1990 ford explorer 2 door

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Three Decades of the Ford Explorer: A Look Back at the SUV's History

Here is how the popular SUV has changed over the years

Editor's note: This article was originally published in November It has recently been updated with new information.

When the Ford Explorer replaced the Bronco II in the automaker's lineup, it quickly gained popularity with consumers. In fact, the first-generation Explorer sold more than , units per year — outselling the Jeep Grand Cherokee and Chevrolet S Blazer by a significant margin — and more than , units a year by the end of the second generation. Ford sold more Explorers than all import SUVs combined. By , it was the ninth best-selling vehicle in the U.S. The Explorer has changed quite a bit over the years, and today it faces increasing competition in the three-row SUV category. To answer that challenge, Ford recently released a completely new version built on a rear-drive-based architecture, and even offers it in high-performance ST and fuel economy-conscious hybrid flavors.

As the new Ford Explorer arrives, here's a look back at the Explorer through the years.

First Generation: Ford Explorer

Like the Bronco II that preceded it, the first-generation Ford Explorer was based on the compact Ford Ranger pickup. Where the Bronco II was a two-door, the Explorer came in both two- and four-door configurations, the latter no doubt increasing the SUV's appeal with families. Power for the first-generation Explorer came from Ford's liter Cologne OHC V-6, rated hp. The engine was mated to either a four-speed automatic or five-speed manual. Rear-drive was standard, and four-wheel drive was also available.

Read the MotorTrend review of the Ford Explorer RIGHT HERE.

Mazda Navajo

Based on the Ford Explorer Sport, the Mazda Navajo was only available in the two-door body style. Initially only available in four-wheel drive, a rear-drive model was introduced in Although it shared its sheetmetal with the Explorer, the Navajo was given a unique grille and front bumper, exterior trim, taillights, and wheels. Interior changes were even more subtle. Two trim levels were offered, with the base model featuring power windows, locks, and mirrors. An available premium package included air conditioning, cruise control, a pop-up moonroof, and more. The Navajo was only offered for one generation.

Ford Explorer Sport

Although the Ford Explorer Sport was based on the regular four-door Explorer, the two-door model rode on a wheelbase 10 inches shorter. Initially a trim level, the Explorer Sport eventually became its own model. The Explorer Sport lasted for the first two generations of the regular Explorer, the second-generation Sport outlasting the second-generation four-door Explorer by two years with a face-lift. The shorter wheelbase Explorer Sport was more maneuverable off-road but at the expense of ride quality. The two-door configuration also hindered back-seat accessibility. The Explorer Sport was only available with the V-6 engine.

Ford Explorer Sport Trac

The first-generation Explorer Sport Trac rode on an extended wheelbase with a short composite bed behind the rear doors, a change from Explorer Sport's shortened four-door second-generation Explorer wheelbase. It shared the same front-end styling of the Explorer Sport, as well as the same liter SOHC V-6 and five-speed automatic. A five-speed manual became available later. The larger second-generation () Explorer Sport Trac was based on the new fourth-generation Explorer, including its independent rear end. The liter V-6 and five-speed auto was standard, and the liter three-valve engine and six-speed auto were also available.

Second Generation: Ford Explorer

Although still based on the Ranger, the second-generation Explorer received significant updates, including a more aerodynamic front end and mechanical changes. A fully independent short- and long-arm front suspension replaced the semi-independent twin I-Beam/traction-beam, and a new rack-and-pinion setup replaced the recirculating-ball steering. In , the liter V-8 with an available full-time all-wheel-drive system hit the market; a year later, a more powerful liter SOHC V-6 became available with a five-speed automatic, and new heads on the V-8 give a small power bump.

Firestone Controversy

Despite its popularity with consumers, controversy surrounded first- and second-generation Ford Explorers (and related Mazda Navajo and Mercury Mountaineer models - a Mountaineer is pictured here) and the factory-installed Firestone tires. The Explorers were more prone to rollovers than other SUVs. Ford believed the issue was related to tread separation on faulty tires, and Firestone claimed that Ford didn't recommend enough air pressure. Although Ford said the low tire pressure recommendation (26 psi) didn't affect Goodyear tires, the automaker sent owners replacement stickers with a higher pressure recommendation (30 psi). Driver overreaction to the blowout was also considered a contributing factor in the rollovers.

Mercury Mountaineer

The Mercury Mountaineer SUV's three generations coincided with the second through fourth generations of the Ford Explorer. In order to differentiate the Mountaineer from the Explorer, the mid-lux SUV originally arrived with the liter V-8 as its sole engine offering. Outside, the Mountaineer featured a new grille design and some trim differences, and the interior offered a more premium feel. In its second year, Mercury added the liter V-6 and a mild face-lift to increase sales. The second- () and third-generation () models received the same changes as the Explorer but offered slightly higher-quality interiors and Mercury's unique front- and rear-end treatments.

Third Generation: Ford Explorer

No longer based on the Ford Ranger, the third-generation Ford Explorer went under an extensive redesign. The new Explorer featured an independent rearend and seating for up to seven passengers with an available third-row seat. That independent rearend gave the third row more room than expected in a midsize SUV. Inside, the Explorer featured more amenities and better ergonomics than ever. The liter SOHC V-6 carried over, but the liter SOHC V-8 rated hp and lb-ft of torque replaced the liter V The manual transmission was dropped after

Lincoln Aviator

Based on the third-generation Explorer, the Lincoln Aviator complemented the full-size Navigator in the premium brand's lineup. In order to differentiate it from the Explorer and Mountaineer, the Aviator was powered by the Mustang Mach 1's liter DOHC four-valve V-8 mated to a five-speed auto. Power was rated hp and lb-ft. Second-row bucket seats and a console were standard, and a bench was optional. The exterior featured Lincoln styling with available HID headlights, and the interior featured electroluminescent gauges and walnut wood trim throughout. Slow sales led to its short three-year production run.

Fourth Generation: Ford Explorer

Although the fourth-generation Explorer looked like a warmed-over version of the previous model, it featured lots of new content under the skin, including a new stiffer frame with through-the-frame-rail crossmembers and a revised front suspension. Although the liter SOHC V-6 and five-speed auto carried over, the available liter V-8 gained a new three-valve head good for hp and a six-speed automatic. Inside, the interior was noticeably improved, and Roll Stability Control, canopy airbags, and other adaptive safety devices improved safety.

Fifth Generation: Ford Explorer

Based on a modified Ford Taurus sedan's unibody chassis and transverse engine layout, the fifth-generation Ford Explorer received significant changes from prior generations. The Explorer made its debut with a hp liter V-6 with lb-ft mated to a six-speed automatic and was available in front- or all-wheel drive. Ford introduced the underwhelming hp liter EcoBoost I-4 with a lb-ft engine option. Despite its premium price, it was slower than the liter V-6 with only slightly better fuel economy. The liter EcoBoost was only available in front-drive guise. The Ford Explorer Sport returned in as a completely different animal. Still a four-door, the Explorer Sport was powered by the Taurus SHO sedan's hp liter EcoBoost V-6 with lb-ft and standard all-wheel drive. Ford claimed mph comes in 6 seconds flat.

Fifth Generation Refresh: Ford Explorer

Revealed at the Los Angeles auto show, the refreshed Ford Explorer helped extend the life of the fifth-gen SUV by adding revised styling, a new infotainment system, and more. The base turbo liter four-cylinder engine was dropped in favor of a version of the turbo liter making hp and lb-ft, which was good enough to shave a whole second off the turbo-four model's time in our tests.   But there's only so much a midcycle refresh can fix, and the interior packaging issues of the fifth-gen Explorer wouldn't be addressed until

Sixth Generation: Ford Explorer

The sixth-generation Explorer shifts from a front-drive to a rear-drive architecture, with all-wheel drive available. With its new setup, the SUV achieves a wider stance and short overhang, promising better off-road capabilities and more room inside the cabin.

For , the Explorer offers a standard liter turbocharged inline-four engine that makes hp. That's up 10 hp from the previous model year, and it replaces a six-speed automatic with a new speed automatic. If you want more power, a twin-turbo liter V-6 is good for ponies, and an ST model is specially tuned to pump out hp. Opt for the hybrid Explorer, and you'll receive a liter V-6 and electric motor combo with a combined hp. The new Explorer also receives a pound increase in max towing capacity.

Inside the cabin, new technologies abound. Along with a inch digital cluster, there is an optional inch capacitive screen (standard inch screen) with an updated Sync 3 interface. Instead of a traditional gear stalk, you'll find a new rotary gear shifter, as well as an electronic parking brake.

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Relive the '90s Outdoor Lifestyle in This Minty Stick-Shift Ford Explorer

When the Explorer first appeared 30 years ago, it was a more rugged machine that offered a standard transmission.

Today's Ford Explorer is a fairly run-of-the-mill three-row family SUV, which means it offers all-wheel drive, no real off-road capability, and is sold exclusively with an automatic transmission. But it hasn't always been this way—those who remember the original Explorer, you know, the one in the first Jurassic Park movie, will recall that it was a much more capable, much less polished thing. That was partially due to its roots in the Bronco II platform shared with the Ranger pickup truck, and partially because anything SUV-shaped in was just expected to be able to, at a minimum, get a little dirty. Maybe bash a few rocks. The Explorer was a truck at heart, and its long-throw manual transmission just added to its rustic charm.

Should anyone feel like reliving the Explorer's wild early years, there are no shortage of these boxy sport utility vehicles sitting on Craigslist and used-car lots across the nation. Plus, these first-generation models (and some second-generation examples) are the only way to pair the Explorer nameplate with a clutch pedal and a stick-shift transmission. It seems the manual was a more commonly specified option on the two-door Explorer Sport—another Explorer variant you no longer can buy today—but we stumbled across the blue, seemingly mint-condition 67,mile four-door Ford Explorer pictured here on Craigslist that nonetheless packs the rare five-speed.

It's almost weird to see what we now accept as a common family vehicle sprouting a long shift lever between its front seats, along with a hefty looking clutch pedal to the left of the brake. But here it is, in all its early '90s FoMoCo glory. Back then, the Explorer lineup was fairly straightforward: You would choose between the two-door and the four-door body styles, then pick your drive layout (rear- or proper four-wheel drive), and select either the standard five-speed manual or the optional four-speed automatic. Sure, there were color and trim options, as well, but there was precious little diversity to the lineup, and every Explorer came with the same liter Cologne V-6 engine. A modern Explorer offers, by contrast, only one body style but several trim levels, multiple engines, and more convenience features on the base model than were imaginable in

What makes the first-generation Explorer even cooler is that Ford let buyers pair the manual transmission with four-wheel drive. Again, in the context of the day, perhaps, this isn't all that surprising. True four-wheelers were expected to have real four-wheel drive with low-range gearing, and next to that, it wasn't strange at all for that drivetrain to be paired with a manual. But these days, stick shifts are reserved mostly for sporty cars and entry-level variants of trucks and other SUVs, and often they are restricted from trims with nicer features or better drivetrains.

