 1990 - 2000 5,700 to 5,900 200 increase 3.5% 2000 - 2010 5,900 to 6,000 100 increase 1.7% 2010 - 2020 6,000 to 6,100 100 increase 1.7% 2020, 6,100 People 1970 -5,453 People 647 People 11.9% Increase Estimated Housing Units 1970 - 1980 43 Units 1980 - 1990 29 Units 1990 - 2000 59 Units 2000 - 2010 29 Units 2010 - [email protected] 29 Units 1970 Census 1,757 Year-round Housing units 1970 Census 3.386 Persons Per Household 1914 New Households,during the Next 50 Years Population Projections 3 The County Commissioners determined after reviewing all information available that the population projections represented a steady small increase in population. They also determined that based on desires r expressed by citizens concerning population growth the projections were consistent with the desires of the majority of people in the county. Capabilities of Land and Water to Sustain Growth One of the main objectives of the Coastal Area Management Act is to provide a management tool the local governments can use to direct future growth. As can be seen by past population trends and projected popu- lation growth very little growth has taken place and is expected to take place during the next 5 to 50 years. Based on the population projec- tions there should be no problem accommodating the expected growth with existing zaning and subdivision regulations used as planning tools. Also, implementation of several of the objectives as stated in the plan should assure no problems with future development. One of the strongest deterents to problems in the future is the enforcement of septic tank regulations by the County Health Department Seasonal Populatim Seasonal population information for the county was not available. Population Projections Carrying Capacity issue - Existing Platted Lots The following information is provided in an effort to determine the extent of existing platted lots in the county and the extent of actual construction. This information is based on a review of subdivision plate recorded since the Flaming Board began reviewing plats in November, 1972. Also, the Register of Deeds provided information on major deve- lopments in the county that had taken place prior to November,, 1972. Year Number of Lots Number of Plats 1964 302 2 1965 None Observed None Observed 1966 222 11 1967 Nane Observed None Observed 1968 None Observed None Observed 1969 None Observed None Observed 1970 None Observed Nane Observed [email protected] 261 4 1972 None Observed None Observed 1973 37 2 19.74 78 3 1975 None Observed None Observed 1976-May None Observed None Observed Two developments in the county are represented by most of the lots shown in the table above. Specifically, the 302 lots platted in 1964 and 78 in 1974 are in the White Hall Shores Area. This area has been developing very slowly with medium to high price homes. Based on in- formation from the Zoning Officer most of the new families locating in the county locate in this subdivision. Specifically, of the 380 lots available 36 have been built on with many of the others sold for future construction. Camden Point Shores is represented by the bulk of the remaining platted lots. Specifically, 222 lots in 1966 and 261 Populatibon 5 in 1971. This area is a very slowly-developing second home community located at the southern tip of the county. Since 1966 25 lots have been built on. Based an discussions with the County Sanitarian, many of the homes built have*obtained canditianal septic tank permits. In the permit the owner of the lot acknowledges the fact that because Of soil characteristics septic tank problems may occi= and in the event they do, problems will be corrected by the owner. Population'.- 6 Identification of Major Trends and Factors in the Economy Several factors can be expected to have an impact on the local ecmOMY during the ten-year planning period. First is the development of the Dismal Swamp Park located at the northern end of the county. At the pres ent time the scope of development for the park has not been defined. However, a North Carolina Welcome Center is presently being cmsidered for the area that would serve as a focal point for the park and a begin- ning point for nature trails, possible canoeing and picnic areas., etc. With the park's location in relation to the Tidewater area of Virginia, the park coula serve the recreational needs of that area as well as county citizens. In this respect it would be very instrumental in accomplishing me of the objectives as stated in the plan, to develop recreational potential and tourism to expand the economic base. As the state develops its plans for the types of facilities to be located In the park, the county should'take [email protected]
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Camden County Pesticide Disposal Day a Huge Success

— Written By Austin Brown and last updated by Amy Twiddy

Pesticides are important tools farmers utilize to manage pests such as weeds, disease, and insects in their agriculture operations. Unused and unwanted pesticides must be handled with care as they can be potentially hazardous to humans, pets, wildlife, and the environment.

The North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Camden County Center, in cooperation with the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Pesticide Disposal Assistance Program organized a pesticide collection day on July 20, 2021, for farmers and residents in Camden County and the surrounding area. This event afforded an opportunity to dispose of pesticides free of charge, in an environmentally responsible and legal manner.