The XLT trim was the volume offering for the Explorer in , as it is today on the F pickup, and this specific example sports a matching blue cloth interior with sweet fade-graphic seat covers, no headrests (they're integrated in the front seatbacks), and nary an airbag in sight. The four-wheel drive is activated via pushbuttons on the dashboard, to the right of the steering wheel, and that little flourish amounts to the highest dose of luxury in an otherwise utilitarian cabin. The fit and finish throughout is . . . no great, but hey, this was the s, and Ford suffered from fast and loose build quality just as did other American automakers. Consider it charming.

Also, why complain? First-gen Explorers are cheap, probably because they aren't as collectible as period Broncos, Jeeps, and other more "classic" 4x4s. We found numerous nice examples online for under $5,, including several stick-shift, two-door Explorer Sports, which are comparably rare. Do we wish the modern Explorer came with a manual? Not really, but if you're looking for an old one, get the stick shift for that ultimate rugged s vibe.

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Ford Explorer

Range of SUVs manufactured by Ford Motor Company

For the Explorer-based pickup truck, see Ford Explorer Sport Trac.

Motor vehicle

The Ford Explorer is a range of SUVs manufactured by Ford Motor Company since the model year. The first four-door SUV produced by Ford, the Explorer was introduced as a replacement for the two-door Bronco II. Within the current Ford light truck range, the Explorer is slotted between the Ford Edge and Ford Expedition. As with the Ford Ranger, the Explorer derives its name from a trim package previously offered on the Ford F-Series pickup trucks.

Currently in its sixth generation, the Explorer has been offered with multiple chassis and powertrain layouts. The first two generations were directly derived from the Ford Ranger, switching to a model-specific chassis for the third and fourth generations. The fifth generation was repackaged as a CUV, adopting a variant of the Ford Taurus chassis architecture (developed for SUV use).

Alongside the five-door Explorer wagon, a three-door Explorer wagon was offered from to , serving as the direct replacement of the Bronco II; the Ford Explorer Sport Trac was a crew-cab pickup derived from the model line. For police use, the Ford Police Interceptor Utility has been derived from the fifth and sixth-generation Explorer to replace Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor (and the later Taurus-based Police Interceptor Sedan). Through rebranding, Mazda, Mercury, and Lincoln have sold versions of the Explorer; Lincoln currently markets the sixth-generation model line as the Lincoln Aviator.

The first four generations of the Explorer were produced by Ford at its Louisville Assembly Plant (Louisville, Kentucky) and at its now-closed St. Louis Assembly Plant (Hazelwood, Missouri); the model line is now currently produced at Chicago Assembly (Chicago, Illinois).

In , CNBC reported the Ford Explorer range as the best selling SUV of all time in America.[3]

First generation (UN46; - )[edit]

Motor vehicle

First generation (UN46)
 Ford Explorer Sport front jpg

First-generation Ford Explorer Sport

Also&#;calledMazda Navajo
ProductionFebruary 15, [4] – November [5][6]
Model&#;years
AssemblyUnited States: Louisville, Kentucky (Louisville Assembly Plant); St. Louis, Missouri (St. Louis Assembly)
Venezuela: Valencia, Carabobo (Valencia Assembly)
Body&#;style3-door SUV
5-door SUV
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
RelatedFord Ranger
Engine L OHV CologneV6
Transmission5-speed M5OD-R1manual
4-speed A4LDautomatic
Wheelbase3-door: &#;in (2,&#;mm)
5-door: &#;in (2,&#;mm)
Length3-door: &#;in (4,&#;mm)
5-door: &#;in (4,&#;mm)
Width&#;in (1,&#;mm)
Height3-door: &#;in (1,&#;mm)
5-door: &#;in (1,&#;mm)
Eddie Bauer: &#;in (1,&#;mm)

The first-generation Ford Explorer was introduced in March as a model-year vehicle. While again sharing a visual commonality with the Ford Ranger, the Explorer differed significantly from its Bronco II predecessor, becoming a family-oriented vehicle with off-road capability.[7] In a significant design change, a five-door body style joined the model line, competing against the Jeep Cherokee and Chevrolet S Blazer (the Explorer and five-door S Blazer were introduced within a month of each other).

To further attract family buyers, Ford aerodynamically optimized the passenger compartment of the Explorer, adopting flush-mounted glass and wraparound doors; a wider body allowed for three-across rear seating. To optimize cargo space, the traditional swing-away spare tire carrier was deleted in favor of an underfloor location. Similar to the Ford Taurus station wagon, the rear liftgate was fitted with a flip-up rear window.

Chassis[edit]

As with the Bronco II, the first-generation Explorer (design code UN46) shares its chassis underpinnings with the Ford Ranger. The three-door version uses a inch wheelbase ( inches longer than the Bronco II); the five-door uses a wheelbase ( inches longer).

Powertrain[edit]

The Explorer was introduced with a hp &#;L Cologne V6, replacing the L V6 of the Bronco II; the engine was shared with the Ford Aerostar and the Ranger. A Mazda M5OD 5-speed manual was the standard transmission offering, with the option of the Ford 4-speed A4LD overdrive automatic transmission. For , the engine output was increased to &#;hp (&#;kW).

Along with the standard rear-wheel drive powertrain, at its launch, the Explorer was also offered with various configurations of part-time four-wheel drive, powered by a Borg Warner 13–54 transfer case. The "Touch Drive" electric-shift transfer case was standard (shared with the Ranger and the previous Bronco II); it allowed the vehicle to be shifted from two-wheel drive into high-range 4x4 drive (at any speed) and into low-range 4x4 (when stopped). As an option, the Explorer was also offered with a manual-shift transfer case (the option was paired with manual-locking hubs).[7]

All Explorers were equipped with the Ford axle in either a limited-slip differential or open version; multiple rear-axle ratios could be specified. Four-wheel-drive front axles were the TTB ("Twin Traction Beam") Dana 35 with some Dana spec components; 4x2 models shared Twin I-Beam components with the Ranger.

Body[edit]

Shifting into the midsize SUV size class,[2] the Explorer is far larger than the Bronco II. In comparison to its predecessor, the three-door Explorer is inches longer and inches wider; a five-door Explorer is inches longer and pounds heavier than the Bronco II.[2]

Again sharing a front fascia with the Ford Ranger (including front bumper, fenders, headlamps, wheels, and grille), the passenger compartment of the Explorer underwent major upgrades over its predecessor. Alongside the addition of a five-door body style, the body underwent multiple aerodynamic upgrades; the Explorer received its own door stampings, eliminating exterior drip rails (wrapping the doors onto the roof) and bracket-mount side-view mirrors (replaced by ones integrated onto the doors). In what would become a design feature of the model line, the B-pillar and D-pillars were blacked out (visually lowering the vehicle).

The interior of the Explorer shared its dashboard with the Ranger in its entirety. In line with its own door stampings, the Explorer received model-specific door panels and interior trim. Five passenger seating was standard; on five-door versions, a front split-bench seat was offered as an option, expanding seating to six.[7][8] On three-door vehicles, four-passenger seating was standard, with front bucket seats and a split-folding rear bench.

Trim[edit]

Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer
Ford Explorer Sport rear

In line with other Ford light trucks, the five-door Explorer offered two primary trim levels. The XL served as the base-level trim with XLT serving as the higher-range trim. Sharing the features of the XLT, the outdoors-themed Eddie Bauer was the highest-range trim. The XL was distinguished by a black grille (chrome optional) with steel wheels, while the XLT offered a chrome grille and alloy wheels; the Eddie Bauer offered alloy wheels and two-tone paintwork.

Alongside its five-door counterpart, the three-door Explorer offered the XL trim and Eddie Bauer trims. In place of the XLT trim, the three-door offered the Sport trim, distinguished by its black lower bodywork, grille, and standard alloy wheels.[7][8] From to , the Sport-trim three-door Explorer was rebranded as the Mazda Navajo (see below); the Navajo became the first SUV to win the Motor TrendTruck of the Year award.[9]

For , Ford introduced the Explorer Limited as a luxury-trim version of the model line.[8] Largely intended as a competitor for the Oldsmobile Bravada, the Limited was a five-door vehicle that equipped with nearly every available feature of the model line (the only available options were a sunroof, compact disc player, and towing package[8]). The Limited standardized several optional features introduced for the Explorer, including an anti-theft system, keyless entry, and automatic headlights.[8] In contrast to the two-tone Eddie Bauer, the Limited was styled with a monochromatic exterior, including a color-matched grille, headlight trim, and bumpers; the alloy wheels and lower bodywork were also model-specific.

Second generation (UN/; - )[edit]

Motor vehicle

Second generation (UN/UN)
 Ford Explorer XLT L, front jpg
Also&#;calledFord Explorer Sport (3-door)
ProductionNovember – December [10]
November –July (Explorer Sport)
Model&#;years– (5-door)
– (3-door)
AssemblyUnited States: Louisville, Kentucky (Louisville Assembly Plant); St. Louis, Missouri (St. Louis Assembly)
Venezuela: Valencia, Carabobo (Valencia Assembly)
DesignerBob Aikins ()
Body&#;style3-door SUV (–)
5-door SUV (–)
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
RelatedFord Explorer Sport Trac
Mercury Mountaineer
Engine&#;L CologneOHVV6 (–)
&#;L CologneSOHC V6 (–)
&#;L small blockOHVV8 (–)
Transmission5-speed M5OD-R1manual ( L OHV)
5-speed M5OD-R1HD (– Explorer Sport)
4-speed 4R55Eautomatic ( L –)
4-speed 4R70Wautomatic (V8 models)
5-speed 5R55Eautomatic ( L –)
Wheelbase–97 5-door: &#;in (2,&#;mm)
– 5-door: &#;in (2,&#;mm)
–99 3-door: &#;in (2,&#;mm)
–03 3-door: &#;in (2,&#;mm)
Length– 5-door: &#;in (4,&#;mm)
–97 3-door: &#;in (4,&#;mm)
–99 3-door: &#;in (4,&#;mm)
–03 3-door: &#;in (4,&#;mm)
Width&#;in (1,&#;mm)
Height–&#;in (1,–1,&#;mm)

For the model year, Ford released a second generation of the Explorer. Following the success of the first generation, the redesign of the exterior was largely evolutionary, with the model line receiving front bodywork distinct from the Ranger. Rear-wheel drive remained standard, with four-wheel drive offered as an option; all-wheel drive was also introduced as an option.

To better compete against the Jeep Grand Cherokee, a litres (&#;cu&#;in) V8 was introduced as an optional engine. The Explorer went from lacking airbags to having dual airbags (a first for an American-brand SUV).

For , the Lincoln-Mercury division introduced its first SUV, the Mercury Mountaineer; in contrast to the Mazda Navajo, the Mountaineer was sold only as a five-door. For , Ford introduced the Ford Explorer Sport Trac mid-size crew-cab pickup truck based on the five-door Explorer. Following the introduction of the third-generation Explorer for , the three-door used the second-generation bodystyle through the model year.

Chassis[edit]

The second-generation Ford Explorer is based upon the Ford U1 platform shared with its predecessor, adopting the UN/UN model codes. Introducing key chassis upgrades that were also shared with the Ford Ranger, the long-running Twin I-Beam/Twin Traction Beam front suspension was retired in favor of a short/long-arm (SLA) wishbone front suspension configuration. Along with more compact packaging of front suspension components (allowing for a lower hoodline), the design allowed for improved on-road handling/feel. In line with the Ranger and F-Series trucks, the rear suspension remained a leaf-sprung live rear axle.[11]

The standard four-wheel ABS of the previous generation returned; the rear drum brakes were replaced by disc brakes.[11] As with the first generation, rear-wheel drive remained standard with part-time four-wheel drive as an option; all-wheel drive became an option for the first time.

Powertrain[edit]

Ford Explorer XLT V8

The second generation Explorer carried over its hp &#;L V6 from the previous generation (shared with the Ranger and Aerostar). For , largely to match the V8 engine offerings of the Jeep Grand Cherokee and Land Rover Discovery, a &#;hp (&#;kW) litres (&#;cu&#;in) V8 (marketed as &#;L) was introduced as an option for rear-wheel drive XLT five-doors. By , the V8 was offered with nearly all trims (except XL[11]) and was paired with all-wheel drive; output was increased to &#;hp (&#;kW) (from revised cylinder heads).

For , a third engine was added to the model line, as Ford introduced an overhead-cam version of the &#;L Cologne V6. Differing from its predecessor primarily by its single overhead-cam drivetrain, the hp engine rivaled the V8 in output. Introduced as standard equipment for Eddie Bauer and Limited trims, by , the engine became offered on all non-XL trims.[11] For , the overhead-valve version of the &#;L V6 was discontinued, with the SOHC engine becoming standard (and the only engine of the Explorer Sport).

Following the introduction of the overhead-cam Triton-series V8s for the Ford F-Series and E-Series, the Explorer would be the final Ford Motor Company vehicle in North America sold with an overhead-valve gasoline-powered V8 engine for nearly two decades (until the introduction of the &#;L Godzilla V8 for Super Duty trucks).

For , Ford added flex-fuel capability to the Explorer for the first time.

A Mazda-produced 5-speed manual was standard with the &#;L OHV V6 engine; the SOHC V6 was not offered with a manual transmission until , receiving a heavier-duty version of the Mazda-sourced 5-speed. The V6 Explorers initially received a 4-speed automatic, shared with the Ranger and Aerostar, adopting a 5-speed automatic for The litres (&#;cu&#;in) V8 was paired only with a 4-speed heavy-duty automatic (shared with the F, Crown Victoria/Grand Marquis, and Lincoln Mark VIII).

For the second-generation Explorer, the four-wheel drive system underwent a redesign. The previous Touch-Drive system (electrically-operated) was retired and replaced by ControlTrac, an electronically controlled full-time four-wheel drive system with a two-speed transfer case; in place of a center differential, software-controlled a multi-disc clutch. Similar to the previous push-button Touch-Drive system, a rotary dash selector was used for driver input, selecting two-wheel drive (rear wheels), and four-wheel drive (high and low range). As an intermediate mode, "Auto" mode allowed software to control the torque sent to the front wheels; if the front axle began to spin, torque was shifted from the rear wheels to the front wheels until traction is achieved. As a result of low demand from the first generation, manual hubs and manual transfer cases were withdrawn as an option.

Similar to the system used on the Aerostar van, the V8 Explorer used a full-time all-wheel drive system without separate high or low ranges. The all-wheel drive required no driver input; torque distribution was entirely managed by a viscous clutch with a 40/60 split.

Engine Production Configuration Power Torque Transmission Transfer Case
Ford Cologne V6 &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) OHV 12V V6 &#;hp (&#;kW) &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) 5-speed manual (Mazda M5OD-R1)

4-speed automatic (Ford 4R55E);

5-speed automatic (Ford 5R55E);

Borg Warner Electric Shift Control Trac
Ford Cologne V6 &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) SOHC 12V V6 &#;hp (&#;kW) &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) 5-speed manual (Mazda M5OD-R1HD); Explorer Sport

5-speed automatic (Ford 5R55E)

Borg Warner Electric Shift Control Trac;

Borg Warner Electric Shift; Explorer Sport

Ford small block L V8 &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) OHV 16V V8 &#;hp (&#;kW) &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) 4-speed automatic (Ford 4R70W) Borg Warner Full-Time AWD

Body[edit]

Ford Explorer XLS
Interior, Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer

While bearing an evolutionary resemblance to the previous generation, nearly the entire body underwent a change, with only the roof and the side door stampings carried over. Coinciding with the lower hoodline allowed by the redesigned front suspension, much of the body was distinguished by a restyled front fascia, introducing a styling theme used by several other Ford light trucks during the late s. The Ford Blue Oval was centered in a now-oval grille, joined by oval headlamp clusters wrapping into the fenders. In contrast to the front fascia, the rear body saw relatively few changes, receiving mildly restyled taillamps (with amber turn signals). In a functional change, the Explorer received a neon CHMSL (center brake light), adopted from the Lincoln Mark VIII.[12]

While again directly sharing its dashboard with the Ranger, the interior of the Ranger underwent a complete redesign (allowing for the fitment of dual airbags). To improve driver ergonomics, the instrument panel received larger gauges, rotary-style climate controls, and a double-DIN radio panel.

For , export-market Explorers received a third-row seat as an option (expanding seating to seven passengers).

For , Ford gave the exterior of the model line a mid-cycle revision. Distinguished by body-color rear D-pillars and larger taillamps, the rear license plate was relocated from the rear bumper to the liftgate (to better accommodate export); the neon CHMSL was replaced by an LED version. In another change, inch wheels were introduced.

The interior received redesigned front and rear seats; alongside second-generation dual airbags, side airbags were introduced (as an option). Other options included load-leveling air suspension (on Eddie Bauer and Limited) and a reverse-sensing warning system. The rarely-specified 60/40 front bench seat was restricted to fleet vehicles after and was discontinued for [11]

For , the front bumper underwent a second revision, adding a larger cooling inlet and standard fog lights.

For , the three-door Explorer Sport underwent an additional revision, adopting the front fascia of the Explorer Sport Trac pickup truck.

Trim[edit]

Ford Explorer Limited

At its launch, the second-generation Ford Explorer retained the use of the previous trim nomenclature; the standard trim was the XL, with the XLT serving as the primary model upgrade. Along with the two-tone Eddie Bauer trim, the highest trim Explorer was the monochromatic Ford Explorer Limited. For , XLS replaced XL as the base trim (introduced as an appearance package for ).

In contrast to five-door Explorers, second-generation three-door Ford Explorers shifted to a separate trim nomenclature. While the XL remained the base model (largely for fleets), most examples were produced under a single Sport trim level (again equipped similarly to the XLT). For , Ford replaced the 3-door Eddie Bauer with the Expedition trim; in anticipation of the full-size Ford Expedition SUV, the trim line was withdrawn for the model year.

For , all three-door Explorers became Explorer Sports; the model was produced alongside the third-generation Explorer through the model year.

Epilogue[edit]

Ford Explorer XL (UQ) 5-door (Australia, RHD)

Outside of North America, this generation of the Explorer was marketed in right-hand drive configurations[citation needed] As of , RHD countries (such as Japan) export used examples of the Explorer to other countries (such as Australia and New Zealand) where there is demand for right-hand drive SUVs. Due to Japan's strict Shaken Laws, used vehicles tend to have low mileage with detailed repair histories.[13]

In the United States, the second-generation Ford Explorer has the (dubious) distinction of being two of the top five vehicles traded-in under the "Cash for Clunkers" program, with the 4WD model topping the list and the 2WD model coming in at number 4.

Third generation (U; - )[edit]

Motor vehicle

Third generation (U)
 Ford Explorer -- jpg
ProductionNovember –June
Model&#;years
AssemblyUnited States: Louisville, Kentucky (Louisville Assembly Plant); St. Louis, Missouri (St. Louis Assembly)
Venezuela: Valencia, Carabobo, (Valencia Assembly)
DesignerEdward Golden ()[14]
Body&#;style4-door SUV
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
RelatedFord Explorer Sport
Ford Explorer Sport Trac
Lincoln Aviator
Mercury Mountaineer
Engine&#;L CologneV6
&#;L valve ModularV8
Transmission5-speed M5OD-R1HDmanual
5-speed 5R55Wautomatic
5-speed 5R55S automatic
Wheelbase– &#;in (2,&#;mm)
– &#;in (2,&#;mm)
Length&#;in (4,&#;mm)
Width&#;in (1,&#;mm)
Height&#;in (1,&#;mm)

The third-generation Ford Explorer went on sale in January for the model year. Undergoing the first complete redesign since its introduction, the Explorer ended its direct model commonality with the Ford Ranger in favor of a purpose-built SUV design. Following a decline in demand for three-door SUVs, Ford developed the third-generation Explorer solely as a five-door wagon; the three-door Explorer Sport from the second generation continued production through the model year.