The event was a huge success with a total of 291 containers weighing in at 4,115 pounds of unwanted pesticide collected and processed. This effort saved participants an average of $7 per pound for a total savings of $28,805. Furthermore, the benefits from safeguarding the environment are incalculable. A special thank you to the South Camden Fire Department Station 12 for the use of their parking lot to conduct this event.

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Posted on Jul 27, 2021

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COVID-19 Update

Delays in Service

Due to impacts of COVID-19 on their workforce, Advance Disposal/Waste Management is experiencing difficulties collecting curbside garbage and recycle on time.  Customers may experience delays in service. Advanced will also be suspending appliance pick up in unincorporated Camden County until further notice.  Bulk items will continue to be collected.  Contact the Curbside office to schedule. We appreciate your continued patience as they work with a smaller staff.  

Please notify the Office of Curbside Collections at 912-510-6881 if you have any issues.

Online Payments

Due to ongoing concerns regarding the COVID-19, Camden County Curbside Collection is encouraging all residents in the unincorporated tax district to conduct business with Curbside Collection online, including online bill payment. 

The third party site administrative fee of $1.25 will be paid by the Camden County Board of Commissioners until further notice. Payments may also be made by check.

Electronic Billing

Curbside Collections is updating contact information and offering electronic billing for customers in all unincorporated areas of Camden County. A form (PDF) is enclosed with this quarter's invoice.

Recycling Survey

Unincorporated Camden County residents are strongly encouraged to participate in a survey to provide input on the recycling program for unincorporated Camden County, Georgia. This anonymous survey should only take two minutes to complete and asks questions about current waste management habits. Take the survey online.

Curbside Collection

Each resident is provided one 90 gallon garbage can. Residents may purchase up to two garbage cans (32 gallon maximum) with a lid and place next to the Advanced Disposal garbage can at no additional charge. Advanced Disposal drivers have been directed to not empty cans larger than 32 gallon, unless it is an Advance can with the proper decal.

Please notify the Curbside Collection Office should you require an additional 90 gallon Advanced Disposal garbage can. You must provide an additional $94.00 deposit and pay an extra $25 each quarter for a total fee of $71.95 per quarter. 

If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact our office at 912-510-6881.

Curbside Collection is committed to maintaining cleanliness in Camden County.

All occupied residential properties in the unincorporated areas of Camden County are mandated to have curbside services, according to the Curbside Collection Ordinance. To open or close an account, please visit the Applications & Forms page.

It is easier than ever to pay your Curbside bill, due to our new online electronic payments button! You can log in from the comfort of your own home computer or mobile phone and make a payment to your account. Auto pay is still an option through bank draft or credit card draft. The form can be downloaded (PDF) or you are welcome to stop by the office.

Curbside Collection Contractor

Camden County has a contract with Advanced Disposal/Waste Management for Curbside Collection services through June 30, 2022. Camden County has solicited a Requests for Proposal (RFP) for collection services beginning July 1, 2022. Advanced Disposal/Waste Management has provided notification that they will not seek to renew the contract. 

Holiday Schedule

The following 2021 holidays will be observed with uninterrupted service:

  • Monday, Jan. 18th, Martin Luther King Jr. Day
  • Monday, February 15th, Presidents Day  
  • Friday, April 2nd, Good Friday
  • Monday, May 31st, Memorial Day
  • Monday,  July 5th, Independence Day
  • Monday, September 6th, Labor Day
  • Monday, October 11th, Columbus Day
  • Thursday, November 11th, Veterans Day
  • Friday, November 26th, Day After Thanksgiving
  • Friday and Monday December 24th &  27th, Christmas 

There will be no pickup on the following Holidays:

  • Thursday, November 26, 2020, Thanksgiving Day
  • Friday, December 25, 2020, Christmas Day
  • Friday, January 1, 2021 New Year’s Day

If your regularly scheduled services falls on a holiday, service will occur on the following day. Service will continue to be a day behind for the rest of the week.

Billing Schedule

Billing DateDue DateService Period
January 7February 6January - March 2021
April 8May 8April - June 2021
July 6August 5July - September 2021
October 5November 4October -December 2021

Please contact the Camden County Curbside Collection office for the following:

  • Collection Schedules (service will only be modified Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Years)
  • Reporting missed pick ups
  • Information regarding limitations of collection
  • Requests for extra pick ups
  • Requests for cart replacement due to damage through normal use
  • Requests for new service or changes in existing service
  • Requests to discontinue service when moving, must complete an Account Closure Request form (PDF)
  • Account information

Bulk Pick-Up Items

Please call the office at 912-510-6881 to have the following items picked up.