The primary objective behind the development of the model line was to make the Explorer more competitive in both domestic and export markets.[15] Along with tuning the vehicle for higher-speed European driving, Ford also benchmarked the model line against the Lexus RX and the (then-in-development) Volkswagen Touareg.[15] The Lincoln-Mercury division marketed the third-generation Explorer, with Mercury introducing a second generation of the Mercury Mountaineeer; Lincoln offered its first version of the Explorer, marketing the Lincoln Aviator from to

Chassis[edit]

The third-generation Explorer (design code U) marked a major change in the model line, ending chassis commonality with the Ford Ranger. While still retaining body-on-frame construction, the U chassis was developed specifically for the third-generation Explorer (and its Lincoln-Mercury counterparts). The wheelbase was extended slightly, to inches. Along with rear-wheel drive, the third-generation Explorer was offered with both four-wheel drive and permanent all-wheel drive.

Following the redesign of the front suspension of the previous-generation Explorer, Ford redesigned the suspension layout of the rear axle, replacing the leaf-sprung live rear axle with an independent rear axle located by two half-shafts (similar to the Ford MN12 chassis). The 4-wheel independent configuration was a first for Ford Motor Company trucks and American-market SUVs (with the exception of the HMMWV-derived Hummer H1). As with the previous generation, four-wheel disc brakes were standard with an anti-lock braking system.

Powertrain[edit]

Carried over from the previous generation, a hp &#;L V6 was the standard engine. The &#;L V8 of the previous generation was retired, with the Explorer adopting a hp &#;L Modular V8 as its optional engine (shared with the Ford Crown Victoria/Mercury Grand Marquis); the Explorer was the final V8-powered American Ford to adopt the &#;L engine.

For , a 5-speed manual transmission was standard equipment with the &#;L V6, the final year a manual transmission was offered for the model line.[16] From to , the Ford 5R55 5-speed automatic transmission (previously optional for the &#;L V6) was paired with the &#;L V6 and the L V8.

Third-generation (U) Ford Explorer powertrain details
Engine name Production Engine Configuration Output Transmission
Power Torque
Ford Cologne V6 &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) SOHC 12V V6 &#;hp (&#;kW) &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) Mazda M5OD-R1HD 5-speed manual ( only)

Ford 5R55 5-speed automatic

Ford Modular V8 &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) SOHC 16V V8 &#;hp (&#;kW) at rpm &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) at rpm Ford 5R55 5-speed automatic

Body[edit]

Ford Explorer XLS Sport
Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer

In contrast with the second-generation Ford Explorer (a major revision of the first-generation model line), the third-generation Ford Explorer was a ground-up redesign (ending all body commonality with the Ford Ranger). Offered solely as a five-door wagon, the model line returned several exterior design elements from previous-generation Explorers (blacked-out B and D-pillars, quarter glass in the rear doors); the grille and taillights were elements adopted from the larger Ford Expedition. The Ford Explorer introduced a design theme adopted by multiple Ford vehicles, including the Ford Expedition, the Ford Freestar, and the Ford Freestyle wagon and Five Hundred sedan.

Proportioned nearly identically the same as the previous two generations, the third-generation Explorer was an inch shorter, two inches wider, and two inches longer in wheelbase. Several functional changes were brought to the Explorer as part of the rear suspension redesign. The change allowed for a lower rear cargo floor, adding nearly 10 cubic feet of additional cargo space. Offered on nearly all versions, a folding third-row seat was offered as either standard equipment or as an option (expanding seating to seven passengers).[17] For , a rear-bucket seat configuration became an option for higher-trim models, including a second center console (reducing seating to six).[18][19] Following the design of previous generations, the third-generation Explorer again received a multi-opening rear liftgate, enlarging the rear window opening (covered partially by a filler panel, housing the rear windshield washer).

Trim[edit]

Ford Explorer (UT) XLT (rear view, Australia)

For the model year, the third-generation Ford Explorer adopted the trim nomenclature of its predecessor. The base trim of the model line was the XLS (intended largely for fleet sale) with the newly introduced XLS Sport, which standardized many options offered for the XLS.[17] The primary trim level of the Explorer was the XLT, split into two versions; the standard XLT received a monochromatic exterior and the XLT Sport received gray lower-body trim and inch wheels.[20] The Eddie Bauer and Limited returned as the highest-trim versions of the Explorer, with the Eddie Bauer distinguished by tan lower-body trim; the Limited was styled with a body-color exterior.

For and , Ford marketed the Explorer NBX trim. Equipped between the XLT and Eddie Bauer/Limited, the Explorer NBX was an off-road oriented version of the Explorer equipped with all-terrain tires, black bumpers and body cladding, heavy-duty roof rack, and custom seat trim.[20] The NBX was also offered with an Off-Road option package; offered with any four-wheel drive Explorer, the option featured skid plates, tow hooks, and upgraded suspension.[20]

Safety[edit]

Undergoing development during the late s, the third-generation Explorer adopted safety features in response to the tread separation controversy that affected the previous-generation model line. Along with the deletion of the Firestone Wilderness AT tires, to further reduce rollover risk, the front and rear axles were widened (the latter, coinciding with the introduction of independent rear suspension). As an option, AdvanceTrac was introduced as a stability control system.[18][20] For , AdvanceTrac was redesigned, becoming AdvanceTrac RSC (Roll Stability Control); included as a standard feature, the system used ABS, traction control, stability control, and yaw control to reduce rollover risk.[19]

In addition to standard dual front-seat airbags, seatbelt pretensioners were added; side-curtain airbags became an option on all versions of the model line.[18][19][20]

Fourth generation (U; - )[edit]

Motor vehicle

Fourth generation (U)
 Ford Explorer -- jpg
ProductionJuly –December 16, [21]
Model&#;years
AssemblyUnited States: Louisville, Kentucky (Louisville Assembly Plant); St. Louis, Missouri (St. Louis Assembly)
Venezuela: Valencia, Carabobo (Valencia Assembly)
DesignerJeff Nowak ()
Body&#;style4-door SUV
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
RelatedFord Explorer Sport Trac
Mercury Mountaineer
Engine&#;L Cologne SOHCV6
&#;L Modular valveV8
Transmission5-speed 5R55Sautomatic
6-speed 6Rautomatic
Wheelbase&#;in (2,&#;mm)
Length&#;in (4,&#;mm)
Width&#;in (1,&#;mm)
Height– &#;in (1,&#;mm)
&#;in (1,&#;mm)
– &#;in (1,&#;mm)

Ford Explorer

Interior

The Ford Explorer and the Mercury Mountaineer were both updated for the model year on a new frame, produced by Magna International rather than Tower Automotive. Along with this new, stronger chassis, Ford updated the interior, redesigned the rear suspension and added optional power-folding third-row seats. Also, a tire pressure monitoring system and electronic stability control became standard equipment. In power-deployable running boards, like the ones from the Lincoln Navigator, were also made available for Eddie Bauer and Limited trims on the Explorer and the Premier trim on the Mountaineer; the running boards lower to allow easier access when entering the vehicle, then retract upon door closure. Unlike previous generations, there was no right-hand drive option available for order, causing Ford to market Explorers in Japan in left-hand drive configuration. The LHD Explorers were desirable there because LHD vehicles are considered prestigious in Japan. Moreover, Ford switched to a one-piece rear liftgate design due to the problems associated with the previous generation's design.

This generation Explorer would be the last to use body on frame construction as future Explorers, beginning in , would use unibody construction. Additionally, it was the last generation to be produced in Louisville, Kentucky.

The &#;hp (&#;kW) &#;L valveSOHC V6 was once again the standard engine. The &#;hp (&#;kW) &#;L valveSOHC V8, similar to the Fifth-generation Ford Mustang's engine, was available as an option. The 6-speed 6Rautomatic transmission, built by Ford and based on a ZF design, was made standard equipment with the V8 engine as well. The five-speed 5R55W automatic transmission was advanced and became the 5R55S. It was the only transmission available for the V6 engine, because the Mazda five-speed manual transmission was dropped in the previous generation.

The Ford Explorer was nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award for

The fourth generation Explorer was the last generation to also have a Mercury Mountaineer counterpart as Mercury was dissolved in

Model year changes[edit]

For , The Explorer received a few minor updates including a standard AUX input on all stereos, optional power running boards, a heated windshield, Ironman Package, XLT Appearance Package, and heated leather seat package. The XLS trim was also dropped for , and the XLT became the base model. Additionally, the leather-wrapped steering wheel, power driver seat, and dual illuminated vanity mirrors were deleted as standard equipment on the XLT trim. Side curtain airbags were optional on Eddie Bauer and Limited trims, while XLT models were only available with seat-mounted side torso airbags. The Ford Explorer Sport Trac was also re-introduced for the model year after skipping [22]

For , Ford added standard side curtain airbags on all Explorers. The Ford Explorer also became the first Ford vehicle to utilize the cap-less fuel filler system, though Explorers were not equipped with it until mid-year Three new colors were added for the model year: Stone Green clearcoat metallic, Vapor Silver clearcoat metallic, and White Suede clearcoat metallic. All Explorers now came standard with body-color fender lip and bumper cladding, while Eddie Bauer models received standard Pueblo Gold cladding. The AdvanceTrac badge on the trunk door was replaced with a "4X4" badge on 4WD models. In a reversal from the model year, a leather-wrapped steering wheel with audio controls, a power driver seat, and dual illuminated vanity mirrors were once again standard on the XLT. In addition to this, XLT models also now received faux carbon-fiber trim on the window switches, puddle lights, and a standard overhead console.[23] Furthermore, Ford SYNC was now optional on all Ford Explorer models and the optional satellite navigation system was upgraded with voice control.[24] The Ironman appearance package was dropped after the model year.

For , the Explorer received a trailer sway control system as standard equipment, and the navigation system received traffic flow monitoring with updated gas prices from nearby stations. Revised front headrests were also standard for the model year.[25]

For the model year, Ford's MyKey became standard on all Explorers equipped with the Sync system, while V8s were restricted to 4-wheel-drive models.

The last fourth generation Explorer rolled off the assembly line on December 16,

Engine specifications[edit]

Ford Cologne LSOHC V6
Model years
Power (SAE net)&#;hp (&#;kW)
Torque (SAE net)&#;ft⋅lbf (&#;N⋅m)
Ford Modular L SOHC V8
Model years
Power (SAE net)&#;hp (&#;kW)
Torque (SAE net)&#;ft⋅lbf (&#;N⋅m)

Explorer Ironman[edit]

In , Ford signed a three-year deal to sponsor the Ironman Triathlon. Ford Explorer marketing manager Glen Burke compared the Explorer and the Ironman Triathlon; noting that both had the same attributes of strength, endurance, and passion. The Explorer Ironman debuted on June 25, , for the model year was an interior and exterior appearance package for the XLT trim. It featured a blacked-out front grille, a protruding silver lower grille with rivet patterns and "Ironman" embossing, a unique rear fascia, Ironman badging, smoked headlights, amber fog lights, blacked-out fender flares with rivet patterns, and unique inch wheels. The interior featured unique heated ten-way power-adjustable two-tone black and stone leather seats, as well as silver trim around the radio and climate controls. Additionally, a leather-wrapped steering wheel was standard. The Explorer Ironman was available in only five colors: Oxford White, Ebony, Redfire, Silver Birch, as well as Orange Frost; which was a unique color only available with the Ironman package. The Ironman could be had with either the standard &#;L SOHC V6 or the &#;L V8, and in either standard RWD or 4WD configurations. The Explorer Ironman went on sale in September as a model, and it was discontinued after the model year.[26]

Ford Explorer Sport Trac[edit]

The second generation Sport Trac came out in early for the model year. Unlike its predecessor sold through , it featured the V8 engine as an option and was based on this generation Explorer's platform. AdvanceTrac with Roll Stability Control was made standard on the Sport Trac.

Sport Trac Adrenalin[edit]

Sport Trac Adrenalin

For the model year, the Ford Special Vehicle Team built the Sport Trac Adrenalin concept with a supercharged version of the &#;L Modular V8, with &#;hp (&#;kW), and featuring inch (&#;mm) wheels. The model was planned by Ford SVT to be the successor to the F Lightningsportspickup truck. However, the SVT version of the Adrenalin was cancelled in a cost-cutting move as part of The Way Forward.[27] The Adrenalin was subsequently sold as an appearance package from to It had blacked-out headlights, black grill, monochrome color interior, unique front and rear bumpers, front fender vents, and molded-in running boards. It also came standard with inch polished aluminum wheels, and the fender flares that came on the Explorer and standard Sport Trac were deleted.

Explorer America concept[edit]

Ford Explorer America concept

Ford unveiled an Explorer America concept vehicle at the North American International Auto Show.[28][29][30] The Explorer America concept is built on a unibody platform to reduce weight and improve driveability, migrating from the body-on-frame platform of the fourth generation Explorer. It is designed for up to six passengers while improving fuel economy by 20 to 30 percent relative to the current V6 Explorer. The powertrain packages in the concept vehicle include a 2&#;L four-cylinder turbocharged direct injection EcoBoost gas engine with &#;hp (&#;kW) and &#;ft⋅lbf (&#;N⋅m) of torque, and a &#;L V6 version EcoBoost with &#;hp (&#;kW) and up to &#;ft⋅lbf (&#;N⋅m) of torque.[31]

Fifth generation (U; - )[edit]

Motor vehicle

Fifth generation (U)
 Ford Explorer XLT -- NHTSA.jpg
Also&#;calledFord Explorer Classic (Chile)
ProductionDecember 1, – March 3, [32][33][citation needed]
Model&#;years
AssemblyUnited States: Chicago, Illinois (Chicago Assembly)
Venezuela: Valencia, Carabobo (Valencia Assembly)
Russia: Yelabuga, Tatarstan[34]
DesignerBrian Izard, George Bucher ()
Mike Arbaugh (facelift: )[35]
Body&#;style5-door SUV
LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
PlatformFord D4 platform
RelatedFord Flex
Lincoln MKT
Ford Taurus[36]
Engine L EcoBoost turbocharged I4 (front-wheel drive only)
L EcoBoost turbocharged I4
L Duratec Ti-VCT V6
L EcoBoost twin-turbocharged V6 (all-wheel drive only)
L Cyclone Ti-VCT V6 (Police Interceptor Utility, all-wheel drive only)[37]
Transmission6-speed Ford 6Fautomatic w/ overdrive (EcoBoost I4 model)
6-speed 6F SelectShift automatic (L)
6-speed 6F SelectShift automatic with paddle shifters (Sport model)[38]
Wheelbase&#;in (2,&#;mm)[39]
Length&#;in (5,&#;mm)
Width&#;in (2,&#;mm)
Height&#;in (1,&#;mm)
Curb&#;weight4,–4,&#;lb (1,–2,&#;kg)

Pre-facelift Ford Explorer

Interior

The 5th generation Explorer bore similarity to the Explorer America concept's construction, and includes a unibody structure based on the D4 platform, a modified version of the D3 platform.[40][41] The move from traditional SUV to crossover effectively vacated the midsize SUV segment for Ford until the sixth generation Bronco arrived, which debuted in July [42]

The fifth generation Explorer features blacked-out A, B, and D-pillars to produce a floating roof effect similar to Land Rover's floating roof design used on its sport utility vehicles; a design which Ford previously used on the Ford Flex. The fifth generation Explorer features sculpted body work with stepped style headlamps similar to the Flex, Edge, Escape, Expedition and F, as well as new stepped style tail lamps. The grille features Ford's corporate three-bar design with upper and lower perforated mesh work, similar to that of the sixth-generation Ford Taurus.

The development of the fifth generation Explorer was led by chief engineer Jim Holland from February to October , who was also a chief engineer for Land Rover; heading development of the Land Rover Range Rover (L) facelift from December to December Holland also worked on the Ford Expedition (U) during its initial development.[43]

The fifth generation Explorer made its debut online on July 26, Ford had set up a Ford Explorer Facebook page ahead of its debut.[44] Assembly of the fifth-generation Explorer moved to Ford's Chicago Assembly plant commencing December 1, ,[45] where it is built alongside the Ford Taurus and Lincoln MKS. The Louisville plant, where the previous generation was built, was converted to produce cars based on Ford's global C platform (potentially including the Ford Focus, Ford C-Max, and Ford Kuga).[46] Like the Escape, the Explorer will continue to be marketed as an "SUV" rather than a "crossover SUV". It went on sale in December , after pre-launch sales had by the end of November totaled around 15,[47] The EPA rated fuel economy of 20/28 mpg city/highway for the four-cylinder EcoBoost engine option.

Features[edit]

Available features on the fifth generation Explorer include intelligent access with push button start, remote engine start, power liftgate, power adjustable pedals with memory, premium leather trimmed seating, heated and cooled front seats, dual headrest DVD entertainment system, adaptive cruise control, active park assist, SIRIUS Travel Link, MyFord Touch, Ford SYNC by Microsoft, Sony audio system with HD radio and Apple iTunes tagging, in-dash advanced navigation system, SoundScreen laminated acoustic and solar tinted windshield with rain-sensing wipers, inch polished V-spoke aluminium wheels, and High-intensity discharge headlamps (HID) and LED tail lamps.

Unlike the Explorer America concept vehicle which only seats five occupants, the production Explorer holds two rows of seating with available PowerFold fold-flat third-row seating (like the previous generation) and accommodates up to seven occupants.[48]

Capability[edit]

The Explorer is available in either front-wheel drive or full-time all-wheel drive. At first only one engine was available: the &#;hp (&#;kW) (&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque) &#;L TiVCT (Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing) V6 with either the 6-speed 6F automatic or 6-speed 6F SelectShift automatic.

Soon thereafter, Ford offered the economical[citation needed] &#;hp (&#;kW) (&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque) 2&#;L EcoBoostturbocharged, direct-injected I-4 mated to the 6-speed 6F automatic. The I-4 engine is not available with the optional 6-speed 6F SelectShift automatic, and will only be available in front-wheel drive.[49][50]

The Explorer is available with an automatic intelligent all-wheel drive system inspired by Land Rover, featuring a variable center multi-disc differential with computer controlled lock.[51] Conventional front and rear differentials are used with gearing. The center multi-disc differential controls the front-to-rear torque split, biasing as much as percent of torque to either the front or rear wheels.[52] Depending on the Terrain Management mode selected, the center multi-disc differential's intelligent lock will allow for a torque split in off-road conditions.[52] The power take off (PTO) unit includes a heavy-duty dedicated cooling system to allow the four-wheel drive system to supply continuous non-stop torque delivery to all four wheels indefinitely, without overheating.[53] A "4WD" badge is advertised on the rear liftgate on the all-wheel drive models.[54][55] Explorer's overall off-road crawl ratio is with high range – no low range – gearing only.

Off-road electronics include Hill Descent Control (HDC), Hill Ascent Assist (HAA), four-wheel electronic traction control and Terrain Management.

Four-wheel electronic traction control (ABS braking) is employed to simulate front and rear differential locks via aggressively "brake locking" the front or rear differentials, transferring up to percent of torque from side-to-side.[51][53][56] In the right conditions, the Explorer can keep moving even if only one wheel has traction, regardless of which wheel it is.

Terrain Management includes four selectable modes. Each mode is selected via a rotary control dial on the center console, aft of the transmission shifter.

Depending on the mode selected, Terrain Management will control, adjust, and fine-tune the engine, transmission, center multi-disc differential lock, throttle response, four-wheel electronic traction control and electronic stability control (ESC) to adapt the SUV for optimal performance on the corresponding terrain.

Off-road geometry figures for approach, departure and ramp breakover angles are 21°, 21° and 16° respectively.[39] Minimum running ground clearance is inches (&#;mm).[39] Standard running ground clearance is inches (&#;mm).[58] Low hanging running boards are no longer offered from the factory to help increase side obstacle clearance.

Moving to a monocoque body usually has a negative impact on towing capacity. The new Explorer will be available with an optional trailer tow package. The package includes a Class III trailer hitch, engine oil cooler, trailer electrics connector, trailer sway control (TSC), wiring harness and a rear-view camera with trailer alignment assistance to help in backing up to a trailer. If equipped with the trailer tow package the new Explorer will be able to tow up to 5,&#;lb (2,&#;kg) of braked trailer. That is 1,&#;lb (&#;kg) greater than the towing capacity stated for the Explorer America concept and 2,&#;lb (&#;kg) less than the outgoing Explorer's towing capacity, although that was only available with the L V8 engine.[59][60]

Safety and security[edit]

Safety features include: Dual front adaptive SRS airbags, dual front-seat side-impact airbags, dual rear safety belt airbags (beginning first quarter, ), and side curtain head, torso and rollover protection airbags. Other optional safety features include BLIS blind spot information system with rear cross traffic alert, forward collision warning with brake supportprecrash system, Auto high-beam, Roll Stability Control (RSC), Electronic stability control (ESC) and Curve Control.