Bulky waste collection or white goods collection will be provided free for the first five (5) items placed at the road site or curb. A charge of $10 per item will be imposed for any item over five (5). White Goods are limited to 2 per week. Customers will receive an invoice the following week for the cost. Please call the Curbside Collection Office to schedule a pick up. Advanced Disposal will not pick up bulk/white items without a service order. A list of acceptable items for pick up is available in the Curbside Brochure (PDF).

Accepted Items: Mattresses, sofas, chairs, bicycles, appliances, other furniture and BBQ grills

Items NOT Accepted:  Bathtubs, sinks, toilets, cabinetry, concrete, concrete poles, cement, construction & demolition debris, decking, fencing, drywall, fluorescent light bulbs, all types of flooring, glass/mirrors, land clearing debris, lumber, metal/metal pipes, paint, block pavers, stepping stones, pool parts/equipment, rocks, sand, soil, sod, roofing materials, sheds (wood/metal), all types of tile, tree stumps, and wood/railroad ties/logs/pallets.


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   (A)   Septic tank waste may be introduced into the POTW only at locations designated by the Board, and at such times as are established by the Board.  Such waste shall not violate §§ 52.125 through 52.133 or any other requirements established by District.  The Board may require septic tank waste haulers to obtain wastewater discharge permits.

   (B)   The Board shall require haulers of industrial waste to obtain wastewater discharge permits.  The Board may require generators of hauled industrial waste to obtain wastewater discharge permits.  The Board also may prohibit the disposal of hauled industrial waste.  The discharge of hauled industrial waste is subject to all other requirements of this chapter.

   (C)   Industrial waste haulers may discharge loads only at locations designated by the Board.  No load may be discharged without prior consent of the Board.  The Board may collect samples of each hauled load to ensure compliance with applicable standards.  The Board may require the industrial waste hauler to provide a waste analysis of any load prior to discharge.

   (D)   Industrial waste haulers must provide a waste-tracking form for every load.  This form shall include, at a minimum, the name and address of the industrial waste hauler, permit number, truck identification, names and addresses of sources of waste, and volume and characteristics of waste.  The form shall identify the type of industry, known or suspected waste constituents, and whether any wastes are RCRA hazardous wastes.

(Ord. 2005-01-01, passed 2-21-05)

Journey Across the 100: Camden County

Recycling Made Easy

Camden County Recycles!


Whats in the Bin?

Camden County wants to make single stream recycling easy!  The county accepts rinsed plastic or glass bottles, jars and jugs, rinsed aluminum and steel cans, clean paper, and clean cardboard.  If you are unsure if a piece is recyclable, just remember this…  When in doubt, throw it out.

And remember, NO PLASTIC BAGS of any kind.  Please recycle them at your supermarket or big box store.

Remember, When in doubt, throw it out!

Download this easy cheat sheet to get you started.

Download Flyer


New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection recycling information


New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Electronic waste recycling information


Single Stream Recycling

Camden County has a long history of leading recycling efforts in New Jersey. We were the first in the state to mandate recycling in 1985. The state followed suit and mandated recycling state-wide started in 1987.

In the past 10 years Camden County, like many other places, started Single Stream Recycling, where residents combine all recyclable materials into one container for pickup. Over the years there have been several important changes to what items are acceptable and unacceptable in Single Stream Recycling programs. Recycling is always growing, and in many ways markets around the world can have a profound effect on our day to day behaviors.

Please remember, it is always a good idea to read labels and seek the most up to date information regarding your municipalities recycling program. What may have been recyclable yesterday, may not still be recyclable today. Although the primary recyclable materials have stayed the same, some municipalities have differing specifications for what is acceptable.

Below are the most common questions people ask about single stream recycling. Most of the answers to these questions are consistent throughout the recycling industry. Please read the following information carefully, because a lack of attention to detail can be the difference between doing what is right and doing what is wrong.

Download Flyer


Recycling FAQs

Q. What items should be placed in my curbside recycling container?
A. The following items should be placed in your curbside recycling container
Newspaper • mixed paper including junk mail • magazines • catalogs • school papers • office papers etc… • paper packaging • paperboard cartons for foods such as cereal boxes, pasta boxes and tissue boxes, etc… • softcover books • phone books • cardboard • glass bottles and jars • aluminum and steel cans • aluminum and steel lids • Plastic bottles and jars with #1 or #2 found on the bottom • milk and juice cartons • paper towel and toilet paper inserts.  A graphic identifying recyclable items can be found by clicking here.