The fifth-generation Explorer was the first-ever vehicle to be equipped with dual rear inflatable safety belts. Airbags are sewn into the inside of the seat belts, and inflate with cold air to prevent burns. Ford claims it will be released as an option and to introduce inflatable seat belts on other Ford models eventually.[61]

Global recall[edit]

On June 12, , Ford announced a global recall of million Explorers produced from to citing suspension issues. Ford stated if the car was subjected to frequent rides over rough terrain that the toe link on the rear suspension could fracture which would affect steering and lead to greater risks of traffic accidents.[62]

NHTSA[edit]

Moderate overlap frontal offsetGood
Small overlap frontal offset (passenger side)Poor
Small overlap frontal offset (driver side)Marginal*(–)
Side impactGood
Roof strengthGood

*vehicle structure rated "Poor"

Awards[edit]

The fifth generation Ford Explorer earned the North American Truck of the Year award.[65] The rear inflatable seat belts won the Best New Technology Award from the Automobile Journalists Association of Canada.[66]

Ford Explorer Sport[edit]

Ford Explorer Sport

Ford Explorer Sport

The Ford Explorer Sport was announced March 28, , as an option for the model year and went on sale in June The "Sport" trim level comprises blackened exterior treatments, stiffened chassis and suspension, larger brakes and the installation of the EcoBoost L Twin Turbo V6 rated at &#;hp (&#;kW) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque. It is the only version to feature a combined 4WD/EcoBoost option (a FWD version is not being offered for the Sport trim), allowing its MPG to average between 16/city and 22/highway.[67] This version will be slotted above the Limited trim and is expected to compete in this segment against Jeep Grand Cherokee's SRT trim and Dodge Durango's R/T trims[68] and a newly updated Chevrolet Traverse, the latter of which unveiled their new look on the same day as the Explorer Sport as their response to Ford's news.[69]

facelift[edit]

The refreshed model year Ford Explorer debuted at the Los Angeles Auto Show, with a redesigned front fascia, hood, and lower bumper, standard LED low-beam headlights, and fog lamps that were inspired by the thirteenth generation Ford F The rear of the Explorer was also refreshed with restyled LED tail lamps and dual exhaust outlets. The refresh bumped the I4 engine to a &#;L EcoBoost four-cylinder engine from the Ford Mustang. A newly introduced Platinum trim now tops out the range, slotting above the Sport and Limited trims. Similar to the Platinum editions of the F and Ford Super Duty trucks, the Platinum trim features front and rear cameras, enhanced active park assist with perpendicular park assist, park-out assist and semi-automatic parallel parking, hands-free liftgate from the Ford Escape, an exclusive watt Sony surround sound system, and a heated steering wheel. The Platinum trim is paired with a &#;L EcoBoost Twin-turbo V6 with &#;bhp (&#;kW) which was previously only available with the Sport trim. The Explorer went on sale at dealerships in the Summer of Other than the addition of the top-of-the-line Platinum trim, as well as standard eighteen-inch alloy wheels on the base Explorer trim, the changes are mainly in styling, exterior and interior color combinations, technology, and power.

facelift[edit]

The Ford Explorer received a second facelift which includes a refreshed front end with revised LED headlights and redesigned LED fog lights as well as new exterior and interior colors in addition to new wheel designs.[70]

Update[edit]

The Ford Explorer received two new packages for the model year. XLT Desert Copper and Limited Luxury package. This was the last model year of this generation Explorer right before the Explorer entered production.

Engines[edit]

TypeModel YearsPowerTorque
1,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) EcoBoost I4&#;bhp (&#;kW) at rpm&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) at rpm
2,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) EcoBoost I4&#;bhp (&#;kW) at rpm&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) at rpm
3,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) Duratec 35 V6&#;bhp (&#;kW) at rpm&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) at rpm
3,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) EcoBoost TT V6&#;bhp (&#;kW) at rpm&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) at rpm
3,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) L V6, Police Interceptor Utility&#;bhp (&#;kW) at rpm&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) at rpm

Sixth generation (U; )[edit]

Motor vehicle

Sixth generation (U)
 Ford Explorer XLT (2), front jpg
ProductionMay 6, – present
Model&#;years–present
AssemblyUnited States: Chicago, Illinois (Chicago Assembly)[71][72]
China: Hangzhou (Changan Ford)[73]
Body&#;style5-door SUV
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
PlatformFord CD6 platform
RelatedLincoln Aviator
Engine
Electric&#;motor44&#;hp (45&#;PS; 33&#;kW) Modular electric-motor system
&#;PS (75&#;kW; &#;hp) Permanent-magnet synchronous AC electric motor
TransmissionFord 10R60 speed automatic
Hybrid drivetrainFHEV (Explorer Hybrid)
EcoBoost PHEV (Explorer PHEV)
Battery kwh Lithium-ion (Li-ion)
Wheelbase&#;in (3,&#;mm)
Length&#;in (5,&#;mm)
Width&#;in (2,&#;mm)
Height&#;in (1,&#;mm)
Curb&#;weight4,–4,&#;lb (1,–2,&#;kg)

The sixth-generation Ford Explorer officially debuted on January 9, , ahead of the North American International Auto Show.[75] The Ford Explorer is built on the new rear-wheel-drive based CD6 platform shared with the new Lincoln Aviator. A high-performance Ford Explorer ST model will also be offered. The turbocharged &#;L EcoBoost inline-four is the standard engine on the new Explorer, with &#;hp (&#;kW) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque. It comes with a new speed automatic transmission and either rear- or all-wheel drive. Its maximum tow rating is 5,&#;lb (2,&#;kg). An optional twin-turbocharged &#;L EcoBoost V6 makes &#;hp (&#;kW) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque, while the ST with the same engine makes &#;hp (&#;kW) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque. It also mates with a speed automatic and sees an increase in towing capacity, to 5,&#;lb (2,&#;kg). An Explorer Hybrid will also be available in the US with an initially detuned &#;L V6 producing a combined &#;hp (&#;kW). but in a possible future full tuned version could make over &#;hp (&#;kW) combined output being the possible most powerful non turbo V6 engine ever. The European version includes a &#;hp (&#;kW) &#;L V6 petrol engine and a &#;hp (75&#;kW) electric motor with a combined output of &#;hp (&#;kW) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m). It will have a fuel consumption of &#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;US) and can tow 2,&#;kg (5,&#;lb). The Explorer comes in four trim levels: XLT, Limited, ST, and Platinum. The base Explorer will be sold mainly to fleet buyers, and will not be available for retail sale.[71][76]

Thousands of initial Explorer and Aviator vehicles were shipped to Ford's Flat Rock Assembly Plant for repairs due to quality control problems. Later models have been shipped from the Chicago plant to dealerships; however, many required dealer repairs before they could be sold. Consumer Reports noted their purchased Aviator was having quality problems.[77]

Engines[edit]

TypeModel YearsPowerTorque
2,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) EcoBoost I4,&#;bhp (&#;kW)&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m)
3,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) L V6 Hybrid, Police Interceptor Utility&#;bhp (&#;kW)&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m)
3,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) L V6, Police Interceptor Utility Only&#;bhp (&#;kW)&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m)
2,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) EcoBoost TT V6, ST/Police Interceptor Utility&#;bhp (&#;kW)&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m)
2,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) EcoBoost TT V6, Platinum&#;bhp (&#;kW)&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m)
2,&#;cc (&#;cu&#;in) EcoBoost TT V6 Hybrid&#;bhp (&#;kW)&#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m)
  • Explorer Plug-in Hybrid (rear)

Variants[edit]

Ford Explorer Sport (–)[edit]

As the direct successor of the Bronco II, Ford developed a three-door version of the Explorer for the model year; while 10 inches shorter than its five-door counterpart, the three-door was still nearly 13 inches longer than the Bronco II. For the first generation, the three-door was available in any trim (except Limited), with Sport offered as a trim exclusive to the three-door. Distinguished by black-colored wheel wells and rocker panels, Sport was slotted between XL and XLT. For , Expedition was offered as a trim package for the three-door Explorer; replacing the Eddie Bauer trim, the nameplate was retired after in preparation for the full-size four-door SUV.

During the second generation, the XL and XLT trims were retired for the model year, with all three-door Explorers becoming Explorer Sports. For , the Explorer Sport was split from the four-door Explorer, retaining the second-generation body and chassis and adopting the front fascia of the Explorer Sport Trac.

Ford discontinued the Ford Explorer Sport following the model year, with the final vehicle produced in July

  • Ford Explorer XL

  • Ford Explorer Sport

  • Ford Explorer Sport

  • Ford Explorer Sport

Ford Explorer Sport Trac (–)[edit]

Introduced in as a model, the Explorer Sport Trac is a mid-size pickup truck derived from the second-generation Explorer, becoming the first mid-size Ford pickup. In contrast to the Ranger, the Sport Trac was marketed primarily as a personal-use vehicle rather than for work use.

Offered solely as a four-door crew cab, the design of the Sport Trac shared commonality with multiple vehicles. Sharing the frame and wheelbase of the Ranger SuperCab, the Sport Trac combined the front fascia of the Explorer Sport with a crew cab derived from the four-door Explorer; the pickup bed (designed for the model line) shared its tailgate with the F SuperCrew.

The Sport Trac was the final version of the Explorer derived from the Ranger. After skipping the model year, a second-generation Sport Trac was produced from to (derived from the fourth-generation Explorer).

  • Ford Explorer Sport Trac

  • Ford Explorer Sport Trac, rear

  • Ford Explorer Sport Trac

Ford Police Interceptor Utility[edit]

Ford Police Interceptor Utility operated by the San Diego Harbor Police Department.

Following the end of production of the Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor in , Ford began the development of a police-service variant of the Ford Explorer. For the model year, Ford introduced the Police Interceptor Utility; as with the related Police Interceptor Sedan variant of the Ford Taurus, the Utility is referred to as a Ford Police Interceptor[78] in lieu of being a Ford Explorer.

As with the Police Interceptor Sedan and the Ford Expedition SSV, the Utility is not sold for retail sale and is specifically designed for use by law enforcement or use by other emergency service agencies. Along with fleet-specific options such as steel wheels and provisions for user-specific paint schemes (such as contrasting doors), the Utility comes with provisions for fitting emergency equipment such as radios, lightbars, and sirens. To free up interior space on the center console for equipment, the transmission is fitted with a column-mounted shifter.

The Police Interceptor Utility comes with an all-wheel drive powertrain standard. Over a standard Explorer, the Utility is fitted with larger brake rotors, more advanced ABS and traction control systems, a more efficient cooling system, and other standard police equipment.

At its launch, the initial engine fitted was a &#;hp (&#;kW) &#;L version of the Ti-VCT V6, shared with the Ford Mustang and F For , Ford added the &#;hp (&#;kW) &#;L EcoBoost V6 (shared with the Police Interceptor Sedan and Ford Taurus SHO).

The California Highway Patrol now uses the Police Interceptor Utility because the current Ford Taurus, Chevrolet Caprice, and Dodge Charger patrol cars did not meet the payload the CHP requires for a universal patrol car.[37] In May , statisticians R.L. Polk declared the PI Utility the most popular police vehicle, based on U.S. sales figures.[79]

Ford Police Interceptor Utility[edit]

Police Interceptor Utility being used by Vigilant Fire Department as a medic response unit.

For the model year, Ford has created a second-generation Police Interceptor Utility, derived from the sixth-generation Explorer.[80] Offered exclusively in an all-wheel drive configuration, the Utility is offered with a twin-turbocharged L V6 and as a hybrid, with a &#;L V6 and an electric motor. A naturally aspirated version of the &#;L V6 engine is also offered to departments, which is unavailable on civilian models.[80]

Following the shift from the D4 to the CD6 architecture, the Police Interceptor Utility gains cargo space (even with hybrid batteries onboard) over its predecessor.[80] In total, the hybrid system increased the combined fuel economy of the Utility from 19 MPG to 24 MPG,[80] a 26% increase.

Mazda Navajo ()[edit]

The first-generation Ford Explorer was sold by Mazda from to as the Mazda Navajo. Offered solely in a three-door configuration, only minor design details differed the Navajo from its Ford counterpart.

Along with a revised front fascia, the Navajo received new taillamps and wheels; the bumpers were painted dark gray (resulting in the deletion of all chrome trim).[81] The interior was largely shared between the two model lines, with the Navajo receiving its own lettering for the instrument panel (in line with other Mazda vehicles); Mazda lettering was added to the Ford steering wheel hub.

In place of the three trims offered on the three-door Ford Explorer, Mazda offered the Navajo in base DX and top-tier LX trim[81] (roughly the equivalent of the Explorer Sport and three-door Explorer XLT). Offered only with four-wheel drive at its launch, a rear-wheel drive version of the Navajo was introduced for As with the first-generation Explorer, all Navajos were fitted with a &#;L V6; a five-speed manual was standard, with a four-speed automatic offered as an option (on both the DX and LX[81]).

In the early s, SUVs transitioned into alternatives to station wagons, leading to a decline in demand for two-door SUVs. After the model year, Mazda withdrew the Navajo, returning in with the four-door Tribute (a counterpart of the Ford Escape).

Mercury Mountaineer ()[edit]

Main article: Mercury Mountaineer

The Ford Explorer was sold by the Mercury division as the Mercury Mountaineer from to Developed as a competitor for the Oldsmobile Bravada, the Mountaineer was a four-door SUV slotted above the Explorer Limited. Marking the reintroduction of the waterfall grille to the Mercury brand, the model line was distinguished by two-tone (and later monochromatic) styling different from the Explorer.

Coinciding with the closure of the Mercury brand, the Mountaineer was withdrawn after the model year; three generations were produced, with the Mountaineer serving as the largest Mercury SUV (above the Mariner).

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_Explorer
Review for 1997 Ford Explorer Sport 4x4 2 door red only 63K miles walkaround \u0026 test-drive

The Ford Explorer was instrumental in popularizing the SUV. When it hit the market for the model year, it followed the lead of the Jeep Cherokee and Chevrolet S Blazer by offering off-road capability and rugged styling with family-friendly utility.

Almost 30 years later, the Ford Explorer is a lot different than when it first drove into suburbia's garages, but it still serves the same purpose: To carry the family in comfort with at least the appearance of can-do capability.

With an all-new, sixth-gen Ford Explorer set to debut ahead of the Detroit Auto Show, let's look back at the five generations it took to get us to this point.

Ford Explorer: The breakout hit

The first Explorer was built off the Ford Ranger's pickup truck chassis and shared a plethora of parts with its more utilitarian sibling, namely body panels ahead of the A-pillar and a dashboard. Although the Explorer resembled the (also Ranger-based) two-door Ford Bronco II compact SUV of the and model years, the Explorer was actually a full segment size larger.

The two-door Explorer Sport was inches longer and inches wider than the Bronco II, while the four-door Explorer boasted an additional inches of length. It was also more aerodynamic and modern looking, thanks to flush side glass, integrated mirrors and the lack of drip rails, which were still used on the Ranger of that period. The Explorer also came in a well-known, two-tone Eddie Bauer trim -- a tie-in with the outdoorsy clothing store. The Eddie Bauer Explorer was enough of a hit that it returned for subsequent generations.

Under the hood was a liter, overhead-valve V6 that made a respectable (for the time) horsepower and pound-feet of torque. Later model years saw a 5-horsepower bump, but torque stayed the same. The V6 could be paired with a Mazda-sourced five-speed manual transmission or a Ford-designed four-speed automatic. The first-gen Explorer came with rear-wheel drive standard, but shift-on-the-fly four-wheel drive was optional.

Speaking of Mazda, the Japanese automaker sold its own version of the first-gen Explorer. Called the Navajo, it was based off the Explorer Sport, meaning that it was only offered with two doors. While the '91 to '94 Explorer was an immediate hit, the Navajo, unfortunately, never really resonated with buyers.

The Explorer, however, did. In its first year, it sold , units. In its second year, it more than doubled that with , sales. By the end of , the SUV had crested , deliveries.

Ford Explorer: Topping the charts

Because most buyers rarely ventured off-road with their Explorers, the second-generation model's redesign was enhanced for better on-road manners, thus further differentiating the Explorer from the Ranger pickup truck on which it was still based. The more off-road-inclined I-Beam front suspension was replaced with a new, independent wishbone setup, but a live axle still resided out back.

The Explorer's exterior design also put more distance between itself and the Ranger. Rather than looking like a pickup with a well-integrated camper shell, the new Explorer had a more rounded look all its own. There was a lot more power under the hood, too. For , Ford began offering a liter V8 engine making horsepower and pound-feet of torque. In , Ford added a single-overhead cam, liter V6 to the option sheet. This modernized mill was good for horsepower and pound-feet of torque. The base liter V6, however, was still making just ponies. Also this year, V6 Explorers could be had with a five-speed automatic transmission -- a very modern gearbox for the time.

This generation of Explorer waved "goodbye" to its Mazda platform-mate after , but the midsize SUV wasn't alone for long. The model year brought about the Mercury Mountaineer, which came only with the liter V8, but subsequent years made V6 power optional.

By the turn of the century, the biggest news for the Explorer centered on its Firestone tires blowing out due to tread separation, leading to numerous rollovers, deaths and as many as 23 million tires recalled by both Firestone and Ford. Meanwhile, the blue oval was adding a new pickup truck variant called the Explorer Sport Trac with four doors, a inch longer wheelbase and a foot, composite truck bed.

When it came to sales, these were the Explorer's glory days. At the beginning of the second generation, the SUV registered , deliveries for The Explorer reached its all-time peak in with , units. It closed out the generation a year later with a still-healthy , deliveries.

Ford Explorer: The thrill is gone

Continuing the trend of being more family hauling-centric than off-road-ready, the third-generation Ford Explorer was no longer tied to the Ford Ranger. But it was still a body-on-frame SUV. Regardless of its truck-like roots, this Explorer was more car-like than ever before. A new independent rear suspension not only offered a superior ride, but it also freed up space for the newly available third row of seats, bringing the total occupant count to seven.

The base engine was carried over from the second-gen Explorer: A liter V6 making horsepower and pound-feet of torque, but the third generation brought a more powerful liter, single-overhead cam, all-aluminum V8 with horsepower and pound-feet of torque. The extra V8 power paired with body-on-frame construction meant this Explorer could tow as much as 7, pounds.

You could also have the Mazda-sourced five-speed manual transmission with the V6, but that was only offered for the first model year, after which all Explorers were built only with the five-speed automatic. The Explorer Sport, still based on the previous-gen model, met its maker in

In addition to the Explorer bidding farewell to the manual and a two-door configuration, the SUV also kissed its stellar sales figures goodbye. In , the Explorer was still resounding with , sales for the year, but by , sales were down 45 percent from three years earlier to just , units as more consumers ditched traditional SUVs for car-based crossovers.

While the Explorer began to fade in popularity, it's newest platform-mate, the Lincoln Aviator, was never a huge hit, and was grounded after

Ford Explorer: Downward spiral

The Explorer brought about a more powerful liter V8 engine with horsepower and pound-feet of torque channeled through a new six-speed automatic transmission. For the base Explorer, the previous generation's liter V6 carried on as the standard engine paired with a five-speed automatic, also from the previous generation.

A Sport Trac variant continued with the fourth-gen Explorer, and was even offered in the racy (not really) Adrenalin (yes, spelled incorrectly) trim. Speaking of special editions, don't forget about the Ironman Explorer from the model year. Hot stuff.

The fourth-gen Explorer also boasted a tougher frame, improved suspension and a refreshed interior. Later model years added more tech and convenience features, but none of those upgrades appeared to speak to customers. In , sales were down 25 percent from the year before to ,, and by , sales were down to 60,, largely a product of the failing US economy and consumers' demand for smaller, more fuel efficient vehicles. The Explorer's all-time low of 52, sales came in -- roughly a tenth of what sales were at their peak nine years earlier. Speaking of tenths, the related Mercury Mountaineer sold an embarrassing 5, units in , leading to its demise along with the rest of the Mercury brand.

Ford Explorer: The resurrection

The current, fifth-gen Ford Explorer is an example of "If you can't beat 'em, join 'em." After about a decade of car-based crossovers eating the Explorer's lunch, Ford finally caved and engineered an Explorer -- based on the Taurus sedan -- that followed the lead of successful, car-based crossovers such as the Toyota Highlander.

This strategy seemed to work in Ford's favor. With , units sold in , the Explorer more than doubled its volume from the previous year, while also beating the Highlander by more than 34, units. Sales kept climbing pretty much every year up to the fifth-gen's peak of , Last year wasn't bad for the Explorer, either, as it was about 10, sales shy of beating 's record. Still, that was good enough to make the Explorer America's best-selling three-row SUV.