Q. Why have the rules for recycling changed?
A. The fact is the “rules” for recycling have not changed significantly. The end market specifications for recycled materials have tightened so non-recyclable items in your curbside container have become a bigger problem for facilities that separate and process what you place in that container. The fact is that these non-recyclable items were never supposed to be placed in your recycling container. For this reason, the County and its municipalities have stepped up their education efforts to keep these items out of the recycling stream.

Q. Why can we no longer recycle plastic containers that are #4, #5, and #7?
A. This is the most significant change to what we now recycle. The recycling of these particular plastic containers was largely dependent on markets outside the USA. However, in 2018, China, who received most of these plastics implemented a policy known as the National Sword. This resulted in greater restrictions on importation of recyclables of any kind. Markets for #4, #5, and #7 plastics are now almost non-existent. As a result, these items are in many cases leaving the recycling facility as trash and being landfilled. Additionally, these plastics tend to contribute to more food waste contamination in the “Single Stream “mix, resulting in a poorer quality of cardboard and paper being marketed for recycling. We are therefore asking residents to place these containers in their trash receptacle. It should be noted that this change is being implemented not just here in Camden County, but in counties State-wide.
The good news is, there are still strong domestic markets for plastics #1 (soda bottles, water bottles, etc.) and #2 (milk jugs, laundry detergent bottles, etc.), which make up most plastic containers in the waste stream.

Q. Why am I now being told to rinse out my containers before placing them in my recycling container?
A. Because end markets for recyclables have tightened their standards for the recyclables they purchase, the presence of moisture from food and liquid waste in containers has become a greater issue. For this reason, residents are being asked to empty and rinse containers fully before placing them in the curbside recycling container.

Q. How am I supposed to empty and rinse containers like peanut butter, mustard, cheese, and tomato sauce jars?
A. One trick for emptying/cleaning these containers is to fill the mostly empty container with warm water, replace the lid and let soak overnight. In the morning, empty half the water and secure the lid. Shaking the container with the remaining water inside should loosen any food residue inside the container. Empty and rinse the container one final time. It should now be completely empty and ready for your recycling container.

Q. Can I recycle plastic bags in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO, NO, NO – You cannot recycle any type of plastic bags in your residential curbside container. Plastic bags are a contaminant in Single Stream residential recycling and are considered the most problematic contaminant found in the curbside recycling mix. Plastic bags interfere with the mechanical recycling process by causing, slow-downs, stoppages and potential damage to recycling processing equipment at the recycling processing facility. Plastic bags should never be placed in your recycling container.

Q. So what can I do with plastic bags?
A. Plastic bags by themselves can be recycled. Many supermarkets and big box stores have containers available for customers to recycle plastic bags. Click here for a comprehensive list of stores in the area that accept plastic bags for recycling.

Q. Can plastic wrap or bubble wrap be recycled in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO- Plastic wrap of any kind is not recyclable in the curbside mix, regardless of whether it has recycling labeling on it. All plastic packaging materials should be placed into your trash receptacle.

Q. What do I do with plastic take-out food containers?
A. Plastic food take-out containers are no longer recyclable due to changes in foreign plastic recycling markets. They should be placed in your regular trash. Only plastic bottles and jars which display, #1 or #2 inside chasing arrows on the bottom, of the container are recyclable in your curbside recycling container. (show graphic of chasing arrows)

Q. Can shredded paper go in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – Unfortunately, shredded paper cannot be recycled at the curb as this material cannot be processed properly since the recycling facility’s equipment is not designed to handle shredded paper. It therefore poses sorting issues when mixed with other commodities. Please place all shredded paper into your regular trash receptacle.

Q. Is there any way to recycle the paper from shredded documents?
A. YES – If you want to recycle your confidential documents, you can bring them to a local or County sponsored shredding event. These events feature shredding trucks that shred the paper on site. The shredded paper generated is then recycled at a facility specifically equipped to handle shredded paper for recycling.