The Explorer's resurgence definitely had something to do with drastically improved fuel economy. The fifth-gen started life with a liter V6 pumping horsepower and pound-feet of torque through a six-speed automatic transmission. The Explorer's new engine and car-based construction helped it to achieve 17 miles per gallon in the city and 23 mpg highway for all-wheel-drive models and 18/25 city/highway mpg on front-wheel-drive versions. That's much better than the gas-guzzling Explorer. When equipped with a V6 and four-wheel drive, the EPA rated it at 13/19 city/highway mpg.

To appease budget-minded shoppers even further, the Explorer also came with a liter, turbocharged engine rated at horsepower and pound-feet of torque, allowing the first four-cylinder Explorer to achieve 20/27 city/highway mpg. That engine eventually gave way to a liter, turbocharged four-cylinder producing horsepower and pound-feet of torque.

While a V8 was no longer offered, Ford was still adding more power under the hood. In , the Explorer Sport slid back into the lineup, this time with four doors and a twin-turbocharged, liter V6 making an impressive horsepower and pound-feet of torque. A time of less than six seconds was about two seconds faster than both the Explorer with the naturally aspirated V6 and the last V8-powered model.

The SUV got a visual update in , followed by more subtle visual tweaks in Throughout this generation's nine years, Ford has also been injecting more tech into its midsize SUV. As a result, the Explorer offers the latest in safety and driver-assistance features such as collision-mitigation braking, adaptive cruise control, lane-keep assist, automated parallel parking, automatic high beams and rain-sensing wipers. For those along for the ride, there's built-in Wi-Fi, Apple CarPlay and Android Auto to keep everyone entertained.

Ford Explorer: Can it keep the momentum?

If our recent tale of the tape is any indicator, yes it can. The all-new, sixth-generation Explorer offers more interior space, tech, power and capability than before, which not only helps it stand out from the competition, but also should help it keep its sales crown.

The new Explorer's base price sees a $ increase over to $33, (including a $ estimated destination charge), but the sixth-gen SUV with no options will be a lot nicer than an option-free fifth-gen. First, it'll have more power in the form of an EcoBoost liter, turbocharged four-cylinder making horsepower and pound-feet of torque sent to the rear wheels via a speed automatic transmission. That's enough power and torque to tow up to 5, pounds, or 2, pounds more than this year's four-cylinder Explorer.

The new SUV will be able to haul more inside, too. With cargo space up cubic feet to , it's now roomy enough to haul a 4x8 sheet of plywood. Passengers will also benefit with best-in-class second- and third-row headroom.

Tech also gets a major upgrade. The new Explorer comes standard with Apple CarPlay, Android Auto and Waze navigation on an 8-inch touchscreen, along with in-car Wi-Fi and four USB ports. Standard safety tech is also boosted to more competitive levels, thanks to collision-mitigation braking with pedestrian detection, lane-keep assist, blind spot monitoring, cross-traffic alert, automatic high-beams and a self-washing rearview camera.

That's a good amount of content for a base model, but for those wanting to extract more out of the new platform, the Explorer Platinum (likely to start around $56,) will come with a liter, twin-turbocharged EcoBoost V6 making horsepower and pound-feet of torque. The beefier engine is also connected to a speed automatic, but is paired exclusively with all-wheel drive featuring a front axle disconnect. The extra power means an additional pounds of towing capacity to 5,

Available tech and safety features will include embedded navigation on a vertical, inch touchscreen featuring pinch-to-zoom functionality, a degree camera, automated parallel parking, adaptive cruise control with speed sign recognition, evasive steering assist, and rain-sensing wipers. For even more information about the new Explorer, check out our first-look.

Ford will also be offering a hybrid version, as well as a performance-minded Explorer ST, but details about those won't be released until the full Explorer lineup is unveiled at the Detroit Auto Show.

Sours: https://www.cnet.com/roadshow/news/ford-explorer-generations-history/

Ford door 2 1990 explorer

Ford Explorer's Visual History, –

In the late s, a public furor begins brewing over Ford Explorers’ supposed propensity for rolling over. In reality, the incidents in question involve the Explorers’ Firestone tires failing, drivers losing control of their vehicles and, in many cases, rolling them. It is later found that, under certain conditions, some Firestone SUV tires are prone to fail when their treads separate from the rest of the tire.

Even so, there's no single scapegoat for the spate of Explorer rollover accidents that grip the nation’s attention. Instead, a confluence of issues are found to have contributed to the accidents: Improperly maintained tire pressures, driver error, and tall SUVs’ high centers of gravity and Jurassic suspension designs. We wade into the controversy in , purchasing an old Explorer and conducting tests proving that a catastrophic loss of tire pressure, even in an SUV, isn’t an automatic death sentence or cause for losing control.

Sours: https://www.caranddriver.com/features/g/ford-explorer-history/
1991 Ford Explorer Sport Walk-Around \u0026 Tour

Ford Explorer

Car classification

Mid-size car (until )

Body style

2DR Sport Utility
4DR Sport Utility

Transmission

5-speed manual
4-speed automatic

Dimensions

2DR Sport Utility:
" x 68 ( Bronco II)
" x ()
" x ()
" x ()
" x ()

4DR Sport Utility:
" x ()
" x ()
" x ()
" x ()

Drive

Rear-wheel drive
4-wheel drive

MPG

18/22 (XL and Sport 4x2)
17/21 (XL and Sport 4x4)
16/20 (top-of-the-line trim levels)

The mid-size Ford Explorerwas introduced in to replace the compact-sized 2-door Ford Bronco II, which was sold from the through model years.

Year-to-year changes[]

[]

Manufactured in Chicago, Illinois, Ford Motor Company's most popular SUV, the Explorer, originally came in two models -- XL 2-door and 4-door. Back then, the Mazda Navajo was one of the Explorer's key competitors.

[]

To celebrate its fifth birthday, the Ford Explorer, the best-selling compact sport/utility in the country, has been redesigned for , and was released in December The new Explorer sports an aerodynamic look highlighted by a sloping hood and new fenders, front bumper, headlights and grille. Revised body side moldings and taillamps carry the new design the length of the vehicle.

Standard dual airbags make their debut this year, as do 4-wheel ABS and a center high-mounted brake light. Later in the year, an optional integrated rear child safety seat will be available on 4-door models.

Also new is a redesigned, ergonomic instrument panel as well as new door trim and seat styles.&#;

Positioned close to the top of the compact sport/utility market, the Explorer appeals to buyers who place a premium on people-carrying comfort and convenience. To that end, the Explorer features the longest wheelbase in its class. Key competitors include the Jeep Grand Cherokee, Toyota 4Runner, Chevrolet Blazer and the GMC Jimmy.

The Explorer continues with the liter ohv V6. The standard transmission is a 5-speed manual; a 4-speed automatic is optional. A new independent front suspension with A-arms and torsion bars replaces the old Twin I-Beam design. This allows for a lower engine, hood and center of gravity.

The Explorer is available in two body styles (2-door and 4-door) and in 2-wheel-drive and 4-wheel-drive versions. Altogether there are five trim levels: XL (base), Sport (2-door only), XLT (4-door only), Eddie Bauer and Limited.

[]

The 2-door Ford Explorer was now down to just one trim level, the Sport. This car sold through

[]

Front side airbags were added for

The 4-door Ford Explorer within this generation sold through early

Retail prices[]

As of May 2,

  • $17,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 2DR)
  • $18,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 4DR)
  • $19,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 2DR 4WD)
  • $20,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 4DR 4WD)
  • $18,&#;( Ford Explorer Sport 2DR)
  • $20,&#;( Ford Explorer Sport 2DR 4WD)
  • $21,&#;( Ford Explorer XLT 4DR)
  • $23,&#;( Ford Explorer XLT 4DR 4WD)
  • $21,&#;( Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer 2DR)
  • $23,&#;( Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer 2DR 4WD)
  • $23,&#;( Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer 4DR)
  • $25,&#;( Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer 4DR 4WD)
  • $27,&#;( Ford Explorer Limited 4DR)
  • $28,&#;( Ford Explorer Limited 4DR 4WD)

As of December 8,

  • $18,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 2DR)
  • $20,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 4DR)

As of December 22,

  • $20,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 2DR 4WD)
  • $22,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 4DR 4WD)
  • $20,&#;( Ford Explorer Sport 2DR)
  • $21,&#;( Ford Explorer Sport 2DR 4WD)
  • $23,&#;( Ford Explorer XLT 4DR)
  • $25,&#;( Ford Explorer XLT 4DR 4WD)
  • $26,&#;( Ford Explorer Expedition 2DR 4WD)
  • $27,&#;( Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer 4DR)
  • $29,&#;( Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer 4DR 4WD)
  • $31,&#;( Ford Explorer Limited 4DR)
  • $33,&#;( Ford Explorer Limited 4DR 4WD)

As of August 1,

  • $19,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 2DR)
  • $21,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 2DR 4WD)
  • $20,&#;( Ford Explorer Sport 2DR)
  • $22,&#;( Ford Explorer Sport 2DR 4WD)

As of October 1,

  • $20,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 4DR)
  • $22,&#;( Ford Explorer XL 4DR 4WD)
  • $23,&#;( Ford Explorer XLT 4DR)
  • $25,&#;( Ford Explorer XLT 4DR 4WD)
  • $28,&#;( Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer 4DR)
  • $30,&#;( Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer 4DR 4WD)
  • $31,&#;( Ford Explorer Limited 4DR)
  • $34,&#;( Ford Explorer Limited 4DR 4WD)

Shipping prices[]

  • $&#;( to early models)
  • $&#;( and early models)

Gallery[]

91explorer

Ford Explorer (4-door)

92explorer

Ford Explorer (2-door)

93explorer

Ford Explorer (4-door)

94explorer

Ford Explorer (4-door)

95explorer2

Ford Explorer (2-door) SUV

95explorer

Ford Explorer (4-door) SUV

95explorer3
96explorer

Ford Explorer

96explorerv8

Ford Explorer V8

96explorerv82

Another Ford Explorer V8

97explorer2dr

Ford Explorer (2-door)

97explorer4dr

Ford Explorer (4-door)

98explorer2dr

Ford Explorer (2-door)

99explorer2dr

Ford Explorer (2-door)

99explorer4dr

Ford Explorer XLT

99explorer4dr2

Ford Explorer Eddie Bauer

Video Clips[]

Ford_Explorer_4DR_SUV
Sours: https://retrocars.fandom.com/wiki/Ford_Explorer

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The shorts were quite long, just below the knees, and they looked amazing on Maxim's figure. They are great. - the girl looked back and quickly dashed into the cabin to the guy.



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