Q. Can I recycle paper packaging in my curbside recycling container?
A. Yes – Paper packaging can be recycled with two exceptions: no foil covered packaging and no plastic/ wax coated paper packaging should be recycled.
* A good rule to follow is if the products paper packaging was purchased off a shelf at the store, it can be recycled in your curbside recycling container. If the products paper packaging came out of the freezer at the store it cannot be recycled and should be placed in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can I recycle pizza boxes in my curbside recycling container?
A. As a rule – NO – pizza boxes should go in the trash. However, if the box is completely clean, with no food or oil residue, it can be recycled in the curbside mix.

Q. What should I do with frozen food boxes and cartons?
A. They should be placed in the regular trash. Frozen food containers, including ice cream containers, are lined with plastic and cannot be recycled at the curb.

Q. Can aerosol cans be recycled in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – Due to the many varying types of hazardous and non-hazardous liquids that are found in aerosol cans, we recommend placing empty aerosol cans in your trash receptacle. Aerosol cans that contain unwanted hazardous liquids should be taken to a County Household Hazardous Waste drop-off event. Click here for dates and times.

Q. Can I recycle plastic cups, straws and utensils in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – Any and all plastics other than #1 and #2 bottles and jars are not recyclable in the curbside mix. Please place these plastic materials in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can Styrofoam be recycled in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – Styrofoam cannot be recycled in the curbside mix. Please place all Styrofoam in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can I recycle books in my curbside recycling container?
A. All soft cover books can be placed in you curbside recycling container. Hard cover books need the covers removed first. The cover should then be placed in your trash receptacle. The remaining pages can then be placed in your curbside recycling container.

Q. Can paper towels, napkins, plates and paper cups be recycled in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – All paper food and toiletry products should be placed in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can ceramic mugs be placed in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO. These items should be placed in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can I place other glass items such as mirrors or window glass in my curbside recycling container.
A. NO. This glass is a different type of glass than that used to make glass bottles and jars. For this reason, as well as for safety issues, these glass items should be placed in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can I recycle clothing and rags in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – We recommend donating reusable textiles to an appropriate organization that accept such items. Rags and unusable textiles should be placed in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can I recycle molded plastic furniture or toys in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – All rigid plastic furniture and toys should be donated to an appropriate organization or otherwise placed in your regular trash.

Q. How about the 5-gallon plastic buckets that some paints, pool chemicals, foods, etc. come in? Can these be recycled in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO. These ridged plastic containers should be placed in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can any type of metal be placed in my curbside recycling container?
A. Only steel and aluminum food and beverage containers should be placed in your curbside recycling container.

Q. What can I do with scrap metal from my home?
A. Contact your municipal public works department for scrap metal recycling options or log on to Recycle Coach and follow the prompts for recycling options

Q. Can prescription medicines and/ or medicine containers be placed in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO- Contact your local police department for disposal of unused prescription medicines. Empty prescription containers should be placed in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can needles be recycled in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – Residential medical needles must be secured in a rigid container and placed into the regular trash. No medical waste of any type should be placed into your curbside recycling container.

Q. Can staples, paper clips and envelopes with plastic windows go in my curbside recycling container?
A. YES- There is no need to remove paper clips or staples from multiple sheets of paper. Window envelopes are also acceptable.

Q. Can Fed Ex / Tyvek type plastic envelopes be recycled in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO- These envelopes are made with plastic polymers and are not recyclable at the curb. These items should be placed in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can I recycle baby diapers in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO- Baby diapers made of any material should be thrown into the regular trash

Q. Can plastic caps be recycled in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO- Plastic caps should be removed from the container and placed in your trash receptacle.

Q. Can I put an ice cream box in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – All paperboard containers intended for freezer use should be placed in your regular trash receptacle.

Q. Can I recycle aluminum foil in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO- All aluminum other than cans should be placed in your regular trash receptacle.

Q. Can I recycle glossy magazines in my curbside recycling container?
A. YES- All glossy magazines, literature, envelopes, brochures, greeting cards and soft cover books are recyclable and should be placed in your curbside container

Q. Can I recycle PVC pipe in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – Only #1 and #2 plastic bottles and jars are recyclable in the curbside recycling container.

Q. Can I recycle plastic bottles that contained automotive or yard chemicals in my curbside recycling container?
A. NO – Most of these containers contained hazardous chemicals and should be emptied prior to placing them in your regular trash receptacle. Note however that there are a few exceptions to this rule such as, windshield washer fluid and grass seed containers etc… These can be placed in your curbside recycling container.


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Not. Knowing how to behave in this situation, I decided to let everything take its course. I had no desire to leave, although the steam room was creepy and the temperature was over 100 degrees. He, too, did not retreat and held on as best he could.

